Cauliflower heads resemble those in broccoli, which differs in having flower buds as the edible portion.Brassica oleracea also includes broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, collard greens, and kale, collectively called "cole" crops,[2] though they are of different cultivar groups.[4] Pliny's description likely refers to the flowering heads of an earlier cultivated variety of Brassica oleracea.[6][7] This association continued into Western Europe, where cauliflowers were sometimes known as Cyprus colewort, and there was extensive trade in western Europe in cauliflower seeds from Cyprus, under the French Lusignan rulers of the island, until well into the 16th century.[9] They were introduced to France from Genoa in the 16th century, and are featured in Olivier de Serres' Théâtre de l'agriculture (1600), as cauli-fiori "as the Italians call it, which are still rather rare in France; they hold an honorable place in the garden because of their delicacy",[10] but they did not commonly appear on grand tables until the time of Louis XIV.Cauliflower is relatively difficult to grow compared to cabbage, with common problems such as an underdeveloped head and poor curd quality.Because weather is a limiting factor for producing cauliflower, the plant grows best in moderate daytime temperatures 21–29 °C (70–85 °F), with plentiful sun, and moist soil conditions high in organic matter and sandy soils.[2] In the northern hemisphere, fall season plantings in July may enable harvesting before autumn frost.Long periods of sun exposure in hot summer weather may cause cauliflower heads to discolor with a red-purple hue.[1] Applications of fertilizer to developing seedlings begin when leaves appear, usually with a starter solution weekly.Rapid vegetative growth after transplanting may benefit from such procedures as avoiding spring frosts, using starter solutions high in phosphorus, irrigating weekly, and applying fertilizer.The most important disorders affecting cauliflower quality are a hollow stem, stunted head growth or buttoning, ricing, browning and leaf-tip burn.[1] Among major pests affecting cauliflower are aphids, root maggots, cutworms, moths, and flea beetles.When cauliflower is mature, heads appear as clear white, compact, and 15–20 cm (6–8 in) in diameter, and should be cooled shortly after harvest.[1] Forced air cooling to remove heat from the field during hot weather may be needed for optimal preservation.This group also includes white, Romanesco, various brown, green, purple, and yellow cultivars.Northern European annuals: Used in Europe and North America for summer and fall harvest, it was developed in Germany in the 18th century and includes the old cultivars Erfurt and Snowball.Northwest European biennial: Used in Europe for winter and early spring harvest, this was developed in France in the 19th century and includes the old cultivars Angers and Roscoff.This orange trait originated from a natural mutant found in a cauliflower field in Canada.[21] Secondary producers, having 0.4–1.3 million tonnes annually, were the United States, Spain, Mexico and Italy.Raw cauliflower is 92% water, 5% carbohydrates, 2% protein, and contains negligible fat (table).Cauliflower contains several non-nutrient phytochemicals common in the cabbage family that are under preliminary research for their potential properties, including isothiocyanates and glucosinolates.Cauliflower heads can be roasted, grilled, boiled, fried, steamed, pickled, or eaten raw.Another quality, also present in other plant species, is that the angle between "modules," as they become more distant from the center, is 360 degrees divided by the golden ratio. .

Is Cauliflower Man-Made Or Naturally Found?

Is cauliflower a vegetable that naturally occurred, or is it just another plant that humans made in a lab?Cauliflower did not always exist as a plant in the form we all know today but was created by humans through a lengthy process called selective breeding.What do you think cauliflower, broccoli, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, kale, and kohlrabi have in common?As already mentioned earlier, cauliflower is the result of an extensive process called selective breeding.Since the oldest times, farmers have favored plants with more generous yields, more flavorful fruits, fewer seeds, more edible pulp, and so on.More precisely, this involves breeding parents with special characteristics to produce offsprings with more desirable traits.In essence, the first cauliflower plant appeared through many decades of selective breeding and not due to direct genetic manipulation in a lab.However, GMO species also exist today due to some cultivators’ urge to obtain plants with higher yields or better resistance to pests and drought.Thanks to farmers’ efforts over thousands of years, we can enjoy cauliflower in its current form today.Plants such as corn, bananas, strawberries, watermelons, and carrots, would have a completely different shape or taste without humans’ intervention. .

Kale, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, and cabbage are all varieties of

This makes it pretty interesting that kale and cabbage — along with broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, collard greens, and kohlrabi, and several other vegetables — all come from the exact same plant species: Brassica oleracea.About 2500 years ago, B. oleracea was solely a wild plant that grew along the coast of Britain, France, and countries in the Mediterranean.Though they're all the same species, these various crops are cultivars — different varieties bred to have desirable qualities for human purposes.This also happens with domesticated animals: we pick out the qualities we prize, whether it's the ability to produce lots of milk (dairy cows) or friendliness and loyalty (dogs).


These Common Vegetables Are Actually All the Same Plant

Over the last few thousand years, farmers have bred Brassica Oleracea into six "cultivars" that eventually became many of the vegetables we eat:."The wild plant is a weedy little herb that prefers to grow on limestone outcroppings all around the coastal Mediterranean region," Jeanne Osnas, a researcher at Purdue University who blogs as "The Botanist in the Kitchen," writes in a blog post about Brassica Oleracea."It is a biennial plant that uses food reserves stored over the winter in its rosette of leaves to produce a spike of a few yellow flowers at the end of its second summer before dying.By selecting and breeding plants with bigger leaves, or larger buds, the different cultivars (also known as subspecies) were created.Broccoli was created from a kale predecessor in the 1500s by selecting for the larger flower clusters, which are then harvested before they bloom. .

The Ascension of Cauliflower

She tells her clients to pair riced cauliflower with dishes that have a lot of sauce and flavors, like curries, stir fries and chili.Food industry experts say that the cauliflower trend is growing because it appeals to a broad spectrum of consumers following a variety of diets, from plant-based to Paleo.Many of them are drawn to vegetables and are seeking out so-called clean labels, or foods that limit additives such as sugar, salt, artificial sweeteners and heavily refined, synthetic or genetically modified ingredients. .

Rice, gnocchi, steak, wings: how cauliflower took over your plate

First came the cauliflower steaks, thick vegetal slabs, roasted and served like cruciferous T-bones.“Cauliflower moves to the center of the plate,” declared New York magazine in 2013, crowning it “Vegetable Most Likely to Be Mistaken for a Piece of Meat.”.In the case of cauliflower, it was born of several things: the recession, a related move toward more vegetable-centric eating, and the rise of low-carb diets like Paleo and keto and whatever “wheat belly” is.“You start seeing grilled cauliflower steaks in restaurants and so forth, because it kind of fit everything,” Badaracco says.“For a food trend to grow,” agrees Kara Nielsen, the vice president of trends and marketing at CCD Innovation, which helps large food manufacturers develop new products, “you need to be pushed by multiple drivers.” Like Badaracco, she saw cauliflower emerge through fine dining.There was a dish from Daniel Patterson at the now-defunct Plum, in Oakland, California, an olive oil-braised cauliflower with bulgur and almonds, circa 2010.In New York, at Dirt Candy, vegetarian legend Amanda Cohen was doing cauliflower and waffles.That was in 2009, she recalls, the early days of the cauli craze, before the vegetable had been transmogrified into every other food group.“It’s not like [cauliflower] was something that previously didn’t exist in the grocery store or on restaurant menus,” he says.In the early aughts, the French chef Bernard Loiseau was so obsessed with perfecting the caramelization of cauliflower that according to his biographers, it might have killed him.The rise of “new Israeli” cuisine, he says, “suddenly gave cauliflower a new sort of story.”.The idea that we should trick kids into eating vegetables by mushing them up and hiding them in mac and cheese is a story.For example, whole grains might find an ally in the demonization of white bread and our collective move toward complex carbohydrates.(Anti-carb diets, of course, are a trend too, which Nielsen connects to “a bigger rejection of the mass food industry.”).While Cohen, the chef, stands by its natural deliciousness — and isn’t that why we should eat foods, because they taste good?You can’t just start cultivating Brazilian açai berries everywhere, Sax points out.But cauliflower isn’t a terribly sensitive vegetable: It’s easy to grow and thrives almost everywhere, so it’s cheap and accessible, both geographically and existentially.In the US, for example, pastel French macarons are a thing, which is to say that you can find them in many bakery windows (also Starbucks) and they have been widely covered by media.But even at their height, they have never reached the fevered pitch of cupcakes, which became such a cultural phenomenon that their inevitable crash was reported in the Wall Street Journal as a business story.According to one Australian food magazine, chef Ben Ford (son of Harrison) invented the cauliflower version of the stuff in 1998.— the food industry became increasingly interested in finding new ways to turn beans and legumes into other things.As Badaracco sees it, though, some of the reasons for cauliflower’s continued reign have nothing to do with the particular merits of the vegetable.Since the election in 2016, consumers have been in what she describes as “an emotional stall.” In a recession, people turn to simple comfort foods.According to Nielsen, the food marketing analyst, a trend evolves through five stages on its way to the mainstream.A trend hits stage two when you read about it in food media; maybe you can get it at specialty stores.By stage four, it’s trickled down to more restaurants, gotten coverage in media outlets not devoted to food.It’s not a perfect model, Nielsen says, but even as the food landscape changes, it still basically works.I spoke with Jordan Greenberg, the vice president and general manager of Green Giant, the canned and frozen vegetable brand.“When we first introduced [riced vegetables], in Q4 of 2016, we were harvesting 5 acres of cauliflower a week,” Greenberg says.Eventually, someday, we won’t be talking about cauliflower, either because we forget about it or because it’s become — wait for it — so ingrained in our lives. .

How did cauliflower come to cost as much as a pound of grass-fed

And with cauliflower nudging kale aside as a contender for the next hot vegetable – last week, a New York Times food writer declared that the veg was "shaping up as a star of this winter season" – wildly fluctuating prices are causing angst across the country.The cost of the beloved brassica may hold in this range, says John Bishop, director of purchasing for Fresh Start Foods, but when it comes to veg prices this season, "We're not out of the woods.".Bishop blames an El Nino weather system that has brought cold and wet conditions to cauliflower-growing areas in the United States and Mexico.Add to that any damage caused by Hurricane Patricia in Mexico in the fall – and the plunging buying power of the Canadian dollar – and you get sticker shock.China, India and Italy are the world's top three largest growers, but produce importers looking for more stock haven't been able to call up suppliers in those countries.That cauliflower is already contracted to be sold to big companies, says Nick Nasturzio, a vegetable buyer who's been getting calls from friends and family about the spike.Up until a month ago, Rose says he was selling the head of roasted cauliflower stuffed with Halloumi cheese and topped with tahini sauce, pine nuts and pomegranate seeds for about $25.Farmers can't jump on the hot prices to turn a quick profit: They have to plan far in advance, choosing what to plant based on last season, then waiting to see if the weather works with or against them. .


Country Thousand tons The United Kingdom 105 Germany 88 Canada 40 France 39 The Netherlands 35 China 29 Belgium-Luxembourg 22 Malaysia 18 Italy 12 Singapur 11.This vegetable is mainly produced in Asia, accounting for 75% of the world production.The FAO gathers the production, export and import data of cauliflowers and broccolis together. .


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