Ball-type, Chantenay, and Danvers carrots have blocky shapes that can handle heavy or shallow soil, while slender Nantes and Imperator carrots need deep, loose soil.Some catalogs don’t describe how to plant carrots by type, but will point out which cultivars do better in heavy or poor soil.How To Plant.Related: 26 Plants You Should Always Grow Side-By-Side.(Here's how to keep animal pests from destroying your garden.).Infested roots turn dark red and the leaves black.It starts on leaf margins, with white or yellow spots that turn brown and watery.If leaf blight is a problem in your area, plant resistant cultivars.Prevent it by rotating crops and keeping soil loose.The disease is spread by leafhoppers, so the best way to prevent the problem is by covering new plantings with row covers to block leafhoppers.Dig your winter storage crop before the first frost on a day when the soil is moist but the air is dry.Watering the bed before harvesting softens the soil and makes pulling easier.Related: 4 Tips For Planning Your Fall Garden.Or store your fall carrot crop right in the garden by mulching the bed with several inches of dry leaves or straw. .

Zone 8

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Zone 8 Vegetable Planting Calendar/Schedule

To get the most out of your vegetable garden, you need to do a little planning.You should adjust the planting dates relative to your particular area, and the specific variety of vegetables going into your garden.The Vegetable Garden Planting Calendar below will help you plan if and when your seeds should be started indoors, when to start or transplant your seeds/seedlings to the outdoors, and roughly when to expect to harvest your seeds. .

virginia-vegetable-planting-calendar

City Last Frost Date First Frost Date Burkes Garden 6/3 9/15 Charlottesville 4/18 10/18 Lexington 5/14 10/1 Norfolk 4/6 10/31 Painter 4/29 10/16 Pennington 5/18 9/29 Richmond 4/27 10/13 Roanoke 4/29 10/5 Virginia Beach 4/10 11/2 Winchester 5/3 10/1. .

Vegetables and Herbs to Plant in July

And while July may be too late for varieties like tomatoes or squash (depending on where you live), you can still pick seeds that work for your USDA Plant Hardiness Zone's climate pattern.When gardeners in Southern California are at their peak harvest in July, those in cooler climates can still get going.Greens like arugula, spinach, parsley, and cilantro go to seed quickly in hot, dry temperatures.But sown by seed in cooler regions midsummer, these plants thrive and will produce well into fall.Root vegetables like beets and carrots also flourish when sown midsummer, as they can stand a little frostnip and can be left under the snowpack to harvest later for a sweeter taste.Broccoli and cabbage starts or transplants also stand a chance when planted in July.Provided the plants are irrigated thoroughly, the warm conditions will yield a tasty crop before the first hard frost.Radishes, turnips, beets, and carrots can all benefit from a second planting in zones 4 and 5, where warm fall weather is common.Radishes, with their relatively short maturation, will peak early and can be snacked on in late summer.Brussels sprouts, basil, and leeks planted from starts provide a nice addition to soups as the hot weather turns cool.And even late bloomers like winter squash planted from starts can be harvested well into fall, as long as you have row covers to keep the frost off.Mild temperatures with late frost create optimal seasonal conditions for most vegetables in zones 6 and 7.And the bolting nature of parsley, dill, and cilantro eases once the heat of summer passes.Vegetables that are late to mature in cooler climates do fine down south when sown in July.Lucky gardeners in this general region can plant nightshades, like peppers, tomatoes, and eggplant, and pick their ripe fruit from the vine into early winter.All types of squash can be planted in midsummer, and you can enjoy the delicacy of their blossoms in about a month, followed by their large, yummy veggies at harvest time.Still, dill and cilantro (traditionally grown in Mexico) may fare well, depending on the given season's weather pattern.Year-round growing is one of the many benefits of living in Hawaii, where melon, sweet potatoes, and even garlic can be planted in July.Tropical temperatures combined with ample moisture create the ultimate environment for growing vegetables by seed.And since most herbs are perennials in this climate, add them at any point in the year as companions in your garden or ornamental additions to flower beds. .

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