Political party in Canada.The Green Party of Canada (French: Parti vert du Canada) is a federal political party in Canada, founded in 1983 with a focus on green politics. The party's parliamentary leader is Elizabeth May, who previously served as party leader from 2006 to 2019.The party elected its first member of Parliament (MP), then-leader Elizabeth May, in the 2011 election.The Green Party is currently the only federal party with representation in the House of Commons whose leader is not an MP.There were only six Green candidates from Quebec in the 1993 election.Joan Russow years [ edit ].British Columbia's Joan Russow became leader of the Green Party of Canada on 13 April 1997. A small number of Greens who advocate the more cooperative approach to legislation objected to the rule not to hold cross-memberships, a tool they occasionally employed.In the 2000 federal election, the party fielded 111 candidates, up from 78 in 1997.Russow left the party in 2001 and later criticized the Green Party for not following their policies.During the 2004 federal election the Green Party of Canada became the fourth federal political party ever to run candidates in all the ridings.Momentum continued to build around the Green Party of Canada and in the 2006 federal election the Green Party again ran 308 candidates and increased its share of the popular vote to 4.5 percent, once again securing federal financing as a result.Arrival of Elizabeth May [ edit ].A leadership vote was held at the party's August 2006 convention.On 11 August 2010, 74% of Green Party members voted to hold a leadership review after the next election, instead of in August 2010, which was when May's four-year term as leader was set to end.Greens in Parliament [ edit ].On 2 May 2011, May became the first elected Green Party MP to sit in the House of Commons.In August 2014, party president-elect Paul Estrin published a blog post on the Green Party's website criticizing the actions of Hamas during the 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict.During the 2019 federal election, both May and Manly were re-elected while Jenica Atwin was elected in her New Brunswick riding of Fredericton, making her the third elected Green MP in the federal parliament, and the first Green MP outside of British Columbia.On 4 November 2019, May announced she would be stepping down as leader of the Green Party of Canada. A leadership election was held on 3 October 2020, and Toronto-based lawyer and activist Annamie Paul was elected to succeed Elizabeth May as Green Party leader.During the 2021 federal election, Mike Morrice was elected in Kitchener Centre, becoming the first Green MP elected in Ontario, and second Green MP outside of British Columbia, as well the former leader May was re-elected.Principles and policies [ edit ].Leadership [ edit ].Roberts ran as Green Party candidate in a Victoria, British Columbia, riding during the 2015 federal election and finished second.On 4 November 2019, May announced that effective that day, she would be stepping down as leader of the Party but remaining leader of the Parliamentary caucus, with deputy leader Jo-Ann Roberts assuming an interim leadership role.Party leaders [ edit ].Party parliamentary leaders [ edit ].Provincial and territorial parties [ edit ].While these parties and the Green Party of Canada share values and often supporters, they operate as independent entities and do not have common membership.Despite this, one member of the Northwest Territories Legislative Assembly is a member of the Federal Green Party despite being an Independent, Rylund Johnson of Yellowknife North. .
France's greens make strong grains in European Parliament vote
Three exit polls showed the French greens -- officially known as the European Ecologists and the Greens -- placing third behind the far-right and President Emmanuel Macron’s centrist party, winning about 13% of the vote.With Germany’s Greens coming second behind Chancellor Angela Merkel’s party in the election, the Greens across the EU are expected to hold up to 70 seats in the 751-seat European Parliament, giving them significant clout. .
The party cites four core values, namely ecological sustainability, social justice, grassroots democracy and peace and non-violence.Key people involved in these campaigns included Bob Brown and Christine Milne, who went on to contest and win seats in the Parliament of Tasmania and eventually form the Tasmanian Greens.The formation of the federal party in 1992 brought together over a dozen green groups, from state and local organisations, some of which had existed for 20 years.Margetts lost her seat in the 1998 federal election, leaving Brown as the sole Australian Greens senator.The Greens opposed the Howard Government's Pacific Solution of offshore processing for asylum seekers, and opposed the bipartisan offers of support to the US alliance and Afghanistan War by the government and Beazley Opposition in the aftermath of the 11 September terrorist attacks in 2001, describing the Afghanistan commitment as "warmongering".In the 2004 federal election the Australian Greens fielded candidates in every House of Representatives seat in Australia.This won them two additional Senate seats, taken by Christine Milne in Tasmania and Rachel Siewert in Western Australia, bringing the total to four.In 2009, the Greens sided with the Liberal Party to defeat Labor's emission trading scheme legislation.The 2010 federal election marked a high point for the Greens electorally with the party receiving its largest vote to date and sharing the balance of power.The new senators were Lee Rhiannon in New South Wales, Richard Di Natale in Victoria, Larissa Waters in Queensland, Rachel Siewert in Western Australia, Penny Wright in South Australia and Christine Milne in Tasmania. Almost two weeks after the election, the Greens agreed to support a Gillard Labor minority government on confidence and supply votes.On 24 February 2011, in a joint press conference of the "Climate Change Committee" – comprising the Government, Greens and two independent MPs – Prime Minister Gillard announced a plan to legislate for the introduction of a fixed price to be imposed on "carbon pollution" from 1 July 2012 The carbon price would be placed for three to five years before a full emissions trading scheme is implemented, under a blueprint agreed by a multi-party parliamentary committee.At the 2014 Australian Senate special election in Western Australia the Greens won in excess of a quota with the primary vote increasing from 9.5 to 15.6 percent, re-electing Scott Ludlam.In December 2015, the Greens struck a deal with the Coalition Government, passing a law requiring multinational private companies with a turnover over $200 million to disclose their tax arrangements and also making it mandatory for multinational companies with a global turnover of $1 billion or more to have to prepare "general purpose" financial statements, which disclose greater tax details than previously occurred in Australia. The following year the Coalition Government and the Greens agreed on a permanent 15% tax rate for backpackers, in exchange for a $100 million funding boost to environmental stewardship not-for-profit Landcare.The result was seen as disappointing, and caused internal divisions to flare up, with former Federal Leader Bob Brown calling upon Senator Lee Rhiannon to resign, citing the "need for renewal". Subsequently, Adam Bandt and Rachel Siewert were named as temporary co-deputy leaders until the arrival of Ludlam and Waters' replacements in Canberra.The party retained the federal electorate of Melbourne with Adam Bandt sitting at a 71.8% two-party preferred vote.Three key seats were targeted by the Greens in Victoria, including Kooyong, Higgins and Macnamara. Prominent barrister Julian Burnside, who stood for Kooyong, came close to unseating treasurer and deputy Liberal leader Josh Frydenberg, falling short by 5.7% in the two-party preferred vote. Bandt claimed that polling suggests a hung parliament is a likely outcome and the Greens would work with Labor to "kick the Liberals out and make the next government go further and faster on climate action, and make billionaires and mining corporations pay their fair share.The charter of the Australian Greens identifies four main pillars as the party's policy: "social justice", "sustainability", "grassroots democracy" and "peace and non-violence".Most notably, the party favours environmentalism, including expansion of recycling facilities; phasing out single-use plastics; conservation efforts; better water management; and addressing species extinction, habitat loss and deforestation in Australia. The Greens strongly support efforts to address climate change based on scientific evidence, by transitioning away from the burning of fossil fuels to renewable energy production in the next decade, as well as reintroducing a carbon price. In terms of agricultural policy, the party believes in phasing out caged egg production and sow stalls, instead favouring ethical farming practices.The Greens strongly support community-driven decision-making processes as a means by which soil and water degradation can be addressed. Support for farmers experiencing the effects of climate change through droughts, and soil and water degradation has been expressed by the Greens.On economic issues, the Greens oppose tax cuts that solely benefit the top bracket of income earners and lead to socioeconomic inequality and believe that all essential services need to be adequately funded to suit community needs; and argue for the recreation of a publicly-owned bank. The party supports the implementation of a Green New Deal, which entails investment in renewable energy technology and a revitalisation of Australian manufacturing, as economic stimulus.To support the transition to clean energy, the party calls for growth in lithium mining. The Greens have also proposed plans to boost jobs and apprenticeships in the construction of public housing units as further economic stimulus as well as to address rising homelessness in Australia.Green politicians have campaigned on free undergraduate university (for the first three years) and TAFE, paid for by ending tax avoidance and fossil fuel subsidies.All policies originating from this structure are subject to ratification by the members of the Australian Greens at National Conference.The various Australian states and territories have different electoral systems, all of which allow the Greens to gain representation.Three Greens have become ministers at the state/territory level: Nick McKim and Cassy O'Connor in Tasmania until 2014, and Shane Rattenbury in the ACT to the present.A variety of working groups have been established by the National Council, which are directly accessible to all Greens members.The Greens generally draw support from younger voters with higher than average educational attainment.Much like the Democrats, the Greens have a higher proportion of supporters who are university educated, under 40, identify as professionals in their field, are small business owners, and earn above the national average wage.For the 2015-2016 financial year, the top ten disclosed donors to the Greens were: Graeme Wood ($500,000), Duncan Turpie ($500,000), Electrical Trades Union of Australia ($320,000), Louise Crossley ($138,000), Anna Hackett ($100,000), Pater Investments ($100,000), Ruth Greble ($35,000), Minax Uriel Ptd Ltd ($39,800) and Chilla Bulbeck ($30,000). .
How Green-Party Success Is Reshaping Global Politics
Their entrance into mainstream politics, especially in Europe, gave them significant influence but revealed divisions over nonviolence, energy policy, and economics.Their entrance into mainstream politics, especially in Europe, gave them significant influence but revealed divisions over nonviolence, energy policy, and economics.Their entrance into mainstream politics, especially in Europe, gave them significant influence but revealed divisions over nonviolence, energy policy, and economics.Their entrance into mainstream politics, especially in Europe, gave them significant influence but revealed divisions over nonviolence, energy policy, and economics.With climate change a pressing issue and traditional parties losing support to various alternatives, greens are positioned to play a greater role than ever.Yet the movement remains divided over issues such as nuclear energy, military force, foreign policy, and cooperation with right-wing and populist parties.What is a green party?With greens poised to play the role of kingmaker in some of the world’s most influential countries, their choices could increasingly shape public policy and the future of democracy.Some observers say the health of democratic systems around the world is on the decline.In Europe, mainstream parties have been losing support for years.How did they develop?The “New Left” and student movements of 1968 broke with earlier forms of class-based worker organizing, preferring instead radical critiques of industrial civilization itself and utopian visions of life in harmony with nature.The West German greens contested nationwide in 1980, and then in 1983 became a full-fledged political force by entering parliament with twenty-seven seats.By the 1990s, greens were contesting, and often winning, seats at local, state, and national levels across Europe.As Wall explains, the early green parties in Western Europe saw themselves as vehicles for the broader protest movements led by the generation of ‘68—channeling activism, especially against the nuclear arms race and nuclear power but also against consumerism, greed, endless economic growth, and oppressive social norms.What role have they played in government?Europe.The 2000s and 2010s saw green parties increasingly break into the European mainstream.In New Zealand, home to what many consider the world’s first major green party, greens have won between 5 and 11 percent of the national vote since 1999, and in 2017, they entered the government for the first time.Canada’s greens first entered Parliament in 2011 with one seat, which increased to three after the 2019 elections.U.S. green parties have struggled at the national level: no green-party member has been elected to any federal office, and their best performance in a presidential election was Nader’s 2.7 percent of the popular vote in 2000.What are the major debates within global green parties?Other notable areas of debate among greens include:.Energy policy.Role of technology, globalization, and economic growth.Commitment to nonviolence.Role of the European Union.What’s next for green politics?With large and still growing majorities of people in Europe—and, increasingly, elsewhere—viewing climate change as a “major threat” to their nation, greens worldwide could be positioned to further grow their influence.
European Green Party
They held a congress in the spring of 1984 in Liège and set up a restructured European Green Coordination (EGC), with a secretariat provided by the Dutch Political Party of Radicals.The European Greens formed a loose confederal triangular structure with the autonomous GRAEL in parliament, the weak EGC as a supra-national co-ordinating body and the member parties.The position of the European Greens was also weakened by the principle of rotation which some member parties (Germany and the Netherlands) used, with their MEPs being replaced by another after serving half their term.This rotation technique originated with the German Greens to prevent their members being co-opted by the informal negotiation system within the Bundestag, but it served them badly within the European Parliament.In June 1993 the European Federation of Green Parties was formed by the members of the EGC in Kirkkonummi, Finland.In the 2014 European Parliament election the green candidates were José Bové and Ska Keller.After the economic crisis, the green parties have consolidated its presence in the local and regional level.Green mayors as Éric Piolle in Grenoble or Fritz Kuhn in Stuttgart are good examples.Femke Halsema became the second green mayor of a European capital city, Amsterdam, after Francesco Rutelli (Rome).Inés Sabanés and Célia Blauel are respectively members of the local governments of Madrid and Paris, being both responsible of the environment portfolio.Alexander Van der Bellen became the first green head of state in the world, representing Austria.The candidates for the 2019 European Parliament election, are Ska Keller and Bas Eickhout.In the year 2020 the European Greens achieves big gains in local elections throughout Europe, being elected green mayors in Lyon, Strasbourg, Besançon, Marseille or Bourdeaux among others in France and in capital city Dublin in Ireland as well as Aachen, Cologne or Bonn in Germany.Also green parties presence in national governments are the highest in history, being junior coalition parties in the governments of Sweden, Austria, Finland, Luxembourg, Belgium, Republic of Ireland, Spain, North Macedonia and Montenegro.The European Greens have committed themselves to the basic tenets of Green politics, such as environmental responsibility, individual freedom, inclusive democracy, diversity, social justice, gender equality, global sustainable development and non-violence.However, its relationship to the European Union and its institutions has changed dramatically and is still the subject of a lively debate.In its 1984 program, the European Greens advocated the formation of an alternative Europe, which would be neutral and decentralised.In this table one can see the results of the Greens for the six direct elections to the European Parliament, in terms of seats and votes.The council is responsible for political affairs between congresses and it decides over organizational matters, such as the election of committee, the application of members and observers and the statutes of the EGP.The council is responsible for political affairs between congresses and it decides over organizational matters, such as the election of committee, the application of members and observers and the statutes of the EGP.They are responsible for daily political affairs, execution of the council's decisions and the activities of the EGP office and staff.They are responsible for daily political affairs, execution of the council's decisions and the activities of the EGP office and staff.The reason was that De Grønne intended to co-operate with the People's Movement against the EU in the upcoming 2009 European elections, a national party which sits with the European United Left–Nordic Green Left parliamentary group instead of the Greens–European Free Alliance.The Green Left from Hungary withdrew its membership on 7 September 2015 because of financial reasons.On 10 November 2019, the Latvian Green Party was expelled from the EGP, due to its nationalist, anti-LGBT and anti-immigration views.Country Name MEPs (current) National MPs (current) Azerbaijan Green Party of Azerbaijan Not in EU n/a - defunct Russia Union of Greens of Russia Not in EU n/a - defunct.The EGP hosts a collection of networks that have specific special interest focus, including:. .
A quiet revolution sweeps Europe as Greens become a political
Instead, in all these cities Green parties won the highest number of votes, spearheading a continent-wide surge that looks likely to transform their political role within Europe.Coming top of the polls felt “alien” to Dublin’s new MEP Ciarán Cuffe, the first Green party representative the city has sent to Europe in two decades.“I was so heartened by the support for green issues,” he said.The Greens are part of a cohesive and powerful bloc in a newly fractured European parliament in a grouping with progressive regional and “pirate” parties of the European Free Alliance, together holding nearly 10% of votes.Although Britain was among the countries where they did well, if the UK does leave the EU the party’s proportion of votes will remain almost unchanged.Just a couple of years ago, polling suggested the Greens were likely to lose around half their seats in Brussels.“We are very happy about it but it also leaves us with a lot of responsibility; people didn’t vote for us just as a protest – it’s for policy,” said Terry Reintke, a German Green MEP, who described the surge as a “green wave”.People also voted for us in large numbers because we are also a very credible party on democracy, rule of law and human rights.But they are not a European-wide phenomenon like the populists are, they don’t really exist in central and eastern Europe,” said Sara Hobolt, professor of European politics at the London School of Economics.Eastern European groups are among the 30 national parties that make up the European Green party, and allies in the west hope they can help them and boost the group overall. .
Germany's political parties — what you need to know
Membership: CDU 400,000 (2020) CSU 140.000 (2019).But chancellor Angela Merkel has been the dominating political figure for the German conservatives.History: The CDU was founded in West Germany in 1950 in the aftermath of World War II as a gathering pool for all of Germany's Christian conservative voters.They have proposed a number of cuts that would mainly benefit high-income earners and want to cut corporate income tax from 15% to 10%.To solve the housing crisis the CDU/CSU wants to promote the construction of more than 1.5 million new homes in Germany by 2025 through tax relief and cutting bureaucracy, focusing on housing associations and the builders and owners of owner-occupied homes.They want to focus on trade, climate policy, and the fight against organized crime and terrorism with their traditional partners: Europe and the United States.Social Democratic Party (SPD).Voters: The SPD has traditionally been the party of the working classes and the trade unions.Like the CDU it has an ageing voter base.History: The SPD was founded in 1875, making it Germany's oldest political party.Altogether, the party has been part of the German government for 34 of the 67 years of the Federal Republic and led governing coalitions for 21 of those.It was behind some of Merkel's most significant social reform policies during her grand coalition government from 2013 to 2021.Platform: The SPD's core issue has always been social policy: It pushed through the current minimum wage of 9.35€ and wants it increased to 12€ ($14), it wants to introduce a minimum old-age pension to be topped up with additional state revenue.Most preferred coalition partners: Green Party.Green leaders Baerbock and Habeck have benefited from the loss of support for the CDU and SPD.Green Party.Color: Green.Voters: The Greens rely heavily on the well-educated, urban demographic for their voter base — party strongholds tend to be major cities in western Germany, especially where universities are located.Green voters have become more affluent over the years, and the Greens struggle to attract voters from lower-income classes.The party became truly prominent in German politics between 1998 and 2005, its time as the junior coalition partner to Gerhard Schröder's SPD, and supplied his government with Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer.Platform: Personal freedom, and restricting the power of the state, have been the party's guiding principles.It has always campaigned for more tax cuts, rejects any tax increases and is opposed to a wealth tax, as well as the tightening of inheritance tax.".Most preferred coalition partner: CDU.Two women head the Left party: Susanne Hennig-Wellsow, a pragmatist from the East, and Janine Wisseler, a Marxist from western Germany.Voters: The Left Party's stronghold was traditionally in the former East, with former communists who supported the German Democratic Republic (GDR) and protest voters who want to express their disenchantment with traditional parties.History: Though it was only founded in 2007, the Left Party has a much longer history, and is still considered a direct descendant of the Socialist Unity Party (SED) that ruled the East German GDR until reunification with the West in 1990.Partly because of its association with the East German dictatorship, the Left remained a pariah for the other mainstream parties and has never been part of a federal government coalition — though it has some government experience at the state level.Platform: The Left is the only major German party that rejects military missions abroad.The Left Party rejects deportations, wants to dissolve the EU border protection agency, Frontex and demands asylum for poverty, environmental, and climate refugees.The AfD's Alice Weidel and Tino Chrupalla have emerged as the most prominent representatives of the AfD.Voters: The AfD has poached voters from all the other major parties except the Greens, and has simultaneously succeeded in mobilizing many non-voters.Since then, Germans have elected the AfD to the federal as well as every state parliament in regional elections as well as the European parliament.The AfD supports international organizations such as the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and NATO "for the time being," but considers both a threat to the "self-determination of peoples.". .
Green Party of Germany
Green Party of Germany, German Die Grünen, in full Alliance ’90/The Greens or German Bündnis ’90/Die Grünen, German environmentalist political party.It first won representation at the national level in 1983, and from 1998 to 2005 it formed a coalition government with the Social Democratic Party (SPD).In 2021 the Greens posted their best-ever performance in a federal election, claiming almost 15 percent of the vote.In 1985 the Greens entered a coalition government with the SPD in Hesse, and by the end of the 1980s the realists were clearly in ascendancy.In 1994 the party secured national representation, and in 1998 it assumed national political power as a junior coalition partner in the government headed by SPD leader Gerhard Schröder.Indeed, several Green members of parliament voted against the government on the issue of deploying troops in Afghanistan.In 2002 the Greens scored their biggest success to date, winning 8.6 percent of the vote; the party also continued its coalition government with the SPD.Although the CDU won the largest percentage of votes in Baden-Württemberg, it failed to capture enough to form a government, and the Greens claimed their first state government as the senior partners in a coalition with the SPD.Nevertheless, the Greens performed very strongly, capturing 14.8 percent of the vote and 118 seats in the Bundestag. .