Rabbits in the wild all over the world successfully consume a wide variety of plant material.Various types of dry and fresh grasses and plants with leaves comprise the largest portion of the wild rabbit diet.Rabbits will also eat bark on trees, tender twigs and sprouts, fruits, seeds and other nutritious foods in much small amounts.The majority of the house rabbit diet should be composed of grass hay (any variety).Varying the type of grass hay or mixing hays is a great idea (such as timothy, orchard, oat hay, brome, etc).Most of the fresh vegetables we feed rabbits have a low to zero level of oxalic acid, but a few, most notably parsley, mustard greens and spinach have relatively high levels.The toxicity of oxalic acid comes with feeding large quantities of foods high in this chemical and can result in tingling of the skin, the mouth and damage to the kidneys over time.I recommend feeding a minimum of at least 3 types of leafy greens a day (and only one of them should be from the group listed above) Don’t feed the same greens all the time from week to week if possible, mix it up.For instance if you feed parsley this week, then leave it out of the diet for next week and use something else.You may know that dark green leafy vegetables and red peppers have more vitamin C per weight than citrus fruits!A rabbit’s GI tract is not the same as a human’s and many of the foods that may cause gas in a human do not cause gas in a rabbit.Even starchy root vegetables and fruits if fed to excess with their high load of sugars and starch could be a problem and should only be fed as a very small part of the diet.This is so far removed from normal feeding instructions for rabbits that there is no cause for concern in feeding these nutritious foods.Beyond leafy greens you can feed other vegetables such as root vegetables or “flowers” such as broccoli and cauliflower.These foods are often higher in starch or sugars and should be fed in lesser amounts than the leafy greens.A good amount of “other” vegetables (non leafy greens) to feed your rabbit would be about 1 tablespoon per 2 lbs of body weight per day in one meal or divided into two or more.Overfeeding fruits can result in a weight gain or GI upset so it is up to you to feed these foods in limited amounts.An approximate amount of fruit to feed your rabbit is a teaspoon per 2 lbs of body weight daily in one feeding or divided into multiple feedings.IMPORTANT: Before introducing any fresh foods to a rabbit it is best if he has been eating grass hay for a minimum of 2 weeks.It is rare for a rabbit that has been on a hay diet first, to have any problems using this method, but if you note softer stools that persist over a couple of days, then you might want to remove that food from your bunny’s diet.These foods should make up about 75% of the fresh portion of your rabbit’s diet (about 1 packed cup per 2 lbs of body weight per day).Leafy Greens I (need to be rotated due to oxalic acid content and only 1 out of three varieties of greens a day should be from this list).Leafy Greens II (low in oxalic acid).Kale (all types).Red or green lettuce.NOTE: unless otherwise stated it is more nutritious to leave the skin on the fruit (particularly if organic), just wash thoroughly.Cherries (any variety, without the pits). .
Feeding Your Rabbit
If you introduce new foods too quickly, or feed inappropriate food choices, the rabbit's normal digestive flora (normal bacteria) will be disturbed, gas- and toxin-producing bacteria can overgrow, and the rabbit may become very sick and possibly die.Rabbits should have a daily diet of mostly hay, a smaller amount of fresh vegetables, and a limited number of pellets.Unlimited, high-quality grass hay, such as Timothy, orchard or brome, should make up the bulk of a rabbit's diet.Grass hay is high in fiber, which is critical to maintaining a rabbit’s healthy digestive tract.A pet rabbit's diet should be supplemented with a variety of leafy green vegetables every day.Introduce new vegetables slowly and in small quantities, and monitor for soft feces, diarrhea, or signs of gas pain."Carrots should be fed sparingly, as they are very high in carbohydrate and may upset GI bacterial flora.".Other acceptable vegetables include broccoli, green peppers, Brussel sprouts, endive, wheat grass, radicchio, and squash.Carrots should be fed sparingly, as they are very high in carbohydrate and may upset GI bacterial flora.The high sugar content in fruits (and even carrots) may upset the normal GI tract bacteria if given in excess.These pellets serve as a rich source of nutrients for the rabbit, specifically protein and vitamins B and K. Most owners never observe this behavior, as it happens in the early hours of the morning. .
Fresh clean water 24/7.Ensure rabbits have constant access to fresh clean water.Good quality, fresh hay should be available at all times and, ideally, rabbits should have access to growing grass for grazing , or kiln-dried grass.Leafy greens daily.Feed a variety of greens daily , ideally 5-6 different types, such as cabbage/kale/broccoli/parsley/mint.Feed your rabbits a small amount of good quality pellets/nuggets daily.Don't feed any other treats as these may harm rabbits. .
What Can Bunnies Eat?
Contrary to popular belief, rabbits need to eat more than just carrots and lettuce.They require a balanced diet of hay, fresh veggies and fruit, and a few pellets.As grazing animals, rabbits need to have an unlimited supply of fresh hay daily.You can feed your bunnies either one type or a mixture of different grass hays.Buy the freshest hay possible and check for the presence of mold or dust, which could make your rabbit sick.Alfalfa hay is not a good choice for an adult rabbit, since it’s a legume, not a grass, and as such is too rich to be fed on a daily basis.Timothy hay pellets can be given to bunnies in small quantities.Rabbits larger than 10 pounds do not need more than a quarter of a cup, since it’s not a crucial part of a bunny’s diet.Most greens found in a supermarket are safe for rabbits, with a few limitations and exceptions.No more than two cups daily of fresh vegetables should be given to adult rabbits.Dwarf breeds and rabbits under five pounds should get just one cup of fresh veggies per day.Add one new vegetable at a time, and watch for signs of loose stool or diarrhea because, as mentioned above, bunnies have delicate digestive systems.Do not feed your rabbit potatoes, corn, beans, seeds or nuts.Herbs: basil, cilantro, dill, mint, oregano, parsley, rosemary, sage, thyme.Vegetables and plants to give sparingly (one or two times a week) to a bunny:.Flowers: calendula, chamomile, daylily, dianthus, English daisy, hibiscus, honeysuckle, marigold, nasturtium, pansy, rose.The appropriate serving is one to two tablespoons of fruit (either one kind or a mixture) per five pounds of body weight.As with humans, treats are at the top of the food pyramid for bunnies and therefore should be fed sparingly.Healthy treats for your bunny include small pieces of fresh or freeze-dried fruit (the approved fruits listed above); natural, unprocessed mixes that include hay and dried flowers (the approved flowers listed above); and Oxbow brand rabbit treats.Finally, rabbits need to stay hydrated, so they should have an unlimited supply of fresh water, which should be changed daily.Water bottles are not easy to clean and can be difficult for rabbits to use, so bowls are better.A heavy ceramic bowl is ideal, since it doesn’t tip over easily.About Best Friends Animal Society: A leader in the no-kill movement, Best Friends runs the nation's largest no-kill sanctuary for companion animals, as well as lifesaving programs in collaboration with thousands of partners nationwide working to Save Them All. .
What Are the Best Vegetables and Leafy ...
Greens and veggies are loaded with incredible nutrients such as vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, not to mention water that provides essential hydration to your little ones.Thus, these greens and veggies are a perfect way to diversify the diet and provide mental and nutritional enrichment to keep your bun interested at mealtime.Like guinea pigs and chinchillas, about 70% of a rabbit’s diet should be high-quality grass hay paired with 20% species and age specific pelleted food, plus 8-10% greens and veggies.Dark leafy greens should make up the majority of the latter category and fruits should be offered infrequently in very small amounts.General feeding recommendations are around 1 cup of dark, leafy greens per 2 pounds of a rabbit’s body weight daily.These greens and veggies can be offered all at once, but it is best divided into multiple daily feedings if possible, to provide more enrichment, interaction, and avoid rapid intake in a short period of time.Greens and veggies are excellent sources of vitamins A, B, C, and K, not to mention soluble fiber and trace minerals such as iron, manganese, copper, and zinc.There is not a known requirement for most phytonutrients, but they help to protect the body from stress, boost the immune system, and mitigate some issues commonly associated with aging animals (joint, skin/coat, disease).Gradual introduction of any new food item, especially greens and veggies, is important to avoid overwhelming and upsetting your bunny’s digestive tract.Start with very small amounts and slowly increase over time monitoring for any changes in attitude, appetite, or stool production.As we discussed above, all animals are unique and therefore it is always imperative that you factor your fur baby’s medical history into their dietary decisions.For others with particularly sensitive tummies, it should be considered that broccoli, brussels sprouts, and cabbage may cause some gastrointestinal discomfort (gas, bloating).Examples such as carrots and parsnips, which include a higher concentration of calories and simple carbohydrates, should be fed sparingly or only as a treat.Many greens and veggies may have similar nutritional compositions but can be quite unique in aroma, taste, and textures so experiment with different kinds to find varieties your pet likes!It is always important to do your research and consult with your vet before making dietary changes but providing a diversity and variety of appropriate greens and veggies can help keep you and your bun happy for years to come. .
What can rabbits eat? Hay, vegetables, fruit and water advice
Get pet insurance that covers up to £15,000 in vet fees every year, including dental for illness and accidents with Bought By Many.In fact around 2% of UK households own one according to the Pet Food Manufacturers Association (PFMA).With their soft fur, big black eyes, and long ears.We've listed what vegetables, fruit and herbs you can feed your rabbit, and we discuss the importance of hay.Hay or grass should form the majority of your rabbit’s diet around 80-90%, it should be clean and fresh, and always available.You should expect to see your furry friend munching hay for around six to eight hours a day according to the RSPCA.Alfalfa hay is the best kind for young rabbits up to seven months of age.However you shouldn't feed your rabbit Alfalfa hay as she gets older because the higher calcium content could lead to kidney and urinary problems.These are higher in fibre, which is an essential part of your furry friend's diet.Our sister company Bought By Many compares rabbit insurance providers on their website.Hay is so important because it contains fibre which helps to wears down your rabbit’s teeth, which grow continually at a rate of 2mm to 3mm a week.Dental problems like this can lead to mouth ulcers, difficulty eating, and a very sad rabbit.(In a situation like this, you'll need to see a vet - check out how ExoticDirect rabbit insurance can help with this).Hay is also vital in order to keep your rabbits gut working properly.The hay contains fibre, which the gut needs to work hard to digest.This is an uncomfortable condition for rabbits where the digestive tract slows down or stops working.Bacteria then builds up causing gas and bloating, further decreasing your rabbits appetite.Pellets are useful for younger rabbits when they need a diet that includes a concentration of nutrients in order to help aid growth.You should feed your rabbit three different kinds of fresh vegetables a day.Rabbits enjoy carrots, however feed them sparingly as they contain sugar.You must remove any seeds from the fruit, especially apples, where the pips are toxic.Only feed small quantities occasionally, as fruit is high in sugar.Some fruits such as oranges are also high in acid, which can cause stomach problems and mouth ulcers.Rabbits should only be given fruit occasionally as it's so high in sugar, that can lead to obesity or dental problems.Don't be tempted to give in when you see your rabbit tucking into a tasty piece of apple.Like with us and other food types, it may taste amazing, but it's not that good for us.. Just remember, moderation is the key.Find out what seeds and pits you should avoid feeding your rabbit.Potatoes, daffodils, tulips, rhubarb, lillies, mushrooms, avocado, broad beans, sweet peas, buttercup, kidney beans, jasmine, foxglove and iceberg lettuce.Iceberg lettuce can be toxic in large quantities as it contains lactucarium, a substance that can be harmful for your rabbit.In addition, light coloured lettuces contain mostly water, and offer little nutritional value.Don’t feed your rabbit the pits of apricot peaches and plums as these also contain cyanide.When grass is cut using a lawnmower, it passes near the hot engine of the mower.This heat triggers a fermentation process, that can be harmful for your rabbit’s tummy.A rabbit will drink around 10% of her body weight in water daily.You should ensure the water is clean and fresh, and supplied in either a bowl or a bottle.If she doesn't get enough water in her diet, then she could begin to suffer with dehydration and digestive issues.If you want to combine feeding time with stimulation, try hiding your rabbit's food underneath toys and inside empty toilet rolls.Vegetables should also form an important part of your rabbit's diet - you should give her around three portions a day.Water is an essential part of your rabbit's diet - it will help prevent dehydration, and keep her gut moving.You should provide a constant supply of clean, fresh water, changed daily.And along with this, lots of exercise should help to keep your rabbit happy and healthy for years to come. .
A cecotrope is a dropping produced and eaten by rabbits as a way to get the most nutrients out of their food.Types of Rabbit Foods to Feed Your Rabbit.The ideal diet for your rabbit should include all the hay he/she desires.Much more nutritious than the “lettuce” family of greens, these provide moisture, vitamins/minerals, fiber and energy for your rabbit’s health.Good choices include “Spring mix,” “Herb mix,” parsley, cilantro, tops of carrots or beets, mustard or dandelion greens.Items that should be fed in careful moderation include spinach, chard, the entire cabbage family (including kale, bok choy, broccoli, and cauliflower).Good veggie choices include carrot, squash and green beans.Good fruit choices include apple, peach/nectarine, papaya, pineapple, strawberry and other berries.These are much less healthy and can cause serious health problems.Legume/Alfalfa Hay and Grass Hay.Nutrients like vitamins, minerals, and proteins Hay also feeds the cecotropes Grass Hay is an essential part of your pet’s diet in most cases and is made from barley, rye, meadow, oat, timothy or Bermuda grasses.We recommend sun-dried hay which retains more nutrients than commercially dried hay.If you don’t have access to grass hay, legume hay is better than no hay at all, but you may want to limit the amount of hay to avoid GI problems or obesity.Green Foods.Providing your rabbit with green foods in its diet is equally essential as feeding your rabbit a sufficient amount of hay.Green foods provide more water-dense nutrition and a wider variety of micronutrients.Variety is important (we recommend a minimum variety of 3 different greens each serving) to provide a range of micronutrients and mental stimulation Leafy greens should comprise 75% of the fresh portion of your rabbit’s diet each day.Leafy greens should comprise 75% of the fresh portion of your rabbit’s diet each day A minimum of 1 packed cup of green foods per 2 pounds of body weight each day, at least.If your rabbit is eating hay as well, and seems like it needs more, feed liberally.With proper exercise, as long as your rabbit’s diet isn’t full of carbs or sugars, the rabbit can eat as much as it wants if it’s maintaining its weight and quality diet.).“What Green Foods Can I Feed My Rabbit?”.High Oxalic Acid Foods (One out of three varieties of greens from this list).High Oxalic Acid Foods (One out of three varieties of greens from this list) Mustard Greens.Mustard Greens Beet Greens.Turnip greens Spring greens.Carrot tops Dill leaves.Broccolini Broccoli (leaves and stems).“What Fruits Can I Feed My Rabbit?”.Papaya Melons (any variety, peel and seeds can be included).Melons (any variety, peel and seeds can be included) Apricot.Mango Apple (all kinds, no seeds or stems).Apple (all kinds, no seeds or stems) Berries (all types and uncooked).Never feed grain, cereal, bread or nuts to your rabbits as they can cause very severe health problems. .
Greens, Vegetables, and Fruits for Rabbits
We recommend feeding a rabbit 1 - 3 cups of leafy greens every day, along with unlimited timothy hay and a small amount of pellets.Other vegetables can be fed in small amounts, no more than 1 tablespon per 2 lbs of rabbit.Fruits should only be fed RARELY as treats.Here is a list of healthy produce options for your rabbit.For more detail information on our diet recommendations click here.feed 1-3 cups per day depending on the size of your rabbit.Fennel (the leafy tops as well as the base).no more than 1 tablespoon per 2 lbs of body weight per day).Edible flowers (roses, nasturtiums, pansies, hibiscus).no more than 1 teaspoon per 2 lbs of body weight per day.Apple (any variety, without stem and seeds).Banana (remove peel; no more than about 2 1/8 inch slices a day for a 5 lb rabbit…they LOVE this!).Melons (any – can include peel and seeds).NOTE: It is always preferable to buy organic produce if at all possible.If collecting wild foods such as dandelion greens, make sure they are from a pesticide-free area.All fresh foods regardless of the source should be washed or scrubbed (in the case of hard vegetables) before serving them to your rabbit.These foods should make up about 75% of the fresh portion of your rabbit’s diet (about 1 packed cup per 2 lbs of body weight per day).Leafy Greens I (need to be rotated due to oxalic acid content and only 1 out of three varieties of greens a day should be from this list).Leafy Greens II (low in oxalic acid).Fennel (the leafy tops as well as the base).These should be no more than about 15 % of the diet (About 1 tablespoon per 2 lbs of body weight per day).Edible flowers (roses, nasturtiums, pansies, hibiscus).These should be no more than 10% of the diet (about 1 teaspoon per 2 lbs of body weight per day).NOTE: unless otherwise stated it is more nutritious to leave the skin on the fruit (particularly if organic), just wash thoroughly.IF you are in doubt about the source of the fruit and you are concerned about chemicals in the skin, then remove it.Apple (any variety, without stem and seeds).Banana (remove peel; no more than about TWO 1/8 inch slices a day for a 5 lb rabbit).Melons (any – can include peel and seeds). .
Rabbit Greens and Vegetables
Each type of veggie will provide not only different nutrients, but also different chewing motions to aid with tooth grinding (rabbit teeth are constantly growing!).(Note – it is important that before introducing any fresh foods to your rabbit, it is best if she has been eating grass hay for a minimum of 2 weeks.The grass hay will help get her GI tract in good working order to be able to accept new foods more easily.).Rabbits have a sweet tooth and if left to their own devices will devour sugary foods to the exclusion of healthful ones. .
Rabbit Food List: What Fruits and Vegetables Are Safe for Rabbits
“We treat a lot of rabbits at Calder Vets, and most of the time, the problems we treat were caused by poor dietary choices,” Nicholson says.Here’s a list of safe vegetables and fruits for rabbits, followed by those to avoid, to keep your furry friend healthy and happy.Safe Fruits and Vegetables for Rabbits. .