Both sweet and hot peppers benefit from companion planting (much like their fellow nightshade, the tomato).Arguably one of the most popular summer herbs, basil is great on its own, but also has a place next to and around pepper plants.It's claimed that growing basil next to peppers boosts their flavor, and may help to repel some common garden pests, such as aphids, spider mites, thrips, mosquitoes, and flies. Plus, pesto!Growing carrots around peppers can help to shade out some of the weeds, providing a living mulch, and are a great way to maximize space in the garden.Onions don't take up a lot of room above the ground, and are said to deter many common insect pests in the garden, such as aphids, slugs, and cabbage worms, making them a good companion plant for peppers.Swiss chard is another incredibly useful plant in the garden, and interplanting it with peppers can offer partial shade and protection from winds, while also crowding out weeds.Chard also happens to be one of the easier veggies to grow, and can add some color to garden beds.Growing lettuce as a companion planting to peppers is a great way to get an additional harvest in a small space, due to their lower growth habit, while also crowding out weeds.Although not quite as popular to grow as its family members, such as garlic and onions, are, leeks can be a good companion plant for peppers.They don't take up a lot of room, so growing leeks can help to fill in empty spots in the garden, and they are also thought to repel some insects, such carrot flies..Growing radishes around peppers allows you to get a fairly quick food crop in a small amount of space.Growing beets near peppers is another method of filling in empty space in the garden and shading out weeds while helping to keep soil moist.Besides being one of the most popular summer vegetables, corn is also a unique plant to have in the garden, as we don't often grow any other giant grasses in our beds (at least on purpose).Due to its tall growth habit, corn can serve as a windbreak or to cast shade on pepper plants during parts of the day.Besides fixing nitrogen in the soil and helping to feed other garden plants, beans can provide other benefits for pepper plants, including crowding out weeds and helping to block the winds or cast partial shade.Planting dill around peppers is a great use of space, while their feathery leaves offer some contrast and texture to the garden.Growing parsley around pepper plants not only helps you get a second edible from almost the same amount of space, but also serves to provide some shade and cover for bare soil.Rosemary can be a great addition to your culinary herbs, while also serving as a groundcover plant to minimize bare soil and high evaporation rates.Cucumbers are another summer vegetable favorite, as great to eat fresh as they are pickled, and go well with many pepper dishes.Growing geraniums as companion plants for peppers is said to help repel cabbage worms, Japanese beetles, and other pests.When grown near other garden crops, French marigolds are claimed to stimulate their growth, while also repelling nematodes, aphids, whiteflies, and slugs..In addition to providing a splash of color in the garden, petunias can be a great companion plant for peppers due their ability to repel asparagus beetles, leafhoppers, tomato worms, and aphids.This edible flower is not only beautiful, and is claimed to benefit the flavor and growth of many other plants, but also is thought to deter aphids, beetles, squash bugs, whiteflies, and other common garden pests. .
These factors include sun exposure, weather, ecology, pollinators, insect population, soil structure and chemistry, and water supply.West Coast Seeds has conducted significant research into these companion planting guidelines and has defined the best possible results and reasons for each of our recommendations.Minimizing Risk: Companion planting increases odds of higher yields even if one crop fails or is affected by natural hardships like weather, pests, or disease.Trap Cropping: Companion planting is the ultimate organic pest management system.Ammi - This beautiful flower attracts lacewings, ladybird beetles, and parasitic wasps.Basil helps repel aphids, asparagus beetles, mites, flies, mosquitoes, and tomato horn worm.Plant with Brassicas, carrots, celery, chard, corn, cucumber, eggplant, peas, potatoes, radish, and strawberries.Plant with bush beans, Brassicas, corn, garlic, kohlrabi, leeks, lettuce, and mint.Brassicas (broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, kale, kohlrabi, turnip) – All benefit from chamomile, dill, mint, rosemary, and sage.Buckwheat – Fixes calcium in the soil, and makes an exceptionally good green manure plant.Calendula – Repels a number of unwanted soil nematodes and asparagus beetles, but may attract slugs.Calendula attracts a wide range of pollinators because it provides nectar over the whole growing season.Celery – Good partner for beans, Brassicas, cucumber, garlic, leek, lettuce, onion, and tomatoes.Coreopsis - This plant attracts pollinators, but also hoverflies, soldier bugs, and tachinid flies.Amaranth makes a great mulch between rows by competing with weeds and conserving ground moisture.Cosmos can be direct sown from early March to the end of June in our region so that it blooms continuously throughout the summer.Cucumber – Plant beside asparagus, beans, Brassicas, celery, corn, dill, kohlrabi, lettuce, onion, peas, radish, and tomatoes.Dill attracts ladybird beetles, parasitoid wasps, hoverflies, bees, and garden spiders, making it one of the most useful companion planting candidates.Echinacea - These perennial coneflowers attract hoverflies and parasitoid wasps, so they're useful for pest control in companion plantings.Eggplant – A good companion for amaranth, beans, marigolds, peas, peppers, spinach, and thyme.Fennel attracts hoverflies, ladybird beetles, parasitic wasps, and tachinid flies, so it's a kind of beneficial insect magnet.Gaillardia - This flower blooms over a very long period in summer, providing a rich source of nectar for a host of pollinators.Because of its sulfur compounds, it may also help repel whiteflies, Japanese beetles, root maggots, carrot rust fly, and other pests.Garlic, made into a tea, or spray, will act as a systemic pesticide, drawing up into the cells of the plants.Iberis - This early flowering plant provides nectar for pollinators before many others, and it attracts hoverflies and ground beetles.Lettuce – Good companions for beets, Brassicas, carrot, celery, chervil, cucumbers, dill, garlic, onions, radish, spinach, squash, and strawberries.Melon – Great companions for corn, marigolds, nasturtiums, pumpkin, radish, squash, and sunflowers.Onions also work well alongside beets, Brassicas, carrots, dill, kohlrabi, leeks, lettuce, strawberries and tomatoes.Peas – Superb companions for beans, carrots, celery, corn, cucumber, eggplant, parsley, peppers.Phacelia — An essential element in any organic gardener's toolkit, this multi-purpose annual flower is fast to mature, and amazingly attractive to a host of pollinators and beneficial insects.Notably, it attracts bees and predatory hoverflies to improve pollination and combat pest insects.Plant Phacelia around any crop showing poor pollination, particularly squash (including zucchini and pumpkin), melons, and cucumbers.Avoid planting potatoes near asparagus, Brassicas, carrots, cucumber, kohlrabi, melons, parsnips, rutabaga, squash, sunflower, and turnips.Rosemary repels cabbage moths, Mexican bean beetles, and carrot rust flies.Spinach – A good companion for Brassicas, eggplants, leeks, lettuce, peas, radish, and strawberries, particularly.Sunflowers are attractive to a host of wild and domestic bees, and also ladybird beetles, which prey on aphids.Tithonia - Plant this so-called Mexican Torch to attract parasitoid wasps, parasitic flies, and soldier bugs to your garden.Tomatoes – Another sensitive plant when it comes to companions, tomatoes benefit from asparagus, basil, beans, borage, carrots, celery, chives, collards, cucumber, garlic, lettuce, marigold, mint, nasturtium, onion, parsley, and peppers.Yarrow – Its scent repels aphids, but attracts hoverflies, lady beetles, and wasps that prey on garden grubs.The leaves and stems of yarrow contain enzymes that break down rapidly, so it can be added to the compost raw or as a tea to accelerate the heap.Damp, acidic soil can host club root (for example), which can be a real problem for broccoli and Brussels sprouts.Please feel free to contact us for clarification at [email protected] westcoastseeds.com, and we will do our best to bring better depth to our guides so that all of our customers can benefit. .
Best (and Worst) Pepper Plant Companions in the Garden
It’s a great idea to plan ahead of planting season so you are fully aware of what your garden will look like.We like to plan out our garden plot during the winter months so that we are ready come spring.In this article, we’ll help you pick the best pepper plant companions for your garden.The basil is said to help deter pests like mosquitoes and the hornworm as well as mildew.To top it all off, the crops are rumored to improve one another’s flavor (though there is little hard evidence proving this).Without room to breathe, tomatoes become a host for disease and pests (blight, aphids, hornworm, etc.Tip: In addition to proper plant spacing, it is recommended that tomatoes and peppers be rotated each season to a new location.Just be sure to leave more room around each tomato plant to avoid overcrowding, and consider rotating your crops annually.Alyssums are beautiful, hardy plants that produce lots of tiny flowers.They are great for planting near peppers as they attract predatory wasps and the Minute Pirate Bug.Full of aromatic oils, basil is a fantastic garden herb that is easy to grow.Try some of the unique varieties of basil like lemon, cinnamon, and (our favorite) sweet Thai!However, some speculate that beets can interact poorly with sweet corn if planted too close.Though brussels sprouts can be tricky to grow without running into pest issues, they are comfortable being grown near peppers.They require similar maintenance and soil makeup and are harvested around the same time of year.This is because eggplants are closely related to peppers, coming from the same plant family, the Solanaceae, or nightshades.Garlic makes a great companion for most common garden plants, and this includes peppers.Though there are arguments for and against growing green beans nearby peppers, we have never had issues with the combination.If you are tight on space and want to grow both peppers and green beans, you likely won’t have any problems.Onions don’t take up much space in the garden and can be another method for using every square foot.One of our favorite herbs, rosemary is a hardy plant that helps keep the soil moist for longer.Use rosemary as a ground cover around your pepper plants to decrease the rate of moisture evaporation from the soil.Common yarrow (Achillea millefolium) is an easy to grow flowering plant that is known for attracting ladybugs and other beneficial insects.These flying friends help pollinate your pepper flowers and also feast on aphids.Instead of buying live ladybugs for your garden, plant things that attract them naturally!While cabbage won’t destroy your pepper harvests, they do prefer a different soil.Peppers prefer a more acidic pH balance while cabbage needs a more neutral soil makeup.There are infinite options to choose from, but following these pepper plant companion guidelines will help ensure a great harvest! .
The Best Companion Plants for Pole Beans and Bush Beans
When you take advantage of these beneficial relationships, it becomes easier to grow crops organically.The beans attract beneficial insects that prey on corn pests, such as leaf beetles, fall armyworms, and leafhoppers.In return, the bean vines are supported as they climb up the corn stalks.The squash benefits from the nitrogen fixed in the soil by the bean plant, while the large leaves of the squash block sunlight from nourishing weeds near the corn stalk.As many gardeners learn, beans are a recommended companion for several different vegetables and other plants.That's because beans and other legumes boost nitrogen levels in the soil and provide nutrients to surrounding plants.Catnip: This plant helps to repel flea beetles, a common pest found on many vegetable crops, including beans.This plant helps to repel flea beetles, a common pest found on many vegetable crops, including beans.Bush beans can tolerate the light shade that is cast by corn plants.Plus, African and French marigolds both produce a substance that suppresses nematodes, the microscopic worms that attack the roots of plants.Plus, African and French marigolds both produce a substance that suppresses nematodes, the microscopic worms that attack the roots of plants.In return, bean plants are able to repel the Colorado potato beetle.Avoid planting beans near all members of the allium family: onions, leeks, garlic, and scallions.However, sometimes the bean vines can spread too aggressively among the pepper plants and choke them.However, sometimes the bean vines can spread too aggressively among the pepper plants and choke them.However, sunflowers give off a chemical compound that inhibits the growth of beans, making them incompatible plants. .
9 of the Best Companion Plants for Corn
With a kid who loves it on the cob and a spouse who adores his nightly popcorn , it’s kind of a must-have in my veggie garden.This year, after learning my lesson and starting earlier, I’ve got sweet corn thriving in my garden.In my endeavor to grow the sweetest kernels, in addition to careful planting and maintenance, I have found several ideal companions for maize.With corn specifically, companion planting allows you to save space in your garden by growing pumpkins among the stalks.But maize benefits other plants, too: it acts as an ideal trellis for beans, or cucumber vines, and it can provide shade for low-growing crops.I grow basil in my garden every year, and then I bring at least one plant inside to keep in my warm house during the long Alaska winter.Here’s why: one of corn’s chief pests is the maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais), which can eat your sweet kernels in the garden and in storage.Researchers at the Ministry of Agriculture in Kenya found in a 2013 study that crushed, dried basil leaves scattered around corn deter the maize weevil from infesting the kernels.By planting pungent basil on the perimeter of your corn patch, it’ll keep maize weevils away with its smell.For extra protection, harvest one or two leaves from each plant, rip them up to release the essential oils, and scatter them at the base of each cornstalk.It can also help to repel some of the worst Z. mays pests because, as with other Umbellifers, its flowers attract parasitic wasps and other beneficial insects.Find seeds for lovely yellow-flowered dill at Burpee, or plant this dwarf fernleaf variety from True Leaf Market – which only grows up to 18 inches tall.With bright, cheerful blooms, Tropaeolum majus is the perfect trap crop to keep aphids away from your Z.
mays.Tastier to aphids than corn, they’ll swarm the nasturtiums and (hopefully) leave your stalks, silks, and kernels alone.The wasps will eat the aphids, providing extra protection and keeping them from ever reaching your stalks and ears.Find ‘Alaska Mix’ nasturtium seeds in a variety of packet sizes available at Eden Brothers.Squash, corn, and pole beans make up the Three Sisters planting trio implemented for thousands of years by Native American peoples.Find ‘Rattlesnake’ pole bean seeds in a variety of packet sizes available at Eden Brothers.Verticillium wilt causes potatoes to die before they reach maturity, so this is a significant mode of protection.Here’s how to grow maize to act as a green manure for potatoes: plant it in alternate rows, spaced about six inches apart from the tubers.Alternatively, at the end of the growing season, after harvesting your corn, cut the stems and leaves into small pieces and work it into the ground.And even if you don’t want to sacrifice any of your corn as green manure, you can maximize your garden space by growing potatoes among the shallow-rooted stalks.The vining cucurbits act as a living mulch for the corn and beans, keeping weeds at bay and locking moisture into the soil.Find seeds to grow your own ‘Small Sugar’ pumpkins, ‘Waltham Butternut’ squash, or ‘Straight Eight’ cucumbers at Burpee.Plant them alongside your Three Sisters as they help to deter cucumber beetles and squash borers from making a meal of your pumpkins.This beautiful, bountiful flower (Helianthus annuus) is the perfect Fourth Sister to grow with corn, beans, and pumpkins.In a 2012 study published in the Journal of the Kentucky Academy of Science, researchers found that planting dwarf sunflowers near sweet corn attracted a plethora of beneficial, pest-killing ladybugs.So plant sunflowers near your corn and enjoy the presence of beneficial predators, the beauty of the big happy blooms, and the tasty seeds you’ll get at harvest time.Find ‘Sunspot’ dwarf sunflower seeds at True Leaf Market, and the large ‘Mammoth’ variety available at Burpee.This sweet-smelling legume (Trifolium repens) acts as the perfect living mulch, or cover crop, for corn, according to researchers at the American Society of Agronomy.Now that you know all the ways that corn and its companions can help each other thrive, you’re one step closer to enjoying a garden with few issues and plenty of fruit. .
Sweet Corn Companion Plants
Well-known legumes include alfalfa, clover, peas, chickpeas, lentils, lupin bean, mesquite, carob, soybeans, peanuts and tamarind.Cool-weather varieties can be planted as a cover crop in fall, storing up nitrogen all winter, and then tilled into the soil in early spring ahead of corn-planting time.Most home gardeners, however, simply plant beans with their corn to fix nitrogen by absorbing it from the air or pulling it out of the ground.Any bean will work – bush, pole, wax, green, yellow, purple, string, flat, soy, Lima, runner, mottled, etc.Water thoroughly and keep soil evenly moist until bean seedlings emerge in seven to 10 days.Prepare the soil by adding fish scraps, well-rotted manure, compost or wood ash to increase fertility, if desired.Sow the pole bean seeds when the corn plants are about 6 inches tall.Push four or five bean seeds 1 inch deep, evenly spaced around the corn plants.This seed distribution provides squash plants that ramble over all the mounds and suppress weeds.Sow the pole bean seeds when the corn plants are about 6 inches tall.Push four or five bean seeds 1 inch deep, evenly spaced around the corn plants.This seed distribution provides squash plants that ramble over all the mounds and suppress weeds.When the corn is about 5 inches tall, plant four bean seeds, evenly spaced, around each stalk.If lodging is a problem in your garden, here is a good article that explains the conditions that make this phenomenon most likely.As with all gardening techniques, our advice is to experiment with different varieties of beans to learn which ones work best with your sweet corn, soil, climate and taste buds.Spread the granules at a rate of 4 tablespoons per 4 square feet when the pole beans and squash plants are 4 inches tall or apply according to the manufacturer's instructions.This manure layer also will help suppress weeds until the squash plants are growing strongly.Peas - are another legume that fixes nitrogen in the soil, making it a perfect corn companion plant.Plant corn seeds directly in the pea patch to glean their nitrogen and save space.- are another legume that fixes nitrogen in the soil, making it a perfect corn companion plant.Plant corn seeds directly in the pea patch to glean their nitrogen and save space.It can improve flavor of the corn and it will attract beneficial insects such as lady bugs and parasitic wasps.It can improve flavor of the corn and it will attract beneficial insects such as lady bugs and parasitic wasps.Marigolds and Nasturtiums - These two flowers are must in all gardens because of their ability to repel or trap pests.Flowers will attract beneficial insects such a green lacewings and parasitic wasps, which will help your plants fight against pests.Flowers will attract beneficial insects such a green lacewings and parasitic wasps, which will help your plants fight against pests.Summer Savory - is another herb that helps repel pests and attract beneficial bugs.Aromatic Plants - such as lavender, mint, oregano, dill, garlic, marigolds, basil and sage help deter deer.Brassicas - All members of the cabbage family including broccoli, Brussels sprouts, kale, cauliflower should be planted apart from corn.Some plants that have proven effective in keeping raccoons out of your sweet corn patch includes:.The theory is that raccoons will try the easy-to-reach plants first, decide they are not good and not come back to try the stuff in the middle.Plants with a strong odor, such as mint and garlic, are also claimed to successfully keep raccoons away.Another suggestion is to plant a small crop of sweet corn away from the garden specifically for the wildlife to eat.One of the best determents for both deer and raccoon is simply to have a dog that is allowed to be in your garden area overnight.The following plants will attract many beneficial insects to your garden and protect more than just your sweet corn.Now that you know what to plant alongside your corn, in our next article we will tell you how to water, weed, and hill your crop. .
Best Companion Plants to Grow with Pumpkins
If I didn’t use companion planting, I wouldn’t be able to grow such a wide array of vegetables, fruits, and herbs.In addition, monocropping or filling an area with groups of the same vegetable serves as an open invitation to that plant’s most common pests to come hither and feast.Plus, gardening legend has it that all the different colors – a sea of lavender, marigold, and nasturtium, for example – can serve to confuse potential pests.Trailing pumpkin vines, with their large leaves, can act as a living mulch for crops with an upright growth habit, and help to keep their roots cool, and the soil moist.Pumpkins are heavy feeders, and legumes such as beans and peas “fix” nitrogen, or add more of this essential plant nutrient to the soil.These tasty summer annuals require companions who favor similar growing conditions.Squash thrives in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-10 as long as you keep plants warm in cold weather, and provide some protection from excessive heat.Early Native American peoples – including the Muscogee (Creek), Maya, and Haudenosaunee – planted these crops together to take advantage of their mutual benefits.The corn, in turn, provides a trellis for your pole beans, which will also fix nitrogen in the soil.Korean licorice mint, Agastache rugosa, attracts several types of beneficial hoverflies.The hoverflies will lay their eggs on the leaves, and the larvae that hatch out love to feed on aphids, mealybugs, mites, and other pumpkin pests.That’s the benefit lavender provides for pumpkins: it helps attract bees, which are an important pollinator for these plants.Find your own ‘Hidcote Promise Compact’ lavender seeds to plant with your gourds at Eden Brothers.Marigolds may repel root-knot nematodes, harmful soil-borne pests that can damage your pumpkin crops, as their roots secrete bioactive chemicals that suppress roundworms.You can plant them as a cover crop, and till them into your garden at the end of the season to help improve the soil and keep it nematode-free.Not to be confused with its close cousin, oregano, marjoram tastes sweeter, with a lightly spicy, floral scent.Growing this in your garden means you can enjoy a bevy of tasty dishes, like this fresh tomato, egg, and goat-cheese tart from our sister site, Foodal.Garden legend has it that marjoram can improve the flavor of many veggies, pumpkins included, if the sweet herb is planted among the vines.According to Louise Riotte, author of “Carrots Love Tomatoes,” available on Amazon, colorful nasturtiums help keep squash bug infestations down.Besides, you can toss peppery nasturtium flowers and leaves in a salad or simply enjoy the feast of color in your garden.The plant also attracts the beneficial insects – such as ladybugs – that feed on common cucurbit pests, like cucumber beetles, aphids, and whiteflies.Plant compact nasturtiums in the middle of your patch, like the ‘Dwarf Apricot,’ available from Eden Brothers.They benefit from the living mulch provided by squash vines and the trellis of a cornstalk, but they also add nitrogen to the soil.Since pumpkins need nitrogen and Sister Corn absolutely guzzles it out of the soil, growing beans is helpful for next year’s crop.Any legume can perform this beneficial task, but pole beans are ideal for the Three Sisters grouping because they climb up corn stalks, and save space in the garden.Often referred to as the Fourth Sister, sunflowers can attract pollinators to the pumpkin patch and help distract birds away from juicy corn kernels in a companion plant grouping.Next year, I’m going to try my hand at growing a Four Sisters garden with pole beans, corn, pumpkins, and sunflowers.They may also cross-pollinate with other cucurbits, which can be an issue if you’re trying to save seeds from your gourds to replant specific cultivars next season. .
Companion Planting Guide
Here are the 10 most popular vegetables grown in the United States and their friends (and foes) in the garden.This herb helps tomatoes produce greater yields and it repels both flies and mosquitoes.Marigolds are another good companion, repelling nematodes and other garden pests.Other friends to tomatoes include asparagus, carrots, celery, the onion family, lettuce, parsley, and spinach.Other companions include broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and other members of the cabbage family along with cucumbers, peas, potatoes, and radishes.Friends: Plant marigolds and nasturtiums among your cucumbers to repel aphids and beetles,.Beans, celery, corn, lettuce, dill, peas, and radishes are also good companion plants.Beans, beets, broccoli, carrots, corn, peas, radishes, and marigolds also work as good companion plants.Foes: Parsley, because it tends to grow into a small yet bushy plant and can crowd your lettuce.Squash also does well planted alongside beans, peas, radishes, dill, and marigolds.Friends: Carrots are heat sensitive, which is why they go well with tomato plants that can provide them a bit of shade.Tomatoes are also known to produce solanine, which is a natural insecticide that targets pests affecting carrot plants.Onions, beets, cabbage, kale, lettuce, spinach, and squash are also good friends for radishes.Friends: Corn loves veggies that fix nitrogen in the soil—like green beans.Cornstalks also make a great trellis for vining or trailing plants including beans, cucumbers, peas, pumpkins, and melons.Follow these companion planting guidelines to boost yields, minimize pest or disease problems and make garden management easier! .