Companion plants provide shade and shelter, control weeds, enrich the soil, improve flavor, and repel pesky insect predators without the use of noxious chemicals.Native to North Africa, and popular around the world, beets grow well in United States Plant Hardiness Zones 2 through 10.In order to increase crop production in a limited garden space, savvy homesteaders may plant two compatible vegetables that use different layers of the soil profile together.Examples include fibrous-rooted tomatoes with beets and other tap-rooted vegetables such as carrots, turnips, and parsnips.Lettuce is an effective cover crop for taking care of weeds when planted with beets.Gardener Marie Ianotti says that “You can always use the old trick of planting fast sprouting radishes in the same row as your beets.Beets (Beta vulgaris) are a fast-growing, easily cultivated, edible root crop in the same family as Swiss chard.Although Swiss chard is cultivated for its leaves, traditionally beets are grown for their bulbous roots.When grated and served raw, beets are a delicious, colorful, and crunchy addition to salads and sandwiches.Beets benefit these members of the cabbage family by adding essential minerals to the soil needed for the development of strong and healthy plant growth.Japanese beetles, snails, gophers, moles, root maggots, and coddling moths are naturally detoured by the pungent scent of garlic bulbs, onions, scallions, and leeks.Sulfur contains natural anti-fungal properties, making it a helpful agent in preventing a diverse array of plant diseases caused by different strains of common soil fungi.Strongly scented culinary herbs such as thyme, hyssop, rosemary, and all varieties of mint are good companions for beets.Mint does double duty: it also improves the flavor of cabbage, a boon companion plant for beets.Seldom bothered by disease or pests, beets are one of the easiest root crops to grow in the rural or urban homestead.All you need to do is plant beet seeds in a bright and sunny location, and keep the soil consistently moist during the germination process.Like most other vegetables, beets prefer nutrient rich soil, a sunny spot in the garden, and about one inch of water per week.If garden plot soil is deprived of nutrients, amend with generous amounts of well-aged herbivore manure (sheep, goat, cow, horse, llama) before planting.You could also use fish emulsion or blood meal, both of which have plenty of nitrogen to give your plants a good start.”.During long, hot summer days, continued mulching keeps soil cool and moist.Although beets do prefer full sun, they can grow just fine in a partially shaded area of the garden plot.Because beets develop a portion of the root above the soil level, seeds do not have to be planted deeply.At maturity, beets present a flavorful orb approximately three to eight inches in diameter.Harvest beets at any time during the growing season, from midsummer into late fall.If they’re packed in landscape sand and kept in a cool root cellar at high humidity, beets will stay fresh and firm for five months or more.Beet leaves can be steamed or cooked in the same manner as spinach, or chopped and served raw in salads and salsa.The amount of time required until your beet crop reaches maturity is dependent on the variety.Mini Ball is a small sized beet ideal for pickling, while Detroit Dark Red is especially flavorful when it’s fresh. .

Companion Planting

These factors include sun exposure, weather, ecology, pollinators, insect population, soil structure and chemistry, and water supply.West Coast Seeds has conducted significant research into these companion planting guidelines and has defined the best possible results and reasons for each of our recommendations.Minimizing Risk: Companion planting increases odds of higher yields even if one crop fails or is affected by natural hardships like weather, pests, or disease.Trap Cropping: Companion planting is the ultimate organic pest management system.Ammi - This beautiful flower attracts lacewings, ladybird beetles, and parasitic wasps.Basil helps repel aphids, asparagus beetles, mites, flies, mosquitoes, and tomato horn worm.Plant with Brassicas, carrots, celery, chard, corn, cucumber, eggplant, peas, potatoes, radish, and strawberries.Plant with bush beans, Brassicas, corn, garlic, kohlrabi, leeks, lettuce, and mint.Brassicas (broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, kale, kohlrabi, turnip) – All benefit from chamomile, dill, mint, rosemary, and sage.Buckwheat – Fixes calcium in the soil, and makes an exceptionally good green manure plant.Calendula – Repels a number of unwanted soil nematodes and asparagus beetles, but may attract slugs.Celery – Good partner for beans, Brassicas, cucumber, garlic, leek, lettuce, onion, and tomatoes.Coreopsis - This plant attracts pollinators, but also hoverflies, soldier bugs, and tachinid flies.Amaranth makes a great mulch between rows by competing with weeds and conserving ground moisture.Cosmos can be direct sown from early March to the end of June in our region so that it blooms continuously throughout the summer.Cucumber – Plant beside asparagus, beans, Brassicas, celery, corn, dill, kohlrabi, lettuce, onion, peas, radish, and tomatoes.Dill attracts ladybird beetles, parasitoid wasps, hoverflies, bees, and garden spiders, making it one of the most useful companion planting candidates.Echinacea - These perennial coneflowers attract hoverflies and parasitoid wasps, so they're useful for pest control in companion plantings.Eggplant – A good companion for amaranth, beans, marigolds, peas, peppers, spinach, and thyme.Fennel attracts hoverflies, ladybird beetles, parasitic wasps, and tachinid flies, so it's a kind of beneficial insect magnet.Gaillardia - This flower blooms over a very long period in summer, providing a rich source of nectar for a host of pollinators.Because of its sulfur compounds, it may also help repel whiteflies, Japanese beetles, root maggots, carrot rust fly, and other pests.Garlic, made into a tea, or spray, will act as a systemic pesticide, drawing up into the cells of the plants.It’s a good companion for beets, Brassicas, celery, lettuce, potatoes, strawberries, and tomatoes.Iberis - This early flowering plant provides nectar for pollinators before many others, and it attracts hoverflies and ground beetles.Lettuce – Good companions for beets, Brassicas, carrot, celery, chervil, cucumbers, dill, garlic, onions, radish, spinach, squash, and strawberries.Melon – Great companions for corn, marigolds, nasturtiums, pumpkin, radish, squash, and sunflowers.Onions also work well alongside beets, Brassicas, carrots, dill, kohlrabi, leeks, lettuce, strawberries and tomatoes.Peas – Superb companions for beans, carrots, celery, corn, cucumber, eggplant, parsley, peppers.Phacelia — An essential element in any organic gardener's toolkit, this multi-purpose annual flower is fast to mature, and amazingly attractive to a host of pollinators and beneficial insects.Notably, it attracts bees and predatory hoverflies to improve pollination and combat pest insects.Plant Phacelia around any crop showing poor pollination, particularly squash (including zucchini and pumpkin), melons, and cucumbers.Avoid planting potatoes near asparagus, Brassicas, carrots, cucumber, kohlrabi, melons, parsnips, rutabaga, squash, sunflower, and turnips.Rosemary repels cabbage moths, Mexican bean beetles, and carrot rust flies.Spinach – A good companion for Brassicas, eggplants, leeks, lettuce, peas, radish, and strawberries, particularly.Sunflowers are attractive to a host of wild and domestic bees, and also ladybird beetles, which prey on aphids.Tithonia - Plant this so-called Mexican Torch to attract parasitoid wasps, parasitic flies, and soldier bugs to your garden.Tomatoes – Another sensitive plant when it comes to companions, tomatoes benefit from asparagus, basil, beans, borage, carrots, celery, chives, collards, cucumber, garlic, lettuce, marigold, mint, nasturtium, onion, parsley, and peppers.Yarrow – Its scent repels aphids, but attracts hoverflies, lady beetles, and wasps that prey on garden grubs.The leaves and stems of yarrow contain enzymes that break down rapidly, so it can be added to the compost raw or as a tea to accelerate the heap.Damp, acidic soil can host club root (for example), which can be a real problem for broccoli and Brussels sprouts.Please feel free to contact us for clarification at [email protected] westcoastseeds.com, and we will do our best to bring better depth to our guides so that all of our customers can benefit. .

Companion Planting Vegetables for Increased Crop Yield

For the best results plant them near onions, asparagus, carrots, parsley or cucumbers, but keep them well away from potatoes or members of the cabbage family. .

Can I Plant Tomatoes With Beets?

Companion planting is a gardening technique that emphasizes plant compatibility; for instance, climbing vines and tall plants, such as tomatoes and corn, work well when paired with low-growing crops, such as beets and cucumbers, since they do not compete with each other for space.Companion Planting.However, the area around the base of a tomato plant is often an ideal location for shallow-rooted, shade-tolerant plants, or bite-sized root vegetables. .

Companion Planting Guide

Marigolds are another good companion, repelling nematodes and other garden pests.Other friends to tomatoes include asparagus, carrots, celery, the onion family, lettuce, parsley, and spinach.Corn and tomatoes both suffer from the corn earworm, and tomatoes and potatoes are affected by the same blight, so keep these plants separate to prevent the spread of pests or disease.Friends: Basil is a good friend to peppers, helping repel aphids, spider mites, mosquitoes, and flies.Other good companions include onions, spinach, and tomatoes.Foes: Beans so the vines don’t spread among the pepper plants.Plant marigolds among your cucumbers to repel aphids and beetles.Beans, celery, corn, lettuce, dill, peas, and radishes are also good companion plants.Carrots should be planted near onions because onions will repel the carrot fly.Friends: Carrots should be planted near onions because onions will repel the carrot fly.Other good friends of onions include beets, cabbage, carrots, lettuce, parsnips (which also suffer from carrot fly), tomatoes, and spices like marjoram, savory, and rosemary.Beans, beets, broccoli, carrots, corn, peas, radishes, and marigolds also work as good companion plants.Squash also does well planted alongside beans, peas, radishes, dill, and marigolds.Radish and onions are good garden friends!Friends: Corn loves veggies that fix nitrogen in the soil—like green beans. .

9 of the Best Companion Plants to Grow with Corn

With a kid who loves it on the cob and a spouse who adores his nightly popcorn , it’s kind of a must-have in my veggie garden.This year, after learning my lesson and starting earlier, I’ve got sweet corn thriving in my garden.In my endeavor to grow the sweetest kernels, in addition to careful planting and maintenance, I have found several ideal companions for maize.With corn specifically, companion planting allows you to save space in your garden by growing pumpkins among the stalks.But maize benefits other plants, too: it acts as an ideal trellis for beans, or cucumber vines, and it can provide shade for low-growing crops.I grow basil in my garden every year, and then I bring at least one plant inside to keep in my warm house during the long Alaska winter.Here’s why: one of corn’s chief pests is the maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais), which can eat your sweet kernels in the garden and in storage.Researchers at the Ministry of Agriculture in Kenya found in a 2013 study that crushed, dried basil leaves scattered around corn deter the maize weevil from infesting the kernels.By planting pungent basil on the perimeter of your corn patch, it’ll keep maize weevils away with its smell.For extra protection, harvest one or two leaves from each plant, rip them up to release the essential oils, and scatter them at the base of each cornstalk.It can also help to repel some of the worst Z. mays pests because, as with other Umbellifers, its flowers attract parasitic wasps and other beneficial insects.Find seeds for lovely yellow-flowered dill at Burpee, or plant this dwarf fernleaf variety from True Leaf Market – which only grows up to 18 inches tall.With bright, cheerful blooms, Tropaeolum majus is the perfect trap crop to keep aphids away from your Z. mays.Tastier to aphids than corn, they’ll swarm the nasturtiums and (hopefully) leave your stalks, silks, and kernels alone.The wasps will eat the aphids, providing extra protection and keeping them from ever reaching your stalks and ears.Find ‘Alaska Mix’ nasturtium seeds in a variety of packet sizes available at Eden Brothers.Squash, corn, and pole beans make up the Three Sisters planting trio implemented for thousands of years by Native American peoples.Find ‘Rattlesnake’ pole bean seeds in a variety of packet sizes available at Eden Brothers.Verticillium wilt causes potatoes to die before they reach maturity, so this is a significant mode of protection.Here’s how to grow maize to act as a green manure for potatoes: plant it in alternate rows, spaced about six inches apart from the tubers.Alternatively, at the end of the growing season, after harvesting your corn, cut the stems and leaves into small pieces and work it into the ground.And even if you don’t want to sacrifice any of your corn as green manure, you can maximize your garden space by growing potatoes among the shallow-rooted stalks.The vining cucurbits act as a living mulch for the corn and beans, keeping weeds at bay and locking moisture into the soil.Find seeds to grow your own ‘Small Sugar’ pumpkins, ‘Waltham Butternut’ squash, or ‘Straight Eight’ cucumbers at Burpee.Plant them alongside your Three Sisters as they help to deter cucumber beetles and squash borers from making a meal of your pumpkins.This beautiful, bountiful flower (Helianthus annuus) is the perfect Fourth Sister to grow with corn, beans, and pumpkins.In a 2012 study published in the Journal of the Kentucky Academy of Science, researchers found that planting dwarf sunflowers near sweet corn attracted a plethora of beneficial, pest-killing ladybugs.So plant sunflowers near your corn and enjoy the presence of beneficial predators, the beauty of the big happy blooms, and the tasty seeds you’ll get at harvest time.Find ‘Sunspot’ dwarf sunflower seeds at True Leaf Market, and the large ‘Mammoth’ variety available at Burpee.This sweet-smelling legume (Trifolium repens) acts as the perfect living mulch, or cover crop, for corn, according to researchers at the American Society of Agronomy.Now that you know all the ways that corn and its companions can help each other thrive, you’re one step closer to enjoying a garden with few issues and plenty of fruit. .

Companion Planting Chart

Plants with long taproots like parsnips and carrots will lift nutrients from the depths of the soil.Plants with long taproots like parsnips and carrots will lift nutrients from the depths of the soil.Prevent Weeds – Alternating upright plants and sprawling ones can create a thicker cover across the majority of the open land in your garden area, which will ultimately prevent weeds.– Alternating upright plants and sprawling ones can create a thicker cover across the majority of the open land in your garden area, which will ultimately prevent weeds.Regulate Shade & Wind – Too much sun can damage tender and fragile plants.– Dill and basil are natural protectants for tomato plants, keeping away the dreaded hornworm.Type of Vegetable Friends Enemies Special Notes Asparagus.Basil, beets, bush beans, carrots, celery, chamomile, cucumber, dill, garlic, lettuce, marigolds, mint, nasturtiums, onions, radishes, rosemary, sage, spinach, Swiss chard, thyme Asparagus, cantaloupe, climbing beans, mustard, peppers, pumpkins, strawberries, sweet corn, watermelon Rosemary repels the cabbage fly that is detrimental to broccoli.Beets, celery, chard, lettuce, spinach, onions Kohlrabi, tomatoes Hyssop, mint, and sage deter cabbage moths Carrots.Beans, lettuce, onions, peas, peppers, tomatoes Dill Chives improve flavor, rosemary deters carrot flies Corn.Cabbage, carrots, chard, lettuce, peppers, tomatoes Beans, peas Chamomile improves growth and flavor Potatoes.Basil, beans, celery, corn, garlic, horseradish, lettuce, marigolds, onions, peas, radishes, spinach Asparagus, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, carrots, cucumbers, eggplant, kohlrabi, melons, peppers, raspberries, squash, sunflowers, strawberries, tomatoes Cucumbers, tomatoes and raspberries attract harmful pests to potatoes.Beets, cabbage, carrots, chives, cucumbers, kale, lettuce, spinach, squash Hyssops Radish plants will work as a trap crop to protect against certain beetles.Beans, corn, dill, marigolds, nasturtiums, peas, radishes, strawberries, sunflowers Potatoes Squash has similar traits to pumpkin in terms of companion plants.Asparagus, carrots, celery, onions, parsley, peppers Corn, dill, kohlrabi, potatoes Basil, mint, and bee balm improve growth and flavor Zucchini.Beans, corn, dill, garlic, marigolds, nasturtiums, oregano, peas, radishes, spinach Potatoes and pumpkin NONE.Deep-rooted vegetables like tomatoes and asparagus should be placed in the same bed, as they will thrive with less frequent (but more thorough) watering that soaks deep into the soil.On the flip side, shallow- to medium-rooted plants like beans and chard benefit from more frequent watering that saturates just the first few inches of soil.Wind soaker hoses around your plants and attach them to dual outlet electronic timers to easily manage your watering schedule for different beds.A lot of work goes into maintaining a productive garden, so it is worth the time, effort and research it takes to grow like-minded plants that will help each other out. .

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