Thank you for your question to eXtension.Most people will tie the large (healthy) leaves over the top of their cauliflower to keep the curds white. .
Cauliflower Growing Problems and Solutions
It is best to start cauliflower indoors where it can be protected from both cold and hot temperatures.Spring-planted cauliflower is likely to face early cold and late heat which will make the effort difficult.Summer-planted cauliflower for fall harvest will be both easier to grow and more flavorful–cauliflower prefers to leisurely mature in cool weather.Start the fall cauliflower crop at the same time you plant late cabbage.Keep the garden free of weeds; sprinkle wood ash around base of plants.• Young sprouts fail to grow or die back; bluish-black spot on leaves and stems.Cold will cause young plants to flower and produce seed without forming a head.Protect young plants from cold weather with floating row covers; set transplants into the garden no sooner than 1 to 3 weeks before the last average frost date in spring.• Irregular yellowish to brownish spots on upper leaf surfaces; grayish powder or mold on undersides.• Leaves yellow; plant stunted; small glistening white specks on roots.Root cyst nematode is a microscopic worm-like animal that lives in the film of water that coats soil particles.• Leaves are yellowish and slightly curled with small shiny specks.Aphids are tiny, oval, whitish-green, pink, or black pear-shaped insects that colonize on leaves.They leave behind sticky excrement called honeydew which can turn into a black sooty mold.Harlequin bugs are black with bright red yellow or orange markings.They suck fluids from plant tissue causing white and yellow blotches.Keep garden free of crop residue and weeds where bugs breed.Spade garden soil deeply to destroy larvae in earl spring.Cultivate in spring to kill larvae and interrupt the life cycle.(1) Cabbage looper is a light green caterpillar with yellow stripes running down the back; it loops as it walks.Keep garden clean of debris where adult brownish night-flying moth can lay eggs.(2) Armyworms are dark green caterpillars the larvae of a mottled gray moth with a wingspan of 1½ inches.Armyworms mass and eat leaves, stems, and roots of many crops.Set beer traps at soil level to attract and drown snails and slugs.• Leaves chewed; tunnels inside cabbage and cauliflower heads.Imported cabbage worm is a pale green caterpillar with yellow stripes to about 1¼ inches long; the adult is a white moth with two or three black spots on the forewing.Add about ½ ounce of ammonium molybdate per 500 square feet.If deficient, add ½ ounce of borax per 24 square yards.Grow plants so that they mature in the cool, moist weather of autumn.Start cauliflower indoors and transplant it out into the garden about 4 to 5 weeks after seedlings emerge.Transplants can be set in the garden as early as 1 to 2 weeks before the average last frost date in spring; set cauliflower in the garden when the soil temperature has warmed to 55°F and daytime temperatures average in the 50°s and 60°sF.A summer-planted fall crop is a safer bet: sow cauliflower in the garden about 75 days before the average first frost date in autumn.Side dress cauliflower with compost tea every 2 to 3 weeks during the growing season.Cut cauliflower heads before they get too big, when they are about 6 inches across, slightly larger than a softball. .
How to Use Broccoli or Cauliflower Stems and Leaves
Take broccoli and cauliflower, for example.The heads grow in the center of a ruffle of large green leaves.Using Broccoli and Cauliflower Stalks.When you are preparing your recipe, don’t hesitate to throw in the prepped stalks right along with the florets.Using Broccoli and Cauliflower Leaves.You can eat the ribs if you finely chop them and give them a head start in the cooking process to allow them a chance to soften before adding the rest of the leaf.If you can’t cook your broccoli or cauliflower leaves right away, it’s no problem.Using up the Whole Broccoli and Cauliflower Plant.Here are a few ways to use up your cauliflower and broccoli stalks and leaves.You can roast peeled stems cut into 1-2 inch sections right along with the plant’s florets.If you want to impress and amaze your family and friends — and reduce food waste — whip up a batch of broccoli stem slaw (below).Shred up some peeled broccoli stalks, carrots and maybe some radish.Pureed soup is a perfect gateway recipe to using up your stems.Adding cauliflower or broccoli florets to your baked mac and cheese is an easy way to lighten up the dish and get an extra serving of vegetables in your meal.Add the peeled and chopped stalks as well.Braise broccoli and cauliflower leaves as you would any other leafy green such as kale or chard.You can steam any of part of the plant for a powerhouse of a healthy side dish.The stalks and leaves of broccoli and cauliflower are great in salads.If you are new to using broccoli stalks, this is a great gateway recipe.1 tablespoon rice vinegar or white wine vinegar.Broccoli stalks from 1 bunch of broccoli, peeled, trimmed and shredded or cut into matchsticks. .
How to Cut Cauliflower
How to Cut Cauliflower.What to do with the head of cauliflower once I got it home from the store.She chopped at onions until she mastered the skill.That was me with cauliflowers!So, buying a head of cauliflower and cutting it myself is the way to go!Choosing the Best Cauliflower Head.Cut cauliflower florets may last up to 4 days in the fridge, but note that browning will occur more quickly with cut florets.How to Cut Cauliflower into Florets.I like to cut the base of the cauliflower core too.Once you remove the core, the florets fall off.Because, next, you’ll want to place the cauliflower stem side down (hopefully that’s flat enough so it sits on its own), and use a knife and cut straight down the middle of the cauliflower.There’s only a few, simple steps for how to cut cauliflower florets.That makes removing the core even easier to do.I have also seen people cut the whole head of cauliflower by placing it stem side up.Then use a paring knife to cut down around the core.However, if you want smaller florets, use your paring knife to cut them down into smaller florets.Can you eat cauliflower leaves and stems?You can eat cauliflower leaves and stems, including the core.The core can fibrous, so I recommend cutting it into bite-size pieces and steaming it for use with other recipes, such as cauliflower soup or cauliflower gratin.You can refrigerate leaves and cut stem and core pieces for 5–7 days.This Cauliflower Gratin is a wonderful side dish to serve with any of your favorite plant-based meals.Cauliflower soup is a healthy meal to serve any day of the week.Vegan Cauliflower Soup Enjoy this healthy vegan cauliflower soup as a side dish or even as the main dish.Here’s even more vegan cauliflower recipes you’ll love!How to Cut Cauliflower Use this recipe to cut a fresh head of cauliflower easily.Place the cauliflower on the cut core. .
How to Harvest Cauliflower: 13 Steps (with Pictures)
This off flavor is increased by cooking, so it's best to eat your purple cauliflower raw. .
How to Cook with Cauliflower Leaves
If there’s a ranking of underutilized, unappreciated produce parts, cauliflower leaves are surely in the top five.Gingerroot’s Roasted Cauliflower Short Grain Brown Rice Risotto with Lemon, Walnut and Mascarpone deftly solves this problem, incorporating the leaves right into the same dish that the cauliflower goes into.Roasted Cauliflower Brown Rice Risotto with Lemon, Walnut, and Mascarpone View Recipe Ingredients 3 cups cauliflower florets (save any green leaves! .