For example, garlic was one of the plants recommended for its antimicrobial properties in Meddygion Myddvai, a 14th-century Welsh manuscript.You might have heard that we live in the “post-antibiotic era”, which means known antimicrobials are becoming less effective due to the pathogenic bacteria becoming resistant.In an attempt to validate long-known remedies and to understand their mechanism of action, hundreds of in-vitro (performed in a lab setting) studies have been conducted with garlic extracts.If you just glance through the results, it easy to feel convinced that garlic could cure a UTI and all other diseases in the world along with it.Therefore, while these studies are a great first step to see what potential an herb has in fighting certain bacteria, there is no way to tell how this research can be translated into clinical recommendations for humans.For example, you might know that Allicin (diallyl thiosulfinate), derived from garlic, is a highly potent natural antimicrobial substance.These compounds include disulfides, trisulfides, dithiins, and ajoenes since this is what is detectable in urine after garlic consumption.When comparing the beneficial effects of Allicin to those of losartan: “In fact, the effect of allicin on blood pressure and renal function is comparable to reductions seen with losartan, a prescription drug commonly used as a first-line therapy”, concludes the author.Probably one of the most important discoveries for chronic UTI sufferers is that garlic can affect bacterial biofilms.E.coli that causes UTIs is known to form biofilms that enable bacteria to avoid attacks from our own immune systems, resist antibiotics and therefore becoming the source of persistent chronic infections.Subinhibitory Concentrations of Allicin Decrease Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) Biofilm Formation, Adhesion Ability, and Swimming Motility study investigated the effect of Allicin, isolated from garlic essential oil, on pathogenic E.coli, biofilm formation and growth, along with its effect on ability of E.coli to adhere to bladder walls and move around (“motility”).Furthermore, allicin decreased the bacterial adhesion ability and swimming motility, which are important for biofilm formation”.The study also revealed that the presence of 50 µg/mL allicin decreased the expression of UPEC type 1 fimbriae adhesin gene fimH.This means that E. coli can’t grow their little nasty hands that they use to grab on to your bladder walls and this, in return, allows you to flush the bacteria out.However, let’s hope that after Allicin is metabolized by our body, and the resulting components still carry on similar qualities as their parental compound.As I mentioned earlier, it is hard to know until we actually study garlic dosage for UTI in human clinical research.If you are already taking antibiotics, most likely it is OK to supplement with garlic as a way to give your therapy a boost, but make sure to consult with your physician first.Most human studies 600-1,200 mg garlic extract, usually divided into multiple doses and taken with or after food.This seems to be a very safe dosage, and on average comes close to an intake of (weighs about Only one UTI related human study.You can cut garlic into pill size pieces, but I would recommend crushing it as much as possible before swallowing to release potent Allicin.Garlic can be toxic if consumed in very high doses, so supplementation should never go beyond 5% of the diet (total weight of all the food you eat).A research paper named “Detection of Volatile Metabolites Derived from Garlic (Allium sativum) in Human Urine“ highlights three garlic-derived metabolites (AMS, AMSO, and AMSO) that reach their maximum concentration in urine at about 1 h after garlic consumption.Most garlic supplements are standardized on allicin potential and are enteric-coated to prevent gastric acid inactivation of the allicin-producing enzyme, alliinase.

.

Using garlic to combat antimicrobial resistant urinary tract infections

Garlic extract may be an effective weapon against multi-drug resistant strains of pathogenic bacteria associated with urinary tract infections (UTI), according to a recent study published in the Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science.Conducted by researchers at the Birla Institute of Technology and Sciences in India, the study found that "even crude extracts of [garlic] showed good activity against multidrug resistant strains where antibiotic therapy had limited or no effect.According to the researchers, "ours is the first study to report the antibacterial activity of aqueous garlic extract against multidrug resistant bacterial isolates from infected urine samples leading to UTI.". .

8 Herbs and Natural Supplements for UTIs

If you’re one of the many people in the world who experiences recurrent UTIs, you may be seeking natural and alternative solutions to avoid excessive exposure to antibiotic drugs.It occurs naturally in a variety of foods, including cranberries, apples, and oranges, but is usually consumed in powder or tablet form when used as a UTI therapy.Although these results are encouraging, the study design was somewhat flawed due to the small sample size and lack of a control group ( 5 ).summary D-mannose is a type of naturally occurring sugar that may treat UTIs by preventing infectious bacteria from sticking to the cells in your urinary tract.The plant’s berries are a favorite snack for bears — hence the nickname bearberry leaf — while its leaves are used to make herbal medicine.After the leaves are harvested, they may be dried and steeped to make tea, or leaf extracts may be consumed in capsule or tablet form.Modern research supporting the use of uva ursi to treat UTIs is limited, though several compounds present in the plant have exhibited potent antimicrobial capabilities in test-tube studies ( 7 ).Arbutin is the main compound credited with uva ursi’s UTI-healing potential, thanks to its antibacterial effect on E. coli — one of the most common causes of UTIs ( 7 ).One older study in 57 women found that supplemental use of uva ursi with dandelion root significantly reduced UTI recurrence, compared with a placebo (8).Available research suggests uva ursi is relatively safe at daily doses of 200–840 mg of hydroquinone derivatives calculated as anhydrous arbutin.However, its long-term safety has not been established, and it should not be taken for longer than 1–2 weeks at a time due to the potential risk of liver and kidney damage ( 10 ).Additional evidence from individual case reports suggests that garlic may be an alternative therapy for treating UTIs in humans, but strong research to validate these results is lacking ( 12 ).Ultimately, more well-designed studies are needed to better understand the role garlic may play in treating and preventing recurrent UTIs before any definitive conclusions can be drawn regarding its effectiveness or ideal dosage.Garlic supplements are likely safe for most people, but side effects may include heartburn, bad breath, and body odor ( 13 ).Test-tube and animal studies have demonstrated that cranberry prevents UTIs, but human research has found considerably less convincing results ( 15 ).Epigallocatechin (EGC), a compound in green tea, has demonstrated potent antibacterial effects against UTI-causing strains of E. coli in test-tube research ( 18 ).Several animal studies have also found that green tea extracts containing EGC may improve the effectiveness of certain types of antibiotics frequently used to treat UTIs ( 19 ).The current research indicates that as little as 3–5 mg of EGC may be enough to help inhibit bacterial growth in the urinary tract, but this theory hasn’t yet been proven in humans ( 19 ).Speak with your healthcare provider if you’re interested in taking green tea supplements and have a history of impaired liver function ( 20 ).Other potential remedies Several types of herbal teas may be used to treat and prevent UTIs, but despite their popularity, very few studies have been conducted on their use for this purpose.These features are thought to help reduce inflammation, inhibit bacterial growth, and flush the urinary tract of infectious bacteria, but more research is needed ( 24 ).For instance, garlic and cranberry supplements may negatively interact with certain types of prescription medications, while the long-term use of uva ursi may contribute to liver or kidney damage.To ensure the supplements you’ve chosen are of the highest quality, always opt for brands that have been tested for purity by a third-party organization, such as NSF International.Summary Given that herbal and nutritional supplements are generally not regulated in many countries, always choose brands that have been independently tested by a third party, such as NSF International.Even mild infections can quickly worsen and spread to other parts of your body, potentially leading to very serious health consequences. .

How to Get Rid of a UTI in 24 Hours: 7 Effective Home Remedies

You’ve heard of E. Coli before, but did you know it causes 90% of urinary tract infections?Read on to learn the top seven ways to treat your condition at home.When you first notice burning when you use the restroom, it’s tempting to reduce your water intake.It will start to invade and replace the ‘good’ bacteria that live in your gut and urinary tract.It will increase the ‘good’ bacteria and prevent the ‘bad’ ones from taking over.Vitamin C can help destroy bad bacteria due to its acidity.It will also help protect you from future infections, so start increasing your intake now.Increasing your garlic consumption can help you combat bladder infections.Many are unaware of their poor hygiene habits until they’ve experienced one.Always wipe from front to back to prevent E. Coli from nearing your private space.The doctors at Oxford Urgent Care will provide you with prompt treatment and relief.Check out our contact information and visit our office as soon as possible to remedy your UTI. .

Bladder-Irritating Foods: Symptoms, Diet, Relief

Urine forms as the kidneys filter waste from your blood.Most people pee between six and eight times a day (maybe more if you drink plenty of water).When it becomes irritated, you can feel uncomfortable and may become embarrassed by changes to urination (peeing).Bladder irritation causes physical symptoms related to urination:.A urinary tract infection (UTI) can cause short-term (temporary) discomfort and urgency.People with chronic problems like interstitial cystitis (IC) can experience ongoing bladder pain.But if you are running a fever and have chills or pain in your lower back or side, visit your health care provider.The bladder collects waste, including remainders of foods and drinks.Determining if a food irritates your bladder is a process of elimination.Not all people sensitive to bladder irritants are affected by the same foods.Your healthcare provider can help you identify bladder-irritating foods.To test bladder discomfort by eliminating foods, you can:.Start with a small amount of one food, increasing the portion size over several days.If irritation returns after reintroducing a food, stop eating it completely.Lab tests cannot diagnose foods that cause bladder irritation.But a urologist (healthcare specialist who treats urinary system problems) may examine your bladder to diagnose or rule out IC.You can manage discomfort by avoiding foods you have identified as bladder irritants.Drinking plenty of water will help reduce pain from any bladder-irritating foods you might ingest, in moderation or accidentally.But identifying foods that cause bladder pain can go a long way to helping you feel better.Through a process of elimination and careful diet, you can find and avoid bothersome foods and drinks.If foods irritate your bladder, you may worry about finding enough to eat.But you can take steps to remove irritants from your diet and reduce pain.Avoid foods that irritate your bladder, and remember that water is important.Drinking enough water helps you feel more comfortable after you eat foods that irritate your bladder.Talk to your healthcare provider about your bladder irritation and possible food and drink causes. .

Garlic proves a potential weapon against UTI

According to a study published in the Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, garlic extract could prove effective in combating animicrobial resistant strains of pathogenic bacteria associated with urinary tract infection (UTI).Researchers at the Birla Institute of Technology and Sciences in India found that "even crude extracts of [garlic] showed good activity against multidrug resistant strains where antibiotic therapy had limited or no effect.". .

Garlic, Chives Reduce Prostate Cancer

But a new study shows that filling your diet with garlic and scallions can help reduce the chance of this potentially deadly cancer.Garlic and scallions, along with onions, leeks, chives, and shallots, are rich in flavonols, substances in plants that have been shown to have antitumor effects. .

Garlic: Health Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dose & Precautions

Abbruzzese, M. R., Delaha, E. C., and Garagusi, V. F. Absence of antimycobacterial synergism between garlic extract and antituberculosis drugs.[Two cases of eosinophilic gastroenteritis whose causative allergens are usefully diagnosed by patch test].Adetumbi, M., Javor, G. T., and Lau, B.

H. Allium sativum (garlic) inhibits lipid synthesis by Candida albicans.Ahmad, M. S., Pischetsrieder, M., and Ahmed, N.

Aged garlic extract and S-allyl cysteine prevent formation of advanced glycation endproducts.Ahmadi, N., Tsimikas, S., Hajsadeghi, F., Saeed, A., Nabavi, V., Bevinal, M. A., Kadakia, J., Flores, F., Ebrahimi, R., and Budoff, M.

J.Relation of oxidative biomarkers, vascular dysfunction, and progression of coronary artery calcium.Ali, M. and Thomson, M.

Consumption of a garlic clove a day could be beneficial in preventing thrombosis.Ali, M. Mechanism by which garlic (Allium sativum) inhibits cyclooxygenase activity.Effect of raw versus boiled garlic extract on the synthesis of prostanoids.Ambati, S., Yang, J. Y., Rayalam, S., Park, H. J., Della-Fera, M. A., and Baile, C. A.

Ajoene exerts potent effects in 3T3-L1 adipocytes by inhibiting adipogenesis and inducing apoptosis.Andrianova, I. V., Fomchenkov, I.

V., and Orekhov, A. N.

[Hypotensive effect of long-acting garlic tablets allicor (a double-blind placebo-controlled trial)].A., Karabasova, IaA, Liutova, L. I., Povorinskaia, T.

E., and Orekhov, A. N. [Use of allikor for the normalization of fibrinolysis and hemostasis in patients with chronic cerebrovascular diseases].[Effect of long-acting garlic tablets "allicor" on the incidence of acute respiratory viral infections in children].Anim-Nyame, N., Sooranna, S.

R., Johnson, M. R., Gamble, J., and Steer, P. J. Garlic supplementation increases peripheral blood flow: a role for interleukin-6?Anthony, J. P., Fyfe, L., and Smith, H. Plant active components - a resource for antiparasitic agents?Apitz-Castro, R., Escalante, J., Vargas, R., and Jain, M.

K. Ajoene, the antiplatelet principle of garlic, synergistically potentiates the antiaggregatory action of prostacyclin, forskolin, indomethacin and dypiridamole on human platelets.Ashraf, M.

Z., Hussain, M. E., and Fahim, M. Endothelium mediated vasorelaxant response of garlic in isolated rat aorta: role of nitric oxide.Ashraf, R., Aamir, K., Shaikh, A. R., and Ahmed, T. Effects of garlic on dyslipidemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Augusti, K. T.

and Sheela, C. G.

Antiperoxide effect of S-allyl cysteine sulfoxide, an insulin secretagogue, in diabetic rats.Effects of garlic consumption on plasma and erythrocyte antioxidant parameters in elderly subjects.Ayala-Zavala, J. F., Gonzalez-Aguilar, G.

A., and Toro-Sanchez, L. Enhancing safety and aroma appealing of fresh-cut fruits and vegetables using the antimicrobial and aromatic power of essential oils.Bagga, S., Thomas, B.

S., and Bhat, M. Garlic burn as self-inflicted mucosal injury--a case report and review of the literature.B., Shabestari, S. B., Tanik, A., and Pahlevan, R. Comparison of therapeutic effect of aqueous extract of garlic and nystatin mouthwash in denture stomatitis.Bakri, I. M. and Douglas, C.

W. Inhibitory effect of garlic extract on oral bacteria.Balasenthil, S., Ramachandran, C.

R., and Nagini, S. Prevention of 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide-induced rat tongue carcinogenesis by garlic.Balasenthil, S., Rao, K. S., and Nagini, S.

Altered cytokeratin expression during chemoprevention of experimental hamster buccal pouch carcinogenesis by garlic.Balasenthil, S., Rao, K. S., and Nagini, S.

Retinoic acid receptor-beta mRNA expression during chemoprevention of hamster cheek pouch carcinogenesis by garlic.Baluchnejadmojarad, T. and Roghani, M.

Endothelium-dependent and -independent effect of aqueous extract of garlic on vascular reactivity on diabetic rats.Baluchnejadmojarad, T., Roghani, M., Homayounfar, H., and Hosseini, M. Beneficial effect of aqueous garlic extract on the vascular reactivity of streptozotocin-diabetic rats.Banerjee, S. K., Dinda, A.

K., Manchanda, S. C., and Maulik, S. K.

Chronic garlic administration protects rat heart against oxidative stress induced by ischemic reperfusion injury.Effects of garlic oil on platelet aggregation, serum lipids and blood pressure in humans.A., and Orekhov, A. N.

[Study of the antioxidant drug "Karinat" in patients with chronic atrophic gastritis].A., Krzhivitskii, P. I., Semiglazov, V. F., Aleksandrov, V.

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N. [Study of an antioxidant dietary supplement "Karinat" in patients with benign breast disease].Bhushan, S., Sharma, S.

P., Singh, S. P., Agrawal, S., Indrayan, A., and Seth, P.

Effect of garlic on normal blood cholesterol level.Bhuvaneswari, V., Abraham, S. K., and Nagini, S.

Combinatorial antigenotoxic and anticarcinogenic effects of tomato and garlic through modulation of xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes during hamster buccal pouch carcinogenesis.Bimmermann A, Weingart K, and Schwartzkopff W. Allium sativum: Studie zur Wirksamkeit bei Hyperlipoproteinamie.Bleumink, E., Doeglas, H.

M., Klokke, A. H., and Nater, J. P. Allergic contact dermatitis to garlic.Effect of garlic on blood lipids in patients with coronary heart disease.Bordia, A.

K., Joshi, H. K., Sanadhya, Y.

K., and Bhu, N. Effect of essential oil of garlic on serum fibrinolytic activity in patients with coronary artery disease.Bordia, A., Bansal, H.

C., Arora, S. K., and Singh, S. V.

Effect of the essential oils of garlic and onion on alimentary hyperlipemia.Bordia, A., Verma, S. K., and Srivastava, K.

C. Effect of garlic on platelet aggregation in humans: a study in healthy subjects and patients with coronary artery disease.Bordia, T., Mohammed, N., Thomson, M., and Ali, M.

An evaluation of garlic and onion as antithrombotic agents.B., and Eling, T. E.

Diallyl disulfide (DADS) induces the antitumorigenic NSAID-activated gene (NAG-1) by a p53-dependent mechanism in human colorectal HCT 116 cells.Bradley R, Endres J, Hockenberry D, and et al. Investigation of garlic-induced apoptosis in breast cancer cell lines [poster presentation].International Scientific Conference on Complementary, Alternative and Integrative Medicine Research, Boston, MA, 2002.Brosche, T., Platt, D., and Dorner, H.

The effect of a garlic preparation on the composition of plasma lipoproteins and erythrocyte membranes in geriatric subjects.Budoff, M. J., Takasu, J., Flores, F. R., Niihara, Y., Lu, B., Lau, B.

H., Rosen, R. T., and Amagase, H. Inhibiting progression of coronary calcification using Aged Garlic Extract in patients receiving statin therapy: a preliminary study.Buiatti, E., Palli, D., Decarli, A., Amadori, D., Avellini, C., Bianchi, S., Biserni, R., Cipriani, F., Cocco, P., Giacosa, A., and .Byrne, D.

J., Neil, H. A., Vallance, D.

T., and Winder, A. F. A pilot study of garlic consumption shows no significant effect on markers of oxidation or sub-fraction composition of low-density lipoprotein including lipoprotein(a) after allowance for non-compliance and the placebo effect.Canduela, V., Mongil, I., Carrascosa, M., Docio, S., and Cagigas, P.

Garlic: always good for the health?Caporaso, N., Smith, S. M., and Eng, R.

H. Antifungal activity in human urine and serum after ingestion of garlic (Allium sativum).Challier, B., Perarnau, J.

M., and Viel, J. F.

Garlic, onion and cereal fibre as protective factors for breast cancer: a French case-control study.Chauhan, N. B.

and Sandoval, J. Amelioration of early cognitive deficits by aged garlic extract in Alzheimer's transgenic mice.Effect of aged garlic extract on APP processing and tau phosphorylation in Alzheimer's transgenic model Tg2576.Chu, Q., Lee, D.

T., Tsao, S. W., Wang, X., and Wong, Y. C.

S-allylcysteine, a water-soluble garlic derivative, suppresses the growth of a human androgen-independent prostate cancer xenograft, CWR22R, under in vivo conditions.Cohain, J. S. Long-term symptomatic group B streptococcal vulvovaginitis: eight cases resolved with freshly cut garlic.Das, I., Khan, N. S., and Sooranna, S. R. Potent activation of nitric oxide synthase by garlic: a basis for its therapeutic applications.Das, I., Patel, S., and Sooranna, S.

R. Effects of aspirin and garlic on cyclooxygenase-induced chemiluminescence in human term placenta.In vitro synergism of concentrated allium sativum extract and amphotericin B against cryptococcus neoformans.Davis, L. E., Shen, J.

K., and Cai, Y. Antifungal activity in human cerebrospinal fluid and plasma after intravenous administration of Allium sativum.Davis, S. R., Perrie, R., and Apitz-Castro, R.

The in vitro susceptibility of Scedosporium prolificans to ajoene, allitridium and a raw extract of garlic (Allium sativum).de Rooij, B. M., Boogaard, P. J., Rijksen, D.

A., Commandeur, J. N., and Vermeulen, N.

P. Urinary excretion of N-acetyl-S-allyl-L-cysteine upon garlic consumption by human volunteers.Delaha, E. C. and Garagusi, V. F. Inhibition of mycobacteria by garlic extract (Allium sativum).Demirkaya, E., Avci, A., Kesik, V., Karslioglu, Y., Oztas, E., Kismet, E., Gokcay, E., Durak, I., and Koseoglu, V.

Cardioprotective roles of aged garlic extract, grape seed proanthocyanidin, and hazelnut on doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity.Deshpande, R. G., Khan, M. B., Bhat, D.

A., and Navalkar, R. G. Inhibition of Mycobacterium avium complex isolates from AIDS patients by garlic (Allium sativum).Dhawan, V.

and Jain, S. Effect of garlic supplementation on oxidized low density lipoproteins and lipid peroxidation in patients of essential hypertension.Dillon, S. A., Lowe, G.

M., Billington, D., and Rahman, K. Dietary supplementation with aged garlic extract reduces plasma and urine concentrations of 8-iso-prostaglandin F(2 alpha) in smoking and nonsmoking men and women.Dirsch VM, Kiemer AK, Wagner H, and et al.

Effect of allicin and ajoene, two compounds of garlic, on inducible nitric oxide synthase.Dirsch, V. M., Gerbes, A. L., and Vollmar, A. M.

Ajoene, a compound of garlic, induces apoptosis in human promyeloleukemic cells, accompanied by generation of reactive oxygen species and activation of nuclear factor kappaB.Dixit, V. P. and Joshi, S.

Effects of chronic administration of garlic (Allium sativum Linn) on testicular function.Dorant, E., van den Brandt, P. A., Goldbohm, R. A., and Sturmans, F.

Consumption of onions and a reduced risk of stomach carcinoma.A., Breckler, L., Hale, J., Lehmann, H., Franklin, P., Lyons, G., Ching, S. Y., Mori, T. A., Barden, A., and Prescott, S. L.

Supplementation with vitamins C, E, beta-carotene and selenium has no effect on anti-oxidant status and immune responses in allergic adults: a randomized controlled trial.Durak, I., Kavutcu, M., Aytac, B., Avci, A., Devrim, E., Ozbek, H., and Ozturk, H. S. Effects of garlic extract consumption on blood lipid and oxidant/antioxidant parameters in humans with high blood cholesterol.Dwivedi, C., John, L. M., Schmidt, D. S., and Engineer, F. N.

Effects of oil-soluble organosulfur compounds from garlic on doxorubicin-induced lipid peroxidation.Egen-Schwind C, Eckard R, Jekat FW, and et al. Pharmacokinetics of vinyldithiins, transformation products of allicin.Eguchi, A., Murakami, A., and Ohigashi, H.

Novel bioassay system for evaluating anti-oxidative activities of food items: use of basolateral media from differentiated Caco-2 cells.El Beshbishy, H. A. Aqueous garlic extract attenuates hepatitis and oxidative stress induced by galactosamine/lipoploysaccharide in rats.el Sabban, F.

and Radwan, G. M. Influence of garlic compared to aspirin on induced photothrombosis in mouse pial microvessels, in vivo.Eming, S. A., Piontek, J. O., Hunzelmann, N., Rasokat, H., and Scharffetter-Kachanek, K. Severe toxic contact dermatitis caused by garlic.Fani, M.

M., Kohanteb, J., and Dayaghi, M. Inhibitory activity of garlic (Allium sativum) extract on multidrug-resistant Streptococcus mutans.Feldberg, R.

S., Chang, S. C., Kotik, A. N., Nadler, M., Neuwirth, Z., Sundstrom, D.

C., and Thompson, N. H.

In vitro mechanism of inhibition of bacterial cell growth by allicin.Friedman, T., Shalom, A., and Westreich, M. Self-inflicted garlic burns: our experience and literature review.Gaddoni G, Selvi M, Resta F, and et al.

Allergic contact dermatitis to garlic in a cook.Gail M, You WC, Chang YS, and et al. Factorial trial of three interventions to reduce the progression of precancerous gastric lesions in Shandong, China: Design issues and initial data.Gail, M.

H. and You, W.

C. A factorial trial including garlic supplements assesses effect in reducing precancerous gastric lesions.Galduroz, J.

C., Antunes, H. K., and Santos, R. F. Gender- and age-related variations in blood viscosity in normal volunteers: a study of the effects of extract of Allium sativum and Ginkgo biloba.Gallwitz, H., Bonse, S., Martinez-Cruz, A., Schlichting, I., Schumacher, K., and Krauth-Siegel, R. L. Ajoene is an inhibitor and subversive substrate of human glutathione reductase and Trypanosoma cruzi trypanothione reductase: crystallographic, kinetic, and spectroscopic studies.Gamboa-Leon, M.

R., Aranda-Gonzalez, I., Mut-Martin, M., Garcia-Miss, M. R., and Dumonteil, E.

In vivo and in vitro control of Leishmania mexicana due to garlic-induced NO production.Gao YT, McLaughlin JK, and Gridley G. Risk factors for esophageal cancer in Shanghai, China.Gao, C.

M., Takezaki, T., Ding, J. H., Li, M.

S., and Tajima, K. Protective effect of allium vegetables against both esophageal and stomach cancer: a simultaneous case-referent study of a high-epidemic area in Jiangsu Province, China.Effect of garlic supplementation on plasma lipids in hypercholesterolemic men and women.Gebhardt R, Beck H, and Wagner K. Inhibition of cholesterol biosynthesis by allicin and ajoene in rat hepatocytes and HepG2 cells.Germain, E., Auger, J., Ginies, C., Siess, M. H., and Teyssier, C.

In vivo metabolism of diallyl disulphide in the rat: identification of two new metabolites.Ghannoum, M. A. Inhibition of Candida adhesion to buccal epithelial cells by an aqueous extract of Allium sativum (garlic).Studies on the anticandidal mode of action of Allium sativum (garlic).Ghazanfari, T., Hassan, Z.

M., and Khamesipour, A. Enhancement of peritoneal macrophage phagocytic activity against Leishmania major by garlic (Allium sativum) treatment.Giovannucci E, Rimm EB, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, Ascherio A, and Willett WC.Intake of fat, meat, and fiber in relation to risk of colon cancer in men.Groppo, F. C., Ramacciato, J. C., Motta, R.

H., Ferraresi, P. M., and Sartoratto, A. Antimicrobial activity of garlic against oral streptococci.Groppo, F.

C., Ramacciato, J. C., Simoes, R. P., Florio, F.

M., and Sartoratto, A. Antimicrobial activity of garlic, tea tree oil, and chlorhexidine against oral microorganisms.Guo, N.

L., Lu, D. P., Woods, G. L., Reed, E., Zhou, G.

Z., Zhang, L. B., and Waldman, R.

H. Demonstration of the anti-viral activity of garlic extract against human cytomegalovirus in vitro.Guo, Y., Zhang, K., Wang, Q., Li, Z., Yin, Y., Xu, Q., Duan, W., and Li, C. Neuroprotective effects of diallyl trisulfide in SOD1-G93A transgenic mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.Gupta, N.

and Porter, T. D.

Garlic and garlic-derived compounds inhibit human squalene monooxygenase.Hajheydari, Z., Jamshidi, M., Akbari, J., and Mohammadpour, R. Combination of topical garlic gel and betamethasone valerate cream in the treatment of localized alopecia areata: a double-blind randomized controlled study.Effect of milk on the deodorization of malodorous breath after garlic ingestion.Hansson LE, Nyren O, and Bergstrom R. Diet and risk of gastric cancer: a population-based case-control study in Sweden.Harenberg, J., Giese, C., and Zimmermann, R.

Effect of dried garlic on blood coagulation, fibrinolysis, platelet aggregation and serum cholesterol levels in patients with hyperlipoproteinemia.Hasani-Ranjbar, S., Larijani, B., and Abdollahi, M. A systematic review of the potential herbal sources of future drugs effective in oxidant-related diseases.Hasani-Ranjbar, S., Nayebi, N., Moradi, L., Mehri, A., Larijani, B., and Abdollahi, M.

The efficacy and safety of herbal medicines used in the treatment of hyperlipidemia; a systematic review.Hassan, Z. M., Yaraee, R., Zare, N., Ghazanfari, T., Sarraf Nejad, A.

H., and Nazori, B. Immunomodulatory affect of R10 fraction of garlic extract on natural killer activity.Helen, A., Krishnakumar, K., Vijayammal, P.

L., and Augusti, K. T. A comparative study of antioxidants S-allyl cysteine sulfoxide and vitamin E on the damages induced by nicotine in rats.Henning, S.

M., Zhang, Y., Seeram, N. P., Lee, R.

P., Wang, P., Bowerman, S., and Heber, D. Antioxidant capacity and phytochemical content of herbs and spices in dry, fresh and blended herb paste form.Higashikawa, F., Noda, M., Awaya, T., Ushijima, M., and Sugiyama, M. Reduction of serum lipids by the intake of the extract of garlic fermented with Monascus pilosus: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.Hikino, H., Tohkin, M., Kiso, Y., Namiki, T., Nishimura, S., and Takeyama, K.

Antihepatotoxic actions of Allium sativum bulbs.Hiltunen, R., Josling, P. D., and James, M. H.

Preventing airborne infection with an intranasal cellulose powder formulation (Nasaleze travel).Hirsch, K., Danilenko, M., Giat, J., Miron, T., Rabinkov, A., Wilchek, M., Mirelman, D., Levy, J., and Sharoni, Y.Effect of purified allicin, the major ingredient of freshly crushed garlic, on cancer cell proliferation.Hsu, C. C., Huang, C.

N., Hung, Y. C., and Yin, M. C. Five cysteine-containing compounds have antioxidative activity in Balb/cA mice.Hu, J., Nyren, O., Wolk, A., Bergstrom, R., Yuen, J., Adami, H.

O., Guo, L., Li, H., Huang, G., Xu, X., and .Hughes BG, Murray BK, North JA, and et al. Antiviral constituents from Allium sativum.Hughes, T.

M., Varma, S., and Stone, N. M.

Occupational contact dermatitis from a garlic and herb mixture.Hurley, M. N., Forrester, D.

L., and Smyth, A. R. Antibiotic adjuvant therapy for pulmonary infection in cystic fibrosis.Hussain, S. P., Jannu, L.

N., and Rao, A. R.

Chemopreventive action of garlic on methylcholanthrene-induced carcinogenesis in the uterine cervix of mice.Huynh F, Fowkes C, and Tejani A. Garlic for the prevention of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertensive patients.Aged garlic extract and its constituents inhibit Cu2+ -induced oxidative modification of low density lipoprotein.Ishikawa, H., Saeki, T., Otani, T., Suzuki, T., Shimozuma, K., Nishino, H., Fukuda, S., and Morimoto, K. Aged garlic extract prevents a decline of NK cell number and activity in patients with advanced cancer.Jabbari, A., Argani, H., Ghorbanihaghjo, A., and Mahdavi, R.

Comparison between swallowing and chewing of garlic on levels of serum lipids, cyclosporine, creatinine and lipid peroxidation in Renal Transplant Recipients.Jain, R. C.

Effect of garlic on serum lipids, coagulability and fibrinolytic activity of blood.Garlic for peripheral arterial occlusive disease (Cochrane Review).Kabasakal, L., Sehirli, O., Cetinel, S., Cikler, E., Gedik, N., and Sener, G. Protective effect of aqueous garlic extract against renal ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats.Kandziora J.

Blutdruck and lipidsenkende Wirkung eines Knoblauch-praparates in kombination mit einem Diuretikum.Kannar D. Clinical evaluation of Australian based garlic and its combination with inulin in mild and moderate hyperlipidaemia [dissertation] .Kannar, D., Wattanapenpaiboon, N., Savige, G.

S., and Wahlqvist, M. L. Hypocholesterolemic effect of an enteric-coated garlic supplement.Keiss, H.

P., Dirsch, V. M., Hartung, T., Haffner, T., Trueman, L., Auger, J., Kahane, R., and Vollmar, A. M. Garlic (Allium sativum L.) modulates cytokine expression in lipopolysaccharide-activated human blood thereby inhibiting NF-kappaB activity.Khodavandi, A., Alizadeh, F., Harmal, N. S., Sidik, S. M., Othman, F., Sekawi, Z., Jahromi, M.

A., Ng, K. P., and Chong, P. P. Comparison between efficacy of allicin and fluconazole against Candida albicans in vitro and in a systemic candidiasis mouse model.Kianoush, S., Balali-Mood, M., Mousavi, S.

R., Moradi, V., Sadeghi, M., Dadpour, B., Rajabi, O., and Shakeri, M. T.

Comparison of therapeutic effects of garlic and d-Penicillamine in patients with chronic occupational lead poisoning.Effects of garlic on blood fluidity and fibrinolytic activity: a randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind study.Kim, J. Y.

and Kwon, O. Garlic intake and cancer risk: an analysis using the Food and Drug Administration's evidence-based review system for the scientific evaluation of health claims.Knox, J.

and Gaster, B. Dietary supplements for the prevention and treatment of coronary artery disease.Kockar, C., Ozturk, M., and Bavbek, N. Helicobacter pylori eradication with beta carotene, ascorbic acid and allicin.Kojuri, J., Vosoughi, A.

R., and Akrami, M. Effects of anethum graveolens and garlic on lipid profile in hyperlipidemic patients.Koscielny, J., Schmitt, R., Radtke, H., Latza, R., and Kiesewetter, H.

Garlic study vindicated by official investigation.Ku DD, Abdel-Razek TT, Dai J, and et al. Mechanisms of garlic induced pulmonary vasorelaxation: role of allicin.Kumar, M.

and Berwal, J. S. Sensitivity of food pathogens to garlic (Allium sativum).Treatment of venous ulcers with the herbal-based ointment Herbadermal(R): a prospective non-randomized pilot study.Kweon, S., Park, K. A., and Choi, H. Chemopreventive effect of garlic powder diet in diethylnitrosamine-induced rat hepatocarcinogenesis.Laing, M. E., Barry, J., Buckley, A.

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Immediate and delayed hypersensitivity reactions to food and latex in a chef.Larijani, V. N., Ahmadi, N., Zeb, I., Khan, F., Flores, F., and Budoff, M. Beneficial effects of aged garlic extract and coenzyme Q10 on vascular elasticity and endothelial function: the FAITH randomized clinical trial.Lash, J. P., Cardoso, L. R., Mesler, P. M., Walczak, D.

A., and Pollak, R. The effect of garlic on hypercholesterolemia in renal transplant patients.The effect of garlic oil on lipid peroxidation and blood cell counts of arsenic exposed albino mice.Lau BH, Lam F, Wang-Cheng R, and et al.

Effect of odor-modified garlic preparation on blood lipids.Leelarungrayub, N., Rattanapanone, V., Chanarat, N., and Gebicki, J. M. Quantitative evaluation of the antioxidant properties of garlic and shallot preparations.Lei, Y. P., Chen, H.

W., Sheen, L. Y., and Lii, C.

K. Diallyl disulfide and diallyl trisulfide suppress oxidized LDL-induced vascular cell adhesion molecule and E-selectin expression through protein kinase A- and B-dependent signaling pathways.Lembo, G., Balato, N., Patruno, C., Auricchio, L., and Ayala, F.

Allergic contact dermatitis due to garlic (Allium sativum).Levi, F., Franceschi, S., Negri, E., and La Vecchia, C. Dietary factors and the risk of endometrial cancer.Levi, F., La Vecchia, C., Gulie, C., and Negri, E. Dietary factors and breast cancer risk in Vaud, Switzerland.Li, G., Shi, Z., Jia, H., Ju, J., Wang, X., Xia, Z., Qin, L., Ge, C., Xu, Y., Cheng, L., Chen, P., and Yuan, G.

A clinical investigation on garlicin injectio for treatment of unstable angina pectoris and its actions on plasma endothelin and blood sugar levels.An intervention study to prevent gastric cancer by micro-selenium and large dose of allitridum.Li, M., Ciu, J. R., Ye, Y., Min, J.

M., Zhang, L. H., Wang, K., Gares, M., Cros, J., Wright, M., and Leung-Tack, J. Antitumor activity of Z-ajoene, a natural compound purified from garlic: antimitotic and microtubule-interaction properties.Li, M., Min, J. M., Cui, J. R., Zhang, L. H., Wang, K., Valette, A., Davrinche, C., Wright, M., and Leung-Tack, J.

Z-ajoene induces apoptosis of HL-60 cells: involvement of Bcl-2 cleavage.Lian Z, Jun-Ling M, and Wei-Dong L. A randomized multi-intervention trial to inhibit gastric cancer in Shandong (progress report).Lin, M.

C., Wang, E. J., Lee, C., Chin, K.

T., Liu, D., Chiu, J. F., and Kung, H. F.

Garlic inhibits microsomal triglyceride transfer protein gene expression in human liver and intestinal cell lines and in rat intestine.Effect of supplementation with garlic oil on activity of Th1 and Th2 lymphocytes from rats.Liu, L. and Yeh, Y.

Y. Inhibition of cholesterol biosynthesis by organosulfur compounds derived from garlic.Lohse, N., Kraghede, P. G., and Molbak, K. [Botulism an a 38-year-old man after ingestion of garlic in chilli oil].Lutomski J.

Klinische Untersuchungen zur therapeutischen Wirksamkeit von Ilha Rogoff Knobauchpillen mit Rutin.Ma, J. L., Zhang, L., Brown, L.

M., Li, J. Y., Shen, L., Pan, K.

F., Liu, W. D., Hu, Y., Han, Z. X., Crystal-Mansour, S., Pee, D., Blot, W. J., Fraumeni, J.

F., Jr., You, W. C., and Gail, M. H.

Fifteen-year effects of Helicobacter pylori, garlic, and vitamin treatments on gastric cancer incidence and mortality.Aged garlic extract attenuates gentamicin induced renal damage and oxidative stress in rats.Mansell P, Reckless PD, and Lloyd L. The effect of dried garlic powder tablets on serum lipids in non-insulin dependent diabetic patients.Marsh, C.

L., Torrey, R. R., Woolley, J. L., Barker, G. R., and Lau, B.

H. Superiority of intravesical immunotherapy with Corynebacterium parvum and Allium sativum in control of murine bladder cancer.Alternative medicine -- a randomized double blind placebo-controlled clinical trial of garlic in hypercholesterolemic children [white diamond suit] 661.McFadden, J. P., White, I. R., and Rycroft, R. J. Allergic contact dermatitis from garlic.Reduced allergy rates in atopic eczema to contact allergens used in both skin products and foods: atopy and the 'hapten-atopy hypothesis'.A pilot study to determine the effectiveness of garlic oil capsules in the treatment of dyspeptic patients with Helicobacter pylori.Effects of garlic powder tablets on patients with hyperlipdaemia in Canadian clinical practice.Millen, A.

E., Subar, A. F., Graubard, B. I., Peters, U., Hayes, R. B., Weissfeld, J. L., Yokochi, L. A., and Ziegler, R.

G. Fruit and vegetable intake and prevalence of colorectal adenoma in a cancer screening trial.Mirunalini S, Ramachandran CR, and Nagini S. Chemoprevention of experimental hamster buccal pouch carcinogenesis by garlic oil.Morioka, N., Sze, L.

L., Morton, D. L., and Irie, R.

F. A protein fraction from aged garlic extract enhances cytotoxicity and proliferation of human lymphocytes mediated by interleukin-2 and concanavalin A.Mukherjee, M., Das, A. S., Das, D., Mukherjee, S., Mitra, S., and Mitra, C. Effects of garlic oil on postmenopausal osteoporosis using ovariectomized rats: comparison with the effects of lovastatin and 17beta-estradiol.on intestinal transference of calcium and its possible correlation with preservation of skeletal health in an ovariectomized rat model of osteoporosis.Nagae, S., Ushijima, M., Hatono, S., Imai, J., Kasuga, S., Matsuura, H., Itakura, Y., and Higashi, Y. Pharmacokinetics of the garlic compound S-allylcysteine.Naganawa, R., Iwata, N., Ishikawa, K., Fukuda, H., Fujino, T., and Suzuki, A. Inhibition of microbial growth by ajoene, a sulfur-containing compound derived from garlic.Nagaraj, N.

S., Anilakumar, K. R., and Singh, O. V.

Diallyl disulfide causes caspase-dependent apoptosis in human cancer cells through a Bax-triggered mitochondrial pathway.Nahas, R. and Balla, A. Complementary and alternative medicine for prevention and treatment of the common cold.Nakagawa, S., Masamoto, K., Sumiyoshi, H., and Harada, H.

[Acute toxicity test of garlic extract].Nantz, M. P., Rowe, C.

A., Muller, C. E., Creasy, R. A., Stanilka, J.

M., and Percival, S. S. Supplementation with aged garlic extract improves both NK and gammadelta-T cell function and reduces the severity of cold and flu symptoms: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled nutrition intervention.Nishino, H., Iwashima, A., Itakura, Y., Matsuura, H., and Fuwa, T. Antitumor-promoting activity of garlic extracts.A comparative study on the effectiveness of garlic with clofibrate in the treatment of hyperlipidemia.Numagami, Y. and Ohnishi, S. T.

S-allylcysteine inhibits free radical production, lipid peroxidation and neuronal damage in rat brain ischemia.Oi, Y., Kawada, T., Shishido, C., Wada, K., Kominato, Y., Nishimura, S., Ariga, T., and Iwai, K. Allyl-containing sulfides in garlic increase uncoupling protein content in brown adipose tissue, and noradrenaline and adrenaline secretion in rats.Omurtag, G. Z., Guranlioglu, F.

D., Sehirli, O., Arbak, S., Uslu, B., Gedik, N., and Sener, G. Protective effect of aqueous garlic extract against naphthalene-induced oxidative stress in mice.Orekhov A and Tertov V. In vitro effect of garlic powder extract on lipid content in normal and atherosclerotic human aortic cells.Garlic powder tablets reduce atherogenicity of low density lipoprotein.Pai, S.

T. and Platt, M. W.

Antifungal effects of Allium sativum (garlic) extract against the Aspergillus species involved in otomycosis.Papageorgiou, C., Corbet, J. P., Menezes-Brandao, F., Pecegueiro, M., and Benezra, C. Allergic contact dermatitis to garlic (Allium sativum L.).Parastoui K, Ravanshad Sh Mostafavi H Setoudeh Maram E. Effects of garlic tablet on blood sugar, plasma lipids and blood pressure in type 2 diabetic patients with hyperlipidemia.Parish, R.

A., McIntire, S., and Heimbach, D. M.

Garlic burns: a naturopathic remedy gone awry.Pathak, A., Leger, P., Bagheri, H., Senard, J. M., Boccalon, H., and Montastruc, J. L. Garlic interaction with fluindione: a case report.Pedraza-Chaverri, J., Maldonado, P.

D., Medina-Campos, O. N., Olivares-Corichi, I.

M., Granados-Silvestre, M. A., Hernandez-Pando, R., and Ibarra-Rubio, M.

E. Garlic ameliorates gentamicin nephrotoxicity: relation to antioxidant enzymes.Effect of garlic on lipid profile and psychopathologic parameters in people with mild to moderate hypercholesterolemia.Pena, N., Auro, A., and Sumano, H. A comparative trial of garlic, its extract and ammonium-potassium tartrate as anthelmintics in carp.Phelps, S. and Harris, W.

S. Garlic supplementation and lipoprotein oxidation susceptibility.Pinto, J.

T. and Rivlin, R. S. Antiproliferative effects of allium derivatives from garlic.Pinto, J.

T., Qiao, C., Xing, J., Rivlin, R. S., Protomastro, M. L., Weissler, M.

L., Tao, Y., Thaler, H., and Heston, W. D.

Effects of garlic thioallyl derivatives on growth, glutathione concentration, and polyamine formation of human prostate carcinoma cells in culture.Pittler, M. H.

and Ernst, E. Complementary therapies for peripheral arterial disease: systematic review.Plengvidhya, C., Sitprija, S., Chinayon, S., Pasatrat, S., and Tankeyoon, M. Effects of spray dried garlic preparation on primary hyperlipoproteinemia.Effect of dietary garlic (Allium Sativum) on the blood pressure in humans--a pilot study.Rahmani M, Tabari AK, Niaki MRK, and et al.

Effect of dried garlic supplementation on blood lipids in mild and moderate hypercholesterolemic patients.Rahmy, T. R.

and Hemmaid, K. Z.

Prophylactic action of garlic on the histological and histochemical patterns of hepatic and gastric tissues in rats injected with a snake venom.Rajan, T. V., Hein, M., Porte, P., and Wikel, S.

A double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial of garlic as a mosquito repellant: a preliminary study.Rapp, A., Grohmann, G., Oelzner, P., Uehleke, B., and Uhlemann, C. [Does garlic influence rheologic properties and blood flow in progressive systemic sclerosis?].Razo-Rodriguez, A. C., Chirino, Y. I., Sanchez-Gonzalez, D. J., Martinez-Martinez, C. M., Cruz, C., and Pedraza-Chaverri, J.

Garlic powder ameliorates cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity and oxidative stress.Reinhart, K. M., Coleman, C. I., Teevan, C., Vachhani, P., and White, C. M.

Effects of garlic on blood pressure in patients with and without systolic hypertension: a meta-analysis.Ried, K., Frank, O. R., and Stocks, N. P.

Aged garlic extract lowers blood pressure in patients with treated but uncontrolled hypertension: a randomised controlled trial.Russell, J. E.

Chinese complementary therapy for stress causing bilateral chemical burns to the feet.Sabitha, P., Adhikari, P. M., Shenoy, S. M., Kamath, A., John, R., Prabhu, M.

V., Mohammed, S., Baliga, S., and Padmaja, U. Efficacy of garlic paste in oral candidiasis.Saleem, S., Ahmad, M., Ahmad, A.

S., Yousuf, S., Ansari, M. A., Khan, M. B., Ishrat, T., and Islam, F.

Behavioral and histologic neuroprotection of aqueous garlic extract after reversible focal cerebral ischemia.Salem, S., Salahi, M., Mohseni, M., Ahmadi, H., Mehrsai, A., Jahani, Y., and Pourmand, G. Major dietary factors and prostate cancer risk: a prospective multicenter case-control study.A. and Abasiyanik, F.

M. Does regular garlic intake affect the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori in asymptomatic subjects?Salman, H., Bergman, M., Bessler, H., Punsky, I., and Djaldetti, M.

Effect of a garlic derivative (alliin) on peripheral blood cell immune responses.Sanchez-Hernandez, M. C., Hernandez, M., Delgado, J., Guardia, P., Monteseirin, J., Bartolome, B., Palacios, R., Martinez, J., and Conde, J. Allergenic cross-reactivity in the Liliaceae family.Sandhu, D. K., Warraich, M.

K., and Singh, S. Sensitivity of yeasts isolated from cases of vaginitis to aqueous extracts of garlic.Effect of garlic (Allium sativum) on lipid peroxidation in experimental myocardial infarction in rats.Sarrell, E.

M., Cohen, H. A., and Kahan, E. Naturopathic treatment for ear pain in children.Seuri, M., Taivanen, A., Ruoppi, P., and Tukiainen, H. Three cases of occupational asthma and rhinitis caused by garlic.Shakeel, M., Trinidade, A., McCluney, N., and Clive, B. Complementary and alternative medicine in epistaxis: a point worth considering during the patient's history.Sheela, C. G.

and Augusti, K. T.

Antidiabetic effects of S-allyl cysteine sulphoxide isolated from garlic Allium sativum Linn.Shu, X. O., Zheng, W., Potischman, N., Brinton, L.

A., Hatch, M. C., Gao, Y. T., and Fraumeni, J. F., Jr.

A population-based case-control study of dietary factors and endometrial cancer in Shanghai, People's Republic of China.Siegel G. Long-term effect of garlic in preventing arteriosclerosis - results of two controlled clinical trials.The effects of garlic preparation against human tumour cell proliferation.B., Vinjamury, S.

P., Der-Martirosian, C., Kubik, E., Mishra, L. C., Shepard, N.

P., Singh, V. J., Meier, M., and Madhu, S. G. Ayurvedic and collateral herbal treatments for hyperlipidemia: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials and quasi-experimental designs.Sitprija, S., Plengvidhya, C., Kangkaya, V., Bhuvapanich, S., and Tunkayoon, M.

Garlic and diabetes mellitus phase II clinical trial.Smyth, A. R., Cifelli, P. M., Ortori, C.

A., Righetti, K., Lewis, S., Erskine, P., Holland, E. D., Givskov, M., Williams, P., Camara, M., Barrett, D. A., and Knox, A.

Garlic as an inhibitor of Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing in cystic fibrosis--a pilot randomized controlled trial.A., Andrianova, I. V., Demidova, O. N., Gorchakova, T., and Orekhov, A. N. Lipid-lowering effects of time-released garlic powder tablets in double-blinded placebo-controlled randomized study.A., Nedosugova, L. V., Filatova, L.

V., Balabolkin, M. I., Gorchakova, T.

V., and Orekhov, A. N. Metabolic effects of time-released garlic powder tablets in type 2 diabetes mellitus: the results of double-blinded placebo-controlled study.A., Prianishnikov, V.

V., Kunnova, L. M., Rabinovich, E.

A., and Orekhov, A. N. [Allicor efficacy in lowering the risk of ischemic heart disease in primary prophylaxis].A., Prianishnikov, V. V., Kunnova, L. M., Rabinovich, E. A., and Orekhov, A.

N. [Use of allicor to lower the risk of myocardial infarction].A., Prianishnikov, V.

V., Kunnova, L. M., Radinovich, E. A., and Orekhov, A.

N. [Reduction of cardiovascular risk in primary prophylaxy of coronary heart disease].A., Martirosyan, D.

M., and Orekhov, A. N.

The effects of time-released garlic powder tablets on multifunctional cardiovascular risk in patients with coronary artery disease.Soffar, S. A.

and Mokhtar, G. M. Evaluation of the antiparasitic effect of aqueous garlic (Allium sativum) extract in hymenolepiasis nana and giardiasis.Preecampisia [sic] is an important complication of pregnancy which can result in morbidity and mortality in mother, fetus and the neonate.Sparnins, V.

L., Barany, G., and Wattenberg, L. W.

Effects of organosulfur compounds from garlic and onions on benzo[a]pyrene-induced neoplasia and glutathione S-transferase activity in the mouse.St Louis, M. E., Peck, S.

H., Bowering, D., Morgan, G. B., Blatherwick, J., Banerjee, S., Kettyls, G.

D., Black, W. A., Milling, M.

E., Hauschild, A. H., and .Stabler, S. N., Tejani, A.

M., Huynh, F., and Fowkes, C. Garlic for the prevention of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertensive patients.Subramanian P, Sundaresan S, and Manivasagam T. Influence of garlic extract on temporal characteristics of lipid peroxidation products and antioxidants in tumor-bearing rats.Sumiyoshi, H., Kanezawa, A., Masamoto, K., Harada, H., Nakagami, S., Yokota, A., Nishikawa, M., and Nakagawa, S.

[Chronic toxicity test of garlic extract in rats].Sundaresan S and Subramanian P. Evaluation of chemopreventive potential of garlic extract on N-nitrosodiethylamine-induced hepatocarcinoma in rats.Z., Cai, S.

K., Hou, Y., Luo, Q. S., and Blot, W. J.

Dietary determinants of lung-cancer risk: results from a case-control study in Yunnan Province, China.Szybejko, J., Zukowski, A., and Herbec, R. [Unusual cause of obturation of the small intestine].Takeuchi, S., Matsuzaki, Y., Ikenaga, S., Nishikawa, Y., Kimura, K., Nakano, H., and Sawamura, D. Garlic-induced irritant contact dermatitis mimicking nail psoriasis.Tanaka, S., Haruma, K., Kunihiro, M., Nagata, S., Kitadai, Y., Manabe, N., Sumii, M., Yoshihara, M., Kajiyama, G., and Chayama, K. Effects of aged garlic extract (AGE) on colorectal adenomas: a double-blinded study.Tanaka, S., Haruma, K., Yoshihara, M., Kajiyama, G., Kira, K., Amagase, H., and Chayama, K. Aged garlic extract has potential suppressive effect on colorectal adenomas in humans.Tanamai, J., Veeramanomai, S., and Indrakosas, N. The efficacy of cholesterol-lowering action and side effects of garlic enteric coated tablets in man.Thabrew, M.

I., Samarawickrema, N. A., Chandrasena, L. G., and Jayasekera, S. Protection by garlic against adriamycin induced alterations in the oxido-reductive status of mouse red blood cells.Thamburan, S., Klaasen, J., Mabusela, W.

T., Cannon, J. F., Folk, W., and Johnson, Q.

Tulbaghia alliacea phytotherapy: a potential anti-infective remedy for candidiasis.The garlic-derived organosulfur component ajoene decreases basal cell carcinoma tumor size by inducing apoptosis.Mechanism of antioxidation, inhibiting carcinogenesis and modification of LDL of aged garlic extract.Pharmaceutical Care and Research (Yaoxue Fuwu Yu Yanjiu) (CHINA) 2002;2:122-124.Tsai PB, Harnack LJ, Anderson KE, and et al. Dietary intake of garlic and other Allium vegetables and breast cancer risk in a prospective study of postmenopausal women.Tsai, Y., Cole, L.

L., Davis, L. E., Lockwood, S.

J., Simmons, V., and Wild, G. C.

Antiviral properties of garlic: in vitro effects on influenza B, herpes simplex and coxsackie viruses.Tu, H. K., Pan, K.

F., Zhang, Y., Li, W. Q., Zhang, L., Ma, J. L., Li, J.

Y., and You, W. C. Manganese superoxide dismutase polymorphism and risk of gastric lesions, and its effects on chemoprevention in a Chinese population.Turner, B., Molgaard, C., and Marckmann, P.

Effect of garlic (Allium sativum) powder tablets on serum lipids, blood pressure and arterial stiffness in normo-lipidaemic volunteers: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.Tutakne, M. A., Satyanarayanan, G., Bhardwaj, J. R., and Sethi, I.

C. Sporotrichosis treated with garlic juice.Unnikrishnan, M. C., Soudamini, K. K., and Kuttan, R. Chemoprotection of garlic extract toward cyclophosphamide toxicity in mice.Unsal, A., Eroglu, M., Avci, A., Cimentepe, E., Guven, C., Derya, Balbay M., and Durak, I.Vaes, L. P.

and Chyka, P. A.

Interactions of warfarin with garlic, ginger, ginkgo, or ginseng: nature of the evidence.van der Walt, A., Lopata, A. L., Nieuwenhuizen, N. E., and Jeebhay, M.

F. Work-related allergy and asthma in spice mill workers - The impact of processing dried spices on IgE reactivity patterns.van Doorn, M.

B., Espirito Santo, S. M., Meijer, P., Kamerling, I.

M., Schoemaker, R. C., Dirsch, V., Vollmar, A., Haffner, T., Gebhardt, R., Cohen, A. F., Princen, H.

M., and Burggraaf, J.Effect of garlic powder on C-reactive protein and plasma lipids in overweight and smoking subjects.van Ketel, W. G. and de Haan, P. Occupational eczema from garlic and onion.Ventura P, Girola M, and Lattuada V. [Clinical evaluation and tolerability of a drug with garlic and hawthorn].Wang, B. H., Zuzel, K.

A., Rahman, K., and Billington, D. Protective effects of aged garlic extract against bromobenzene toxicity to precision cut rat liver slices.Wang, E.

J., Li, Y., Lin, M., Chen, L., Stein, A. P., Reuhl, K. R., and Yang, C.

S. Protective effects of garlic and related organosulfur compounds on acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity in mice.Wang, Y., Zhang, L., Moslehi, R., Ma, J., Pan, K., Zhou, T., Liu, W., Brown, L.

M., Hu, Y., Pee, D., Gail, M. H., and You, W.

Long-term garlic or micronutrient supplementation, but not anti-Helicobacter pylori therapy, increases serum folate or glutathione without affecting serum vitamin B-12 or homocysteine in a rural Chinese population.Wang, Z. Y., Boice, J. D., Jr., Wei, L.

X., Beebe, G. W., Zha, Y. R., Kaplan, M. M., Tao, Z. F., Maxon, H. R., III, Zhang, S.

Z., Schneider, A.Thyroid nodularity and chromosome aberrations among women in areas of high background radiation in China.Wargovich, M. J. Diallyl sulfide, a flavor component of garlic (Allium sativum), inhibits dimethylhydrazine-induced colon cancer.Wargovich, M. J., Uda, N., Woods, C., Velasco, M., and McKee, K. Allium vegetables: their role in the prevention of cancer.Aged garlic extract improves endothelial function in men with coronary artery disease.Wongmekiat, O. and Thamprasert, K.

Investigating the protective effects of aged garlic extract on cyclosporin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats.Xiao, D., Pinto, J. T., Soh, J.

W., Deguchi, A., Gundersen, G. G., Palazzo, A. F., Yoon, J. T., Shirin, H., and Weinstein, I.Induction of apoptosis by the garlic-derived compound S-allylmercaptocysteine (SAMC) is associated with microtubule depolymerization and c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase 1 activation.Xie, W.

and Du, L. Diabetes is an inflammatory disease: evidence from traditional Chinese medicines.Yoshikawa, K., Hadame, K., Saitoh, K., and Hijikata, T. Patch tests with common vegetables in hand dermatitis patients.Effect of aged garlic extract against methotrexate-induced damage to the small intestine in rats.Zamani, A., Vahidinia, A., and Ghannad, M.

S. The effect of garlic consumption on Th1/Th2 cytokines in phytohemagglutinin (PHA) activated rat spleen lymphocytes.Zeybek, A., Cikler, E., Saglam, B., Ercan, F., Cetinel, S., and Sener, G. Aqueous garlic extract inhibits protamine sulfate-induced bladder damage.Zhang, L., Gail, M. H., Wang, Y. Q., Brown, L. M., Pan, K.

F., Ma, J. L., Amagase, H., You, W.

C., and Moslehi, R. A randomized factorial study of the effects of long-term garlic and micronutrient supplementation and of 2-wk antibiotic treatment for Helicobacter pylori infection on serum cholesterol and lipoproteins.Z., and Li, B. Allitridum mimics effect of ischemic preconditioning by activation of protein kinase C. Acta Pharmacol.Sin.A randomized trial of the effects of garlic oil upon coronary heart disease risk factors in trained male runners.Zhang, Z. D., Li, Y., and Jiao, Z. K.

[Effect of local application of allicinvia gastroscopy on cell proliferation and apoptosis of progressive gastric carcinoma].Zheng, W., Blot, W. J., Shu, X. O., Diamond, E.

L., Gao, Y. T., Ji, B.

T., and Fraumeni, J. F., Jr. A population-based case-control study of cancers of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses in Shanghai.Zheng, W., Blot, W.

J., Shu, X. O., Gao, Y. T., Ji, B.

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F., Jr.Reduction in elevated blood lipids in hospitalised patients by a standardised garlic preparation.Ackermann RT, Mulrow CD, Ramirez G, et al. Garlic shows promise for improving some cardiovascular risk factors.Effect of garlic and fish-oil supplementation on serum lipid and lipoprotein concentrations in hypercholesterolemic men.Effect of garlic and fish-oil supplementation on serum lipid and lipoprotein concentrations in hypercholesterolemic men.Ali M, Bordia T, Mustafa T. Effect of raw versus boiled aqueous extract of garlic and onion on platelet aggregation.Ali M, Thomson M, Afzal M.

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How I Cured a UTI with Garlic!

When you open the door of the toilet, the bladder is already getting itself toned up for a big muscular effort to empty itself.After you have had a couple of vaginal births, or even just getting older and losing tone in your pelvic muscles, the problem can arise more easily.she may never have had to hold in her stomach, never had to worry about a bulging belly, and so the bigger girls have the advantage of having better abdominal and pelvic muscles, which helps their bladder control.Sometimes you drive into your driveway at home, have barely got the shopping bags out and the key in the door when already your bladder is starting to leak.Firstly there is the really common condition called stress incontinence, which the TV adverts are referring to as “light bladder leakage”!The bladder neck cannot hold up an amount of urine effectively if there is any additional pressure such as coughing, sneezing, jumping or running.This condition can be helped in some women by pelvic floor exercises, but the recently developed TVT or “sling” operation has been a blessing.Urge incontinence is more difficult to treat, and needs time and patience to train the bladder to hold more urine before hitting the “go” button and releasing it’s load!Or, the problem may be that the doctor, having assessed the UTI himself may have thought it unnecessary to send a sample to the laboratory, and simply made an educated guess at which antibiotic would be effective.Things went along well for some time until a young woman came in, heavily pregnant, with the dipstick in her urine showing a bad urinary infection, with blood, albumin and leukocytes all positive.She said she had cut up three cloves of garlic into tablet sized pieces and swallowed that amount three times a day.As a young doctor I can recall being very shocked to hear an old-style gynae say that neurotic women eventually develop mythical bladder symptoms but it was all in their minds! .

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