The report also focuses on treatments based on the latest scientific evidence, including the pros and cons of statins and other medications, and provides the lowdown on other substances advertised to lower cholesterol. .

Should You Eat Pomegranate During Pregnancy? Facts vs Myths

Pomegranate contains folic acid, which can help avoid neural tube defects, harming the foetus's spinal cord.Moreover, folic acid can also prevent birth flaws when a baby's lip or mouth do not form properly during pregnancy.Pomegranate is one such fruit that doctors and nutritionists strongly recommend during pregnancy as it is an excellent sourced of nutrition and antioxidants.In addition, it is an excellent source of energy, improves gut health and overall digestion.Studies also suggest that drinking pomegranate juice may help to decrease the risk of injury to the placenta.Pomegranates are filled with antioxidants and fibre, which helps balance the digestive system and prevent constipation and other problems.It helps with digestion, improves your gut health, energy levels and even decreases the risk of injury to the placenta. .

June 2021 Diet & Digestive Health (DDHChat) Twitter Chat with

Welcome to our June #DDHChat on Different Types of Fiber with lead host Nancee Jaffe, MS, RDN.Dietary fiber can be found in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, seeds and legumes can even help prevent or relieve constipation.During the next hour, we’ll discuss the different types of fiber, its importance to our health and tips to increase your daily intake.We’re joined today by registered dietitian Nancee Jaffe, MS, RDN to share her unique insights on the Different Types of Fiber.Nancee Jaffe, MS, RDN: According to the Institutes of Medicine (Twitter Handle – @theIOM), fiber is defined as a carbohydrate that is not broken down or absorbed in the upper part of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.Different types of fiber can have a big impact on the frequency and form of our bowel movements and might help encourage a healthy gut microbiome.Nancee Jaffe, MS, RDN: Fiber plays many roles in the body, including normalizing and maintaining healthy bowel movements, lowering cholesterol (both total and LDL), managing blood sugar levels, preventing cardiovascular disease and cancer, and maintaining or achieving healthy body weight.Nancee Jaffe, MS, RDN: Fiber is found in plants – some good sources include; whole grains, fruits, vegetables, beans, legumes, nuts, and seeds.Nonviscous soluble fibers help encourage a healthy gut microbiome by acting as fuel for colonic bacteria.Examples of foods high in soluble fiber are stone fruits (nectarines, peaches, apricots), avocado, banana, zucchini, instant oats and onions #DDHChat.Nancee Jaffe, MS, RDN: Insoluble fiber, as the name implies, is not able to absorb or hold water.Instead, insoluble fiber acts like a scrubber brush that gently scrapes and scratches as it moves through the GI tract.Another important characteristic of fiber is viscosity – the state of being thick, sticky and semifluid in consistency (aka, it forms a gel).Both can we helpful for constipation as they increase stool weight and exert a laxative effect by speeding transit time.Nancee Jaffe, MS, RDN: Inulin is a category of prebiotic fiber that includes oligofructose.Inulin and oligofructose are present as plant storage carbohydrates in a number of foods including wheat, onion, bananas, and garlic.Health benefits of Bifidobacteria include inhibiting growth of “bad” bacteria, stimulating immunity and aiding in the creation of certain B vitamins.Unlike some other prebiotic fibers, the slow rate of fermentation for resistant starches means they create less gas and can help increase stool weight which is great for constipation.One of the best health benefits of resistant starch is it feeds the good bacteria in the gut and increases the production of short-chain fatty acids or SCFA.Nancee Jaffe, MS, RDN: Sprinkle chia, flax and hemp seeds on morning oatmeal, yogurt or even on the occasional scoop of ice cream.Consider a taco night which incorporates lots of shredded fiber-rich vegetables (cabbage, tomato, lettuce, bell peppers, jicama, radish) and beans for protein.Remember that fiber comes in many different forms, it is important to work with your healthcare provider to find what helps you with your specific GI needs.To learn more about fiber and other topics from this month’s lead host Nancee Jaffe, MS, RDN follow her twitter at @NanceeJaffeRDN #DDHChat. .

Egusi: Amazing health benefits of Melon

Then the chaffs obtained during the oil extraction of egusi seeds can be used for making a snack called fried cake.Due to its high oil content, egusi seeds can be used for making margarine, butter and animal feed.A study reveals that the methanol extract of egusi significantly inhibited serotonin, carrageenan and prostaglandin which helps fight inflammation.The study aimed to develop a standardisation protocol for the anti-arthritic effects of the extract that contains cucurbitacin glycoside and quercetin.Oil extracted from egusi seeds can be used for producing local soap and pomade for dermatological care. .

Effects of gamma radiation in okra's conservation

After 1 day of okras’s harvest, they were selected based in the size, presence of mechanical and phytophatologycal damages, and put in polystyrene trays and covered with thin polyethylene film.There are approximately 30 different varieties of okra (A. esculentus), being all of them results from crossbreeding and these plants grow (up to 2.5 m in height) preferentially in warm; fertile; humid and clay soil environments.Are supposed that the okra was originated in tropical Africa, although there are other hypotheses, such as Egypt, where the Nile River could have provided the plant’s development and it was brought to Brazil through the slave trade.2 Nowadays it is cultivated mainly in Asia, the Middle East and the South of the USA.3–5.Okra is a very common vegetable on people dishes around the world and it is generally consumed cooked and its consumption brings a lot of benefits, once it is a source of mineral salts, carbohydrates, proteins and vitamins, in addition to contributing to the proper functioning of the digestive system by presenting long-chain polysaccharides .1 It has several medicinal properties, among which stand out the anti-diabetic and antioxidant action of powdered husks and seeds, based on studies with rats,6 and action in cholesterol reducing.1.About its benefits, okra is a vegetable that also has a great source of hydrophilic polysaccharides, called mucilage, which form a viscous solution with water and is known commercially as hydrocolloid because of this property.And its mineral salts, such as Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron and Copper help in the formation of bones, teeth, blood, in addition to providing energy for the whole body.It is also a rich source of antioxidant vitamins A and C and potassium, which is an electrolyte that maintains the balance of fluids in the body and helps to transmit nerve impulses, in addition it is necessary for muscle exercise and metabolism.The irradiation applied to fruits and vegetables in the post-harvest has as main objective the reduction of the damages caused by diseases and pests, acting as an alternative method to the chemical products.

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Peptides from Pisum sativum L. enzymatic protein digest with anti

By hemagglutination assay and semiquantitative dot blot overlay assay with immobilized ligands it was shown that F3 interacts specifically with H. pylori adhesins BabA, SabA, HpaA and a fibronectin-binding adhesin, while S3 and S5 inhibit only BabA.

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TSWJ The Scientific World Journal 1537-744X The Scientific World

Research on the chemical composition of both seed and oil for Brazilian Okra in South America is still incipient.In this study, flour and oil from organic Okra seeds ( Abelmoschus esculentus L Moench), grown in northeastern Brazil were analyzed.The objective of this work was to determine the chemical composition of whole organic grain Okra seeds grown in Northeastern Brazil, obtaining and characterizing nutritional value, and the oil’s oxidation temperature.Vegetable oils have high amounts of unsaturated fatty acid chains yet no trans fats or cholesterol.In recent years, the nutritional value of various unconventional foods has been evaluated, and as a result the seeds of many plant species have become alternative lipid sources for human consumption [ 2 , 3 ].Among the plants used for vegetable oils, Okra ( Abelmoschus esculentus (L) Moench, or Hibiscus esculentus Malvaceae) [ 4 ], originating in Africa, and traditionally grown in tropical regions, stands out for its rapid growth cycle, easy cultivation, resistance to pests, high yields, and high nutritional value [ 5 ].For the analysis of fatty chains in the oil, a derivation process from triglycerides to methyl esters was carried out according to methodology proposed by Hartman (1973) [ 19 ], for subsequent injection into the chromatograph.The seeds were manually removed from ripe fruit, dried at 40°C, selected and milled in a Willey-type electric mill to obtain a fine flour, then submitted to proximate analysis of moisture (weight loss on drying), ash (waste by incineration), lipids (direct extraction in Soxhlet), and of protein (Kjeldahl digestion) [ 16 ].The values found for macromolecules of incontestable worth in the diet, proteins (22.14%), and lipids (14.01%), were similar for Okras from the Middle East [ 20 ] and from Central America [ 21 ].Its value represents the total content of hydroperoxides and is one of the most common indicators of the fats and oils quality during production and storage [ 22 ].The results showed similar compositions for Okra oils grown in Central America, yet they were different from those cultivated in India, in which linoleic acid content is quite low.Table 2 Percentage composition of fatty chains present in Okra seed oil obtained by GC/EM methodology.Fatty acid Composition of Okra seed lipids (%) Present study (Savello, 1980) (Al-Wandawi, 1983) Myristic (C14 : 0) 0.19 0.24 0.30 Palmitic (C16 : 0) 28.74 33.72 39.14 Palmitoleic (C16 : 1) 0.31 0.56 — Estearic (C18 : 0) 4.12 3.28 4.19 Oleic (C18 : 1) 20.38 17.88 55.92 Linoleic (C18 : 2) 44.48 42.15 0.10 Nonadecenoic (C19 : 1) 1.15 — — Eicosanoic (C20 : 0) 0.40 — 0.36 Docosanoic (C22 : 0) 0.22 0.16 — Others — 5.29 —.The infrared spectrometry (IR) spectrum of organic Okra seed oil (OSQ) is shown in Figure 2 .Starting with the high field signals, a multiplet corresponds to the end methyls of the fatty chains in δ = 0.88–0.78.The signal in δ = 2.79–2.73 is characteristic of bisallylic hydrogens, appearing at low field due to the demasking effect of two adjacent unsaturations present in the linoleic fatty chain.The most characteristic signals of triglycerides in H1NMR spectra appeared at δ = 4.32–4.08 in the form of a double doublet, referring to hydrogens H-1 and H-3 of the glycerin portion.Signal Displacement δ (ppm) Multiplicity* Functional group A 0.88–0.78 m –CH 3 (saturated) B 1.27–1.25 m –(CH 2 ) n – (fatty chain) C 1.60–1.40 m –CH 2 ( β to carbonyl) D 2.05–1.98 m –CH 2 (allylic) E 2.34–2.27 t –CH 2 ( α to carbonyl) F 2.79–2.73 t –CH 2 (bis-allylic) G 4.32–4.08 ddd –CH 2 (glycerine) H 5.09–5.36 m –CH (vinylic) e –CH (glycerine) *Multiplicity: doublet (d), double doublet (ddd), triplet (t), and multiplet (m).Susceptibility to autoxidation is related to several factors, light, heat, oxygen, and metals exposure, yet the fatty chain structure is one of the most important.Recent studies with fatty acid esters patterns, when submitted to PDSC analysis in dynamic mode [ 14 ], show the influence of length, ester content and group type, fatty chains orientation, and the location of double bonds on oxidative stability. .

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