Lettuce is adapted to cool growing conditions with the optimum temperatures for growth of 60 to 65°F.Soil moisture shortage rainfall will seriously stunt growth and head quality.These differences are the primary reasons some lettuce varieties can be grown in warmer climates.In the Piedmont, lettuce is intermediate in season and probably is best as a late spring and early fall crop.Butterhead and leaf types can stand even more heat and have a longer season of production.Head -- Strains of Ithaca, Salinas and Pennlake have performed best in North Carolina.-- Strains of Ithaca, Salinas and Pennlake have performed best in North Carolina Romaine/Cos -- Romulus, Signal and Medallion.Adequate nutrients and a continuous moisture supply are essential to vigorous growth.If soil potassium and phosphorous level is high, 500 to 600 lb of 10-20-20 equivalent per acre should be adequate.The decision of whether to apply the second sidedressing will have to be based on the appearance of the crop and the rate at which it is growing.If soil potassium and phosphorous level is high, 2 lb per 100 square feet of 10-10-10 should be adequate.The decision of whether to apply the second sidedressing will have to be based on the appearance of the crop and the rate at which it is growing.The method you choose will depend mostly on availability of transplants and the season in which you will grow the crop.Spring head lettuce often fails because it is planted too late, and for this reason you should consider transplants.Fall crop lettuce is most often started when the climatic conditions are hot and dry.In this period, direct seeding would be a good choice provided irrigation is constantly available until the plants are well established.StanHay (belt type) and Nibex seeders work well with coated seed.Even the seedlings will withstand short periods of freezing temperatures provided they are reasonably acclimatized.About 6 oz of seed and 300 square feet of bed space is needed to grow transplants for 1 acre.You can reduce transplant shock by avoiding too rapid growth and by hardening the plants.Home gardeners: Lettuce seed for transplants can be sown directly in a coldframe or hotbed, or they can be grown in plastic trays.The beds should be thoroughly watered the day before transplants are pulled so that minimum root damage will occur.Consult your Cooperative Extension agent regarding pest build-up, proper diagnosis, and control.Whole plants of leaf lettuce are often put in a plastic sleeve and sold 24 to 36 per fiber-board carton.Varieties -- Head : Strains of Great Lakes, Pennlake, Ithaca or Salinas; Leaf : Grand Rapids, Slobolt, Salad Bowl, Royal Green, Green Vision, Buttercrunch, Ermosa, Esmeralda, Ruby, Red Sails, Royal Red; Romaine/Cos : Signal, Romulus, Medallion, Parris Island.Find more information at the following NC State Extension websites: Horticulture Vegetable Production. .

The Gardener's Calendar: Plan Now for a Year-Round Harvest

Vegetables can be grown outside in most parts of the Carolinas from late winter through late fall.Since planting dates vary across the state, check with your local Cooperative Extension office to find out recommended dates for your location.If you want to start your own transplants of these crops, sow them in an unheated cold frame in January and February.It is safe to plant warm-season crops like cucumbers, tomatoes, southern peas, and lima beans outside after the last average frost date, which averages from late March on the coast to the end of April or later in the mountains.Tomato transplants for a fall crop can also be planted.Start broccoli, cauliflower, kale, collard, cabbage, lettuce, and spinach seeds in late summer and transplant into the garden in early fall, or purchase transplants from a garden center.October is the time to plant garlic from cloves and onion from seeds directly into the garden (September in the mountains and western Piedmont).Late summer planted cucumbers, squash, and tomatoes, as well as any peppers and eggplant that are still hanging on will continue to produce until frost. .

How to Grow Turnip Greens

Give your native soil a hand by mixing in several inches of aged compost or other rich organic matter.Leafy vegetables need consistent water to produce delicious, tender leaves; use a soaker hose or drip irrigation to keep plants happy and hydrated.Set out turnip green plants 2 to 4 weeks before the last frost in spring and from late August to October for a fall crop in most areas.Turnip greens don’t mind growing in small clumps as long as each little group has ample elbow room. .

Turnip & Mustard Greens Planting Time

Turnip & Mustard Greens Planting Time Home Guides.Roots grow best when temperatures are between 40 and 60 degrees Fahrenheit.Mustard Mustard greens (Brassica juncea), also known as Chinese mustard and Indian mustard, have a more peppery, tangy taste than turnip greens.Grow "Alltop" and "Seven Top" for greens; dual-purpose "Shogoin" gives greens in 30 days and turnips in 70 days. .

Ready For NC's 3rd Planting Season?

What You Need To Know Growing season is year-round in North Carolina!There are even some areas in the foothills and mountains that can get an early fall crop to grow as well.Leafy vegetables such as kale, collards, cabbage (early Jersey wakefield), lettuce, spinach, and Swiss chard all make great items to plant for this fall season.Garlic and shallots won't be harvested until next spring. .

When to Plant Vegetables in Raleigh, NC

Most tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, for example, require around 100 days to harvest, therefore you'd want to transplant those into the ground around July 20.Fall is the time to plant garlic.When the soil temperature is 60° at a depth of 4 inches, then plant your garlic. .


City Last Frost Date First Frost Date Cary 4/9 10/27 Charlotte 3/29 11/8 Durham 4/6 10/30 Fayetteville 3/28 11/4 Greensboro 4/9 10/30 Greenville 4/4 10/28 High Point 4/18 10/20 Raleigh 4/9 10/27 Wilmington 3/28 11/5 Winston-Salem 4/20 10/19. .

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