Rabbits in the wild all over the world successfully consume a wide variety of plant material.Various types of dry and fresh grasses and plants with leaves comprise the largest portion of the wild rabbit diet.Rabbits will also eat bark on trees, tender twigs and sprouts, fruits, seeds and other nutritious foods in much small amounts.The majority of the house rabbit diet should be composed of grass hay (any variety).Eating hay promotes healthy teeth and gastrointestinal tract and should be available to your rabbit at all times.Fresh foods are also an important part of your rabbit’s diet and they provide additional nutrients as well as different textures and tastes, which are enriching for your friend as well.Fresh foods also provide more moisture in the diet, which is good for kidney and bladder function.The one most talked about with rabbits is oxalic acid and it is completely harmless to animals or humans when consumed in small amounts.The toxicity of oxalic acid comes with feeding large quantities of foods high in this chemical and can result in tingling of the skin, the mouth and damage to the kidneys over time.Rotating the greens will also give your bunny variety in taste, texture and general nutrition!You may know that dark green leafy vegetables and red peppers have more vitamin C per weight than citrus fruits!Foods that are notorious for causing rabbit GI problems when fed improperly are grains of any kind and legumes (beans, peas, etc).There has also been discussion about feeding vegetables that are goitrogenic in humans (causing a goiter) more notoriously those in the broccoli/cabbage family.One study done on rabbits indicated that it would take several weeks of exclusively feeding huge quantities of these foods to see any abnormalities in the blood.These foods are often higher in starch or sugars and should be fed in lesser amounts than the leafy greens.A good amount of “other” vegetables (non leafy greens) to feed your rabbit would be about 1 tablespoon per 2 lbs of body weight per day in one meal or divided into two or more.You also might choose to hand-feed the fruit portion of the diet as part of developing a close bond with your bunny and also to make sure he has an appetite every day.It is a great way to see if your bunny is feeling good when you observe if he takes his fruit treat every morning!When a plant would produce fruit, it is for a limited time and all the animals in the area would want to gobble these gems up quickly!This means that rabbits cannot limit themselves when given sugary or starchy foods if left to their own devices!Overfeeding fruits can result in a weight gain or GI upset so it is up to you to feed these foods in limited amounts.IMPORTANT: Before introducing any fresh foods to a rabbit it is best if he has been eating grass hay for a minimum of 2 weeks.The grass hay will help to get his GI tract motility and flora in good working order so that he will be able to accept new foods more easily.When introducing new fresh foods to any rabbit’s diet it is best to go slowly to allow the gastrointestinal tract and all its important microorganisms to adjust.All fresh foods regardless of the source should be washed or scrubbed (in the case of hard vegetables) before serving them to your rabbit.These foods should make up about 75% of the fresh portion of your rabbit’s diet (about 1 packed cup per 2 lbs of body weight per day).Others have found that kale fed in large amounts on a daily basis may contribute to bladder sludge and other health issues. .
Feeding Your Rabbit
If you introduce new foods too quickly, or feed inappropriate food choices, the rabbit's normal digestive flora (normal bacteria) will be disturbed, gas- and toxin-producing bacteria can overgrow, and the rabbit may become very sick and possibly die.Rabbits should have a daily diet of mostly hay, a smaller amount of fresh vegetables, and a limited number of pellets.While young, growing rabbits can eat any type of grass hay, alfalfa hay is not recommended for adult rabbits, as it is too rich in protein and too high in calcium.A pet rabbit's diet should be supplemented with a variety of leafy green vegetables every day.Young rabbits, under approximately 7-8 months old, should be fed alfalfa pellets and alfalfa hay free-choice; they need the extra protein and calcium as they grow.Rabbits should be fed and provided with fresh water daily; hay should always be available.The high sugar content in fruits (and even carrots) may upset the normal GI tract bacteria if given in excess.Fresh water should be available 24 hours a day.If you offer your rabbit water in a bowl, make sure the rabbit does not spill it in its cage or soil it with feces.Rabbits need to chew to maintain the health of their continuously growing teeth.These pellets serve as a rich source of nutrients for the rabbit, specifically protein and vitamins B and K. Most owners never observe this behavior, as it happens in the early hours of the morning.
What Can Bunnies Eat?
Contrary to popular belief, rabbits need to eat more than just carrots and lettuce.They require a balanced diet of hay, fresh veggies and fruit, and a few pellets.The bottom of a rabbit food pyramid would contain long-stemmed ﬁber, in the form of hay, which makes up 80 to 90 percent of a rabbit’s diet.As grazing animals, rabbits need to have an unlimited supply of fresh hay daily.Alfalfa hay is not a good choice for an adult rabbit, since it’s a legume, not a grass, and as such is too rich to be fed on a daily basis.Pellets: Feed a bunny small quantities.An average-sized (6-10 pounds) adult rabbit only needs one-quarter cup of pellets daily.Rabbits under one year old can be fed alfalfa pellets.Be sure to feed grass hay (rather than alfalfa) if you are feeding your young rabbit alfalfa pellets.Do not buy the rabbit pellets that have dried corn, nuts and seeds added, because those foods can potentially be very harmful for rabbits.Vegetables: A rabbit’s favorite foods.Rabbits count vegetables and herbs among their favorite foods.No more than two cups daily of fresh vegetables should be given to adult rabbits.Certain vegetables can be given every day, while others should be fed sparingly, one or two times a week.Do not feed your rabbit potatoes, corn, beans, seeds or nuts.Lettuces: romaine, green leaf, red leaf, Boston bibb, arugula, butter.Sprouts: alfalfa, radish, clover.Fruit: Give to a bunny once or twice per week.Fruit should be given to your bunny one or two times a week.Fruit to feed your rabbit (one or two times a week):.Treats: Feed to a rabbit sparingly.As with humans, treats are at the top of the food pyramid for bunnies and therefore should be fed sparingly.Avoid treats that include added sugar, preservatives and artificial coloring, and never give your rabbit human treats. .
What Are the Best Vegetables and Leafy ...
What Are the Best Vegetables and Leafy Greens for Rabbits?Thinking of a rabbit’s overall diet, the variety of greens and veggies available far outweighs different types of available hays and pellets.Like guinea pigs and chinchillas, about 70% of a rabbit’s diet should be high-quality grass hay paired with 20% species and age specific pelleted food, plus 8-10% greens and veggies.Every animal is an individual and unique in their nutritional needs, so it is always best to consult with your veterinarian to determine the best diet for your individual pet.General feeding recommendations are around 1 cup of dark, leafy greens per 2 pounds of a rabbit’s body weight daily.These greens and veggies can be offered all at once, but it is best divided into multiple daily feedings if possible, to provide more enrichment, interaction, and avoid rapid intake in a short period of time.The truly unique contribution of these dietary items, however, are the phytonutrients which are only found in plants.Leafy Greens Vegetables Leafy green lettuce (Romaine, butterhead, Bibb).Additionally, never introduce more than one new food item at a time.Some veggies and greens have specific nutritional factors that might determine if they are appropriate for your specific pet.For example, parsley, spinach, mustard greens, and Swiss chard should be fed sparingly or avoided for animals with a history of bladder issues as they are higher in calcium and oxalates than other greens and veggies.For others with particularly sensitive tummies, it should be considered that broccoli, brussels sprouts, and cabbage may cause some gastrointestinal discomfort (gas, bloating).Examples such as carrots and parsnips, which include a higher concentration of calories and simple carbohydrates, should be fed sparingly or only as a treat.These differences provide excellent mental and physical enrichment beyond even the nutritional benefits we have discussed.It is always important to do your research and consult with your vet before making dietary changes but providing a diversity and variety of appropriate greens and veggies can help keep you and your bun happy for years to come. .
What can rabbits eat? Rabbit diet myths
In fact, while carrots are suitable as an occasional treat, rabbits don't actually eat fruit or vegetable in the wild.A rabbit's main diet source should actually be hay, to keep their teeth and tummies healthy, and encourages foraging and grazing.Rabbits need mainly hay and/or grass, some leafy greens and a small, measured amount of pellets.Darker, more leafy and fibrous varieties (e.g. romaine lettuce) should be fed, as they are higher in fibre and actual nutrients.Rabbits can be fed small, measured amount of pellets/nuggets each day, ensuring they get all the vitamins and minerals they need.Eating lots of hay/grass helps wear down rabbits' constantly growing teeth and keeps tummies healthy.Our monthly newsletter is packed full of pet care advice, hints and tips on helping wildlife, our latest news, rehoming success stories and more.
Rabbit Food List: What Fruits and Vegetables Are Safe for Rabbits
What your rabbit eats can significantly impact her quality of life, so keeping your bunny happy means feeding her the right foods.Here’s a list of safe vegetables and fruits for rabbits, followed by those to avoid, to keep your furry friend healthy and happy.Make sure to wash all fruits and vegetables and remove seeds and stems before offering them to your pet rabbit. .
Fresh clean water 24/7.Ensure rabbits have constant access to fresh clean water.Good quality, fresh hay should be available at all times and, ideally, rabbits should have access to growing grass for grazing , or kiln-dried grass.Leafy greens daily.Feed a variety of greens daily , ideally 5-6 different types, such as cabbage/kale/broccoli/parsley/mint.Feed your rabbits a small amount of good quality pellets/nuggets daily.Don't feed any other treats as these may harm rabbits. .
What can rabbits eat? Hay, vegetables, fruit and water advice
Get a quote for £2,000 of vet fee cover | Insure up to 3 pets per policy | We've been insuring exotic pets since 1996 | Check out our customer reviews on Feefo.Get pet insurance that covers up to £15,000 in vet fees every year, including dental for illness and accidents with Bought By Many.Contents: How much hay should I feed my rabbit?| What is the best hay for my rabbit?| Can rabbits eat pellets?| What vegetables can rabbits eat?| What fruit can rabbits eat?| What foods are toxic to rabbits?| How much water does a rabbit need?However making sure you give your rabbit the right food is really important.We've listed what vegetables, fruit and herbs you can feed your rabbit, and we discuss the importance of hay.How much hay should I feed my rabbit?What's the best hay for my rabbit?Rabbits should eat mostly hay or grass.Eating hay and grass is better than eating dried food because rabbits need to grind the hay or grass between their back teeth.The hay contains fibre, which the gut needs to work hard to digest.This is an uncomfortable condition for rabbits where the digestive tract slows down or stops working.So keep feeding that hay!Check out What can Guinea Pigs eat?Can rabbits eat pellets?Ensure the pellets you buy are also high in fibre, which should be around 18%.You should feed your rabbit three different kinds of fresh vegetables a day.What vegetables can rabbits eat?Radish Greens and Roots.Salad greens and lettuce (not too many) and not iceberg lettuce.Apple leaves and twigs.Blackberry leaves.Strawberry greens.Raspberry leaves.What fruit can rabbits eat?Rabbits can eat the following fruit:.Only feed small quantities occasionally, as fruit is high in sugar.Some fruits such as oranges are also high in acid, which can cause stomach problems and mouth ulcers.Can rabbits eat pumpkin seeds and other seeds?What can rabbits not eat?Iceberg lettuce can be toxic in large quantities as it contains lactucarium, a substance that can be harmful for your rabbit.Don't feed your rabbit apple or pear seeds as these contain cyanide, and can be harmful for your rabbit.Don’t feed your rabbit the pits of apricot peaches and plums as these also contain cyanide.Your rabbit will also get water from the vegetables she eats, so if she's eating lots of these, don't be alarmed if she doesn't drink a lot of water as well.Hay should make up the majority of your rabbits diet - around 80-90%.Vegetables should also form an important part of your rabbit's diet - you should give her around three portions a day. .
Safe foods suitable for rabbits
Safe fruit, vegetables, herbs and plants suitable for rabbits.Rabbits love their food and enjoy fresh fruits and vegetables as part of a balanced diet.Rabbits, like humans are all different and as such some may be unable to tolerate certain foods.The first rule of feeding bunnies and their delicate tummies is: if in doubt - don't let them eat it!Rabbits have strong tastebuds and will try anything even if it's poisonous - it's up to you to protect them!Which vegetables can rabbits eat?Beetroot (care with leafy tops as high levels of oxalic acid) - can cause gas so limit.Broccoli (and its leaves, including purple sprouting varieties) - can cause gas so limit.Brussel Sprouts (leaves and sprouts) - can cause gas so limit.Cabbage (can sometimes cause digestive upsets) - can cause gas so limit.Carrots should be limited due to high sugar content.Which fruits can rabbits eat?Do not feed the pips, stones, plants etc of fruits unless otherwise stated, as most of the time they are poisonous!Blackberries (and leaves – excellent astringent properties).Raspberries (and leaves – excellent astringent properties).Wild garden herbs, weeds and flowers that rabbits can eat.Double-check which plants are in your garden before letting your bunnies loose!Clover (leaves and flowers).Nasturtium (leaves and flowers).You can see a list of some poisonous plants by clicking here. .