Or, you can improve the nutrition and texture of your native soil by mixing in aged compost-enriched Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics® All Purpose In-Ground Soil with the top few inches.Thoroughly water your seedlings an hour before you plant them.Gently remove them from the pot, separate the seedlings, and set them about 10 inches apart. .

Okra

Okra or Okro ( , ), Abelmoschus esculentus, known in many English-speaking countries as ladies' fingers or ochro, is a flowering plant in the mallow family.However, proposed parents include Abelmoschus ficulneus, A. tuberculatus and a reported "diploid" form of okra.[citation needed] Truly wild (as opposed to naturalised) populations are not known with certainty, and the species may be a cultigen.The plant may have entered southwest Asia across the Red Sea or the Bab-el-Mandeb straight to the Arabian Peninsula, rather than north across the Sahara, or from India.One of the earliest European accounts is by a Spanish Moor who visited Egypt in 1216 and described the plant under cultivation by the locals who ate the tender, young pods with meal.The plant was introduced to the Americas by ships plying the Atlantic slave trade[14] by 1658, when its presence was recorded in Brazil.The species is a perennial, often cultivated as an annual in temperate climates, often growing to around 2 metres (6.6 ft) tall.Abelmoschus esculentus is cultivated throughout the tropical and warm temperate regions of the world for its fibrous fruits or pods containing round, white seeds.It is among the most heat- and drought-tolerant vegetable species in the world and will tolerate soils with heavy clay and intermittent moisture, but frost can damage the pods.It prefers a soil temperature of at least 20 °C (68 °F) for germination, which occurs between six days (soaked seeds) and three weeks.As a tropical plant, it also requires a lot of sunlight, and it should also be cultivated in soil that has a pH between 5.8 and 7, ideally on the acidic side.The seed pods rapidly become fibrous and woody and, to be edible as a vegetable, must be harvested when immature, usually within a week after pollination.Other diseases include powdery mildew in dry tropical regions, leaf spots, yellow mosaic and root-knot nematodes.Resistance to yellow mosaic virus in A.

esculentus was transferred through a cross with Abelmoschus manihot and resulted in a new variety called Parbhani kranti.The products of the plant are mucilaginous, resulting in the characteristic "goo" or slime when the seed pods are cooked; the mucilage contains soluble fiber.Cutting and cooking okra in moisture will create a sticky juice that increases the thickness of soups and stews.Young okra leaves may be cooked in a similar way to the greens of beets or dandelions, or in salads.[citation needed] Okra seeds may be roasted and ground to form a caffeine-free substitute for coffee.[29] The mucilage produced by the okra plant can be used for the removal of turbidity from wastewater by virtue of its flocculant properties.[30][31] Having composition similar to a thick polysaccharide film, okra mucilage is under development as a biodegradable food packaging, as of 2018.One study explored the effect of okra extract on gestational diabetes mellitus in rats and its probable molecular mechanism.[21] Another study found that okra increases fiber intake, promotes better glycemic control, and improves insulin sensitivity.[35] Foods such as okra that are high in fiber and antioxidants lower cholesterol levels, according to The American Heart Association. .

How Do I Grow Okra?

If you want to grow okra in your garden, here’s everything you need to know.When, Where and How to Plant Okra.By the end of this period the plants will be ready to receive a full day of direct sun.Whether planting seeds, store-bought seedlings or home-grown seedlings, space them 12 inches apart in soil that is well-draining and amended with lots of compost or organic matter.To check the soil’s pH and fertility, get an inexpensive soil test.Okra seedlings enjoy a soil temperature that is at least 70º.Water immediately upon planting and cover the ground with a layer of two to three inches of organic mulch.Varieties of Okra.This variety matures within 55 to 60 days of transplanting.The plants mature in 50 to 55 days of transplanting.This variety is disease resistant and highly productive.It matures in 51 days from transplanting.Clemson Spineless is an open-pollinated variety with light green pods that have between five and eight points, and cream-colored edible flowers.Jambalaya is a green hybrid okra that thrives in shorter growing seasons, maturing in 50 days from transplanting.It matures in 55 to 60 days.Simpson is an okra variety that matures in 50 days from transplanting.It is open-pollinated with green, 5-inch-long ribbed pods.Watering Okra.It’s best to water in the morning so any water on leaves will evaporate during the day.Fertilizing Okra.Okra Pests & Diseases.Bt is an organic control for moth and butterfly larvae that is safe around humans and pets and will not harm other wildlife.Most varieties are intended to be picked when the pods are no more than 3 inches long — and the pods grow fast.Picking frequently and picking pods before they grow larger will encourage the plant to produce more pods.To harvest, cut the stem of the pod, just above the pod’s cap.Episode 195: Identifying and Controlling Garden Pests Organically.joegardener blog: Powdery Mildew Prevention & Control.How Do I Grow Okra?joegardenerTV YouTube: Best Mulch for a Vegetable Garden.joegardener Online Gardening Academy™: Three popular courses on gardening fundamentals; managing pests, diseases & weeds; and seed starting!At the time of this writing, Joe Lamp’l has professional relationships with the following companies who may have products included in this post and podcast: Rain Bird, Corona Tools, Milorganite, Soil3, Exmark, Greenhouse Megastore, High Mowing Organic Seeds, Territorial Seed Company, Wild Alaskan Seafood Box and TerraThrive. .

How to Grow Okra

Similar in taste to eggplant, okra is used in shellfish, corn, onion and tomato dishes.The annual, warm weather vegetable is related to hibiscus, hollyhock and rose of Sharon.Plant okra in the spring or early summer once the threat of frost has passed.Gardeners in cool regions may want to start okra seeds indoors in peat pots four to six weeks before the area's final frost date.If buying okra plants, purchase those that are started in containers such as peat pots that can go into the ground.Okra is susceptible to wilt, root knot nematode and Southern stem blight.It grows and bears seed pods until frost, which quickly turns them black and kills them.Pick the pods at least every other day, as they quickly turn from tender to tough the bigger they grow.Because of the long growing season and hearty production, four or five plants usually produce enough okra for most families. .

How to Grow Okra in Your Home Veggie Patch

Rich in fiber, protein, and vitamins A, C, and K, okra is not only a nutritious addition to veggie gardens, but makes an attractive specimen in beds and borders, with varieties ranging from dwarf to over eight feet tall at maturity.Pods may be green or red; curved or straight; with or without ridges; and smooth or covered in tiny fuzzy “spines.”.Gardeners often prefer “spineless” varieties, because these protrusions commonly cause itching and irritation when okra is harvested and prepared.Prepare seeds for planting by scraping each lightly with a nail file and soaking in tap water overnight.In warm climates, direct sow in the early spring garden when soil temperatures are at least 60°F, to a depth of about one inch.Around mid-summer, you may prune tall varieties to encourage further growth, and you can also choose to plant a fresh crop at that time for a late harvest.In cold regions, like mine in the Northeast, you’ll have to wait a little longer for the soil to warm up enough for direct sowing outdoors, at least two weeks after the last frost date, maybe more.Extreme weather fluctuations can affect this plant, causing flowers and buds to drop, or pods to fail to form.Avoid the need for troubleshooting later with crop rotation, high quality seed, ample air circulation, and appropriate moisture.Hand picking insects or dousing them with a steady stream of hose water is usually all that’s needed to avoid an infestation.Okra is a cultigen, meaning it has been improved upon via selective breeding and hybridization for many generations, to produce the most delicious harvests and attractive, resilient plants.You’ll find an array of cultivars available from all over the world that includes heirloom species and hybrid varieties.If you garden in the South, all varieties should serve you well, as okra loves heat, humidity, and a long growing season.To save your skin, look for spineless varieties – but keep in mind that no cultivar is truly entirely free of those potentially irritating little hairs that grow on the plant.Plant Type: Annual Tolerance: Drought Native To: Tropical Africa and Asia Maintenance: Moderate; keep free from weeds Hardiness (USDA Zone): 9-12 Soil Type: Loamy Season: Summer Soil PH: Slightly acidic to slightly alkaline, 6.5-7.5 Exposure: Full sun Soil Drainage: Well-draining Time to Maturity: 50-60 days, depending on cultivar Companion Planting: Melons, cucumbers, sweet peppers, eggplant Spacing: Thin to 12 inches Family: Malvaceae Spread: 12-48 inches depending on cultivar Genus: Abelmoschus Planting Depth: 1 inch or less Species: A. esculentus Water Needs: Moderate, every 7-10 days Pests & Diseases: Aphids, armyworms, cabbage loopers, corn earworms, cucumber beetles, flea beetles, stink bugs, thrips, root knot nematodes, spider mites, charcoal rot, fusarium wilt, powdery mildew, southern blight, white mold, yellow vein mosaic virus.Whether you cultivate it as a vegetable for the table, or a decorative specimen in beds and borders, it’s going to make a bold statement in your outdoor living space.Easy to grow and virtually trouble free with the right conditions, okra’s hibiscus-like yellow blossoms and pods of striking proportions offer season-long interest, and the opportunity for gardening fun with the family.

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How to Grow Okra

Okra, or gumbo, is a popular warm season vegetable in the South, but also can be successfully grown in Michigan.Plants grow from 3 to 7 feet, depending on variety and climate.They produce attractive red to yellow blossoms that resemble hibiscus flowers.Okra is not difficult to grow, but it does require warm weather to thrive.Start picking when pods are no more than 2 to 3 inches long – this takes about five days from flowering.If you allow pods to develop to their full size, the plant will stop producing.Contact with the okra plant causes some people to develop a burning itch.Cook quickly with the caps on if you want to avoid releasing the mucilaginous interior.Developed by James Manning, Undergraduate Research Assistant, and Daniel Brainard, Vegetable Extension Specialist; MSU Department of Horticulture; Gary Heilig, MSU Extension educator.For questions about accessibility and/or if you need additional accommodations for a specific document, please send an email to ANR Communications & Marketing at [email protected] .

How to Grow Okra

Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus), native to Africa and related to hibiscus, arrived in North America in the 1600s.This edible green seed pods quickly became popular in the Deep South as both a side dish and a thickening for gumbo and stews.It will grow in ordinary garden soil but does best in fertile loam, particularly where a nitrogen-fixing crop — such as early peas — grew previously.When seeding okra directly in the ground, wait until after the soil has warmed and the air temperature reaches at least 60 degrees.In areas with long, hot summers, cut the plants back almost to ground level in midsummer and fertilize to produce a second crop.They're tough when mature, so harvest daily with a sharp knife when they are no more than finger-sized and stems are still tender and easy to cut.This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. .

Okra: Plant Care & Growing Guide

Some gardeners like to soak the seeds in water the night before planting, but you should get good germination if you simply keep the soil moist until the seedlings emerge.Thin seedlings to 18 to 24 inches apart when they are roughly 4 to 6 inches tall to give the plants room to branch.You'll have the strongest plants and the most pods if you plant your okra in full sun.For best yields, water well at least every seven to 10 days if you haven't had rainfall.They also excel in dry conditions but still grow perfectly well in humid climates.Okra Varieties.Consider these okra varieties:.' is an heirloom variety that has deep reddish seed pods that lose some of the color with cooking.It is a larger variety, growing 4 to 5 feet high.It is a larger variety, growing 4 to 5 feet high. '.' has especially long seed pods at 7 to 9 inches.Okra pods are best when picked young.They are most tender when they’re 2 to 4 inches long and as wide as a pinkie finger.However, if growing conditions are good, even larger okra pods can still be tender and edible.Use a quality organic potting mix, and keep the soil lightly moist but not soggy.Pods left on the plants to mature and dry can be harvested for their seeds. .

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