Because potatoes need a lot of sunlight, nutrients and a steady amount of water, certain plants will impede their success by being planted next to potatoes.Whether it is because they are susceptible to the same diseases and pests or because they may influence the flavor of your potato crop, the following is a list of bad neighbors:.Knowing what not to plant near your potatoes is certainly important, however knowing the comprehensive list of what does work well nearby, opens up a myriad of planting options for your garden.Other plants to include on this list are those that are believed to enhance the flavor profile of the potatoes such as:.And still, other plants are considered good neighbors because they help to increase the nitrogen level of the soil, aiding in the success of the potato crop.Because it is a natural pest and disease repellent, horseradish aids in a healthy potato crop as well as lending a helping hand with soil pH. .
30 Potato Companion Plants And 8 Plants To Never Grow With
Earth up potatoes with high quality compost and mulch well with organic matter (such as seaweed, comfrey leaves etc..).Instead, choose companion plants for potatoes, to create polycultures or guilds around them to help them grow strong.In that article, you’ll find out more about how and why we use companion plants and create polycultures in an organic garden.While these claims have little scientific backing, there is a wealth of anecdotal evidence from gardeners and growers who swear to its efficacy.There is also some evidence to suggest that incorporating the organic material from horseradish plants into the soil around potatoes can, in certain circumstances, have pest controlling characteristics.It is the compound allyl isothiocyanate found in the plant which is said to have pest repelling properties.(Note, however, that horseradish is a member of the brassica plant family and can harbor common brassica pests, so should not be grown close to cabbages, kale, broccoli or other members of this plant family.).The pungent aroma of the garlic is said to repel certain species, and to confuse or distract others, making the primary plants in the bed more difficult for pests to find.Intercropping potatoes with garlic was also found to be more effective than fungicidal treatments for the control of late blight in this study.Again, the strong smell of this allium may help to reduce insect damage on your potato plants.Scallions, green onions or spring onions are an allium that could be particularly useful for growing alongside potatoes in a home setting, because they are small and can easily be incorporated between rows of potatoes being earthed up in a traditional way, and along the edges of growing areas.Note, however, that alliums are believed to suppress the growth of legumes such as peas and beans.Studies have suggested that yield on a certain area of land can be increased by intercropping of these two plants.In a warm climate, during hot summer weather, pea crops planted to provide shade to potatoes may also have a benefit, since the increased shade will reduce moisture loss from the soil and aid the potato crop, which requires relatively high levels of water.Studies into intercropping of beans and potatoes have shown that in certain circumstances, overall yield can be increased on a given area of land by planting the two together.Spinach is another example of a leafy green with shallow roots that can be sown around your potatoes early in the season.Sowing lettuce, spinach and other similar leafy greens will help you to make the most of the space you have available.Another benefit of sowing leafy greens like lettuce and spinach around young potato plants is that they can help to create good ground cover, which is another way to reduce moisture loss.It can also help to reduce the incidence of weeds that may compete for nutrients with your potato plants.So again, you can enjoy a harvest from between your potato plants before they grow to fill the space and require the room and nutrients available.Radishes can also help the potatoes and the leafy greens planted alongside them by repelling flea beetles.Even better, harvest some thyme leaves ad sprinkle on your roast potatoes for a delicious flavor combo.Yarrow also attracts a range of beneficial insects, and its deep roots mean that it can be an effective dynamic accumulator.Yarrow grown as a companion alongside other aromatic herbs can also help increase their essential oil production, which can boost their pest-repelling or confusing properties.Grown alongside other companion herbs, chamomile also increases their oil production.It also attracts a range of beneficial insects, including hoverflies and predatory wasps.Some gardeners swear that catmint is one plant that can help to deter potato beetles, for example.It is also especially good at attracting beneficial insects such as bees and other pollinators, as well as certain wasps and beetles.Finally, it is also a good idea to think about the flowers that it is beneficial to grow alongside potatoes.Largely for its wildlife attracting properties, calendula can also be a great choice for potato polycultures.More commonly, you will use them as companions for cucurbits such as cucumbers and squash, or other summer crops like tomatoes.It can be beneficial in a forest garden or fruit tree guild, or in an annual vegetable plot.These pungent, sweet smelling flowers may protect potatoes from certain pests such as leafhoppers.These flowers not only look pretty, and help retain soil moisture, they are also excellent at attracting predatory wasps that eat insect pests that might plague your potatoes.It can also help potatoes by providing good ground cover around the plants during the warmth of summer.When in flower, both white and red clover varieties attract pollinators but also a range of other beneficial insects.Vetch is another nitrogen fixing plant and, again, you can intercrop it with potatoes or use it to create good ground cover.Dead nettles may improve the taste and vigour of potato plants growing nearby and might also help in repelling certain pests.Since horseradish is such a good companion for potatoes, many other brassicas (members of the cabbage family) are often recommended for growth alongside them.But while this plant family is often recommended for growth alongside potatoes, it is not really a good idea.The primary reason why it is not a good idea to include brassicas and potatoes in the same growing area is that they do not enjoy the same conditions.The mulches you choose for these plants can be used to influence this factor, and help to prevent problems such as root knot in brassicas and scab in potatoes.The problem will growing potatoes close to or with other members of this family is that pests and diseases spread easily between them.Try to keep a good crop rotation system in play when it comes to this plant family.But the main issue is that asparagus, as a perennial crop, has an extensive root formation that will be damaged by the earth movement required in potato growing and harvesting.Sunflowers can have allelopathic effect, which means they excrete chemicals which can inhibit seed germination and stunt the growth of certain other crops grown close by.It can stunt the growth of a wide range of commonly cultivated crops.It is important to remember, when planning your garden, that companion planting is by no means an exact science.In order to further help you to come up with successful guilds in your garden, here are examples of the potato polycultures that work well for me where I live:.I also place marigolds along the edge of the bed as soon as the weather warms sufficiently.Once the potatoes are ready for harvest, the peas and beans are chopped, leaving the roots in place. .
Understanding Companion Plants for Growing Potatoes
Common reasons why plants might be regarded as good companions include:.Pairing tall upright plants with ground-hugging vines, for example, can offer efficiency in the use of garden space.Plants may have different but complementary growth habits that do not compete with one another.Pairing tall upright plants with ground-hugging vines, for example, can offer efficiency in the use of garden space.Plants may have similar needs for fertilizing, water, or sunlight, which makes it easier to take care of them.Good companion planting strategies are especially important in small gardens or wherever careful space planning is needed.Companion planting can be more complicated than it first appears since it requires a gardener to prioritize the benefits and drawbacks of pairing the different companions in a particular garden setting.Lettuce, spinach, scallions, and radishes are shallow-rooted veggies that are a good choice for occupying the spaces between potato plants.There are several plants that are said to enhance the flavor of the potato tubers, including chamomile, basil, yarrow, parsley, and thyme (they also welcome in beneficial insects).Beans, cabbage, and corn all will help potatoes grow better and hence improve the flavor of the tubers.Beans and other legumes are good companion plants for most vegetables since they increase nitrogen levels in the soil.Plants may compete with one another for sunlight, soil nutrients, or space.Planting nightshade species close together (either in space or in time) creates optimal conditions for certain fungal and bacterial diseases to thrive.There are a number of plants that apparently increase the likelihood of potato blight.These include raspberries, sunflowers, pumpkins squash, and cucumbers.Asparagus, carrots, fennel, turnips, and onions seem to stunt the growth of potatoes. .
These factors include sun exposure, weather, ecology, pollinators, insect population, soil structure and chemistry, and water supply.West Coast Seeds has conducted significant research into these companion planting guidelines and has defined the best possible results and reasons for each of our recommendations.Minimizing Risk: Companion planting increases odds of higher yields even if one crop fails or is affected by natural hardships like weather, pests, or disease.Trap Cropping: Companion planting is the ultimate organic pest management system.Ammi - This beautiful flower attracts lacewings, ladybird beetles, and parasitic wasps.Basil helps repel aphids, asparagus beetles, mites, flies, mosquitoes, and tomato horn worm.Plant with Brassicas, carrots, celery, chard, corn, cucumber, eggplant, peas, potatoes, radish, and strawberries.Plant with bush beans, Brassicas, corn, garlic, kohlrabi, leeks, lettuce, and mint.Brassicas (broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, kale, kohlrabi, turnip) – All benefit from chamomile, dill, mint, rosemary, and sage.Buckwheat – Fixes calcium in the soil, and makes an exceptionally good green manure plant.Calendula – Repels a number of unwanted soil nematodes and asparagus beetles, but may attract slugs.Calendula attracts a wide range of pollinators because it provides nectar over the whole growing season.Celery – Good partner for beans, Brassicas, cucumber, garlic, leek, lettuce, onion, and tomatoes.Amaranth makes a great mulch between rows by competing with weeds and conserving ground moisture.Cosmos can be direct sown from early March to the end of June in our region so that it blooms continuously throughout the summer.Cucumber – Plant beside asparagus, beans, Brassicas, celery, corn, dill, kohlrabi, lettuce, onion, peas, radish, and tomatoes.Dill attracts ladybird beetles, parasitoid wasps, hoverflies, bees, and garden spiders, making it one of the most useful companion planting candidates.Echinacea - These perennial coneflowers attract hoverflies and parasitoid wasps, so they're useful for pest control in companion plantings.Eggplant – A good companion for amaranth, beans, marigolds, peas, peppers, spinach, and thyme.Fennel attracts hoverflies, ladybird beetles, parasitic wasps, and tachinid flies, so it's a kind of beneficial insect magnet.Gaillardia - This flower blooms over a very long period in summer, providing a rich source of nectar for a host of pollinators.Because of its sulfur compounds, it may also help repel whiteflies, Japanese beetles, root maggots, carrot rust fly, and other pests.Garlic, made into a tea, or spray, will act as a systemic pesticide, drawing up into the cells of the plants.Iberis - This early flowering plant provides nectar for pollinators before many others, and it attracts hoverflies and ground beetles.Lettuce – Good companions for beets, Brassicas, carrot, celery, chervil, cucumbers, dill, garlic, onions, radish, spinach, squash, and strawberries.Melon – Great companions for corn, marigolds, nasturtiums, pumpkin, radish, squash, and sunflowers.Onions also work well alongside beets, Brassicas, carrots, dill, kohlrabi, leeks, lettuce, strawberries and tomatoes.Peas – Superb companions for beans, carrots, celery, corn, cucumber, eggplant, parsley, peppers.Phacelia — An essential element in any organic gardener's toolkit, this multi-purpose annual flower is fast to mature, and amazingly attractive to a host of pollinators and beneficial insects.Notably, it attracts bees and predatory hoverflies to improve pollination and combat pest insects.Plant Phacelia around any crop showing poor pollination, particularly squash (including zucchini and pumpkin), melons, and cucumbers.Avoid planting potatoes near asparagus, Brassicas, carrots, cucumber, kohlrabi, melons, parsnips, rutabaga, squash, sunflower, and turnips.Rosemary repels cabbage moths, Mexican bean beetles, and carrot rust flies.Spinach – A good companion for Brassicas, eggplants, leeks, lettuce, peas, radish, and strawberries, particularly.Couple them with beans, borage, garlic, lettuce, onions, peas, spinach, and thyme.Sunflowers are attractive to a host of wild and domestic bees, and also ladybird beetles, which prey on aphids.Tithonia - Plant this so-called Mexican Torch to attract parasitoid wasps, parasitic flies, and soldier bugs to your garden.Tomatoes – Another sensitive plant when it comes to companions, tomatoes benefit from asparagus, basil, beans, borage, carrots, celery, chives, collards, cucumber, garlic, lettuce, marigold, mint, nasturtium, onion, parsley, and peppers.Yarrow – Its scent repels aphids, but attracts hoverflies, lady beetles, and wasps that prey on garden grubs.The leaves and stems of yarrow contain enzymes that break down rapidly, so it can be added to the compost raw or as a tea to accelerate the heap.Damp, acidic soil can host club root (for example), which can be a real problem for broccoli and Brussels sprouts.Please feel free to contact us for clarification at [email protected] westcoastseeds.com, and we will do our best to bring better depth to our guides so that all of our customers can benefit. .
The Crops Not to Plant After a Potato Crop
Growing another crop of potatoes in the previous year's potato bed depletes the soil of nutrients, leading to low yields or reliance on fertilizer. .
19 Companion Plants For Potatoes (And What Not To Plant Nearby
The best companion plants for potatoes include culinary herbs like chives, thyme, and basil, vegetables like onion, beans, celery, and corn, and flowers like nasturtium and marigold.On the other hand, cabbage, brussels sprouts, and cauliflower (brassica family) can stunt the growth of potatoes.And when you’re ready for a delicious baked potato, you don’t have to reach too far to grab some chives as a fresh topping!Armyworm Moths wreak havoc on potato plants by laying eggs that develop into larvae.In addition, because thyme plants are so short, they make excellent groundcovers or living mulch.When rainwater splashes onto the potato plant’s leaves, the groundcover protects them, preventing soil-borne illnesses.Parsely deters pests such as aphids, spider mites, armyworms, earworms, and beetles, making it a perfect companion for potato plants.The cilantro can act as a ground cover between potatoes, and you’ll get coriander seeds as a bonus!They’re both members of the nightshade family and can even be grafted into one plant (usually called a “pomato”).Keeping potatoes and tomatoes in the same area of the garden means they’ll both benefit from a full sun location and that year-to-year crop rotation is simplified as you don’t have to account for two different soil areas that have recently hosted nightshades (and some of the common soil-borne diseases that affect them).Bush beans are usually easier to grow around potatoes as they stay compact in the garden space.These plants are also rather maintenance-intensive, meaning you’ll be in that area of the garden frequently which makes it easy to do some quick potato hilling while you’re in the neighborhood.Marigolds can also repel whiteflies from the garden while attracting beneficial insects like parasitic wasps and hoverflies.They also attract larger pollinators and potentially birds who may hunt harmful garden insects.The strong scent of these plants remains through the heat of summer when pest pressure on potatoes can be particularly intense, making them excellent neighbors.After sowing the buckwheat, cut it up, and leave it on top of the soil to provide nutrients for your future potato plant.Cowpeas are highly attractive to Green Stink Bugs, and they prefer them to potato plants.If you notice a few Green Stink Bugs on your potato plant, remove them and place them in a bowl of soapy water.Lettuce is also very quick to grow, meaning it can be successively sown even while potato hills are being created nearby.Because they attract flea beetles, radishes make excellent companion plants.Nitrogen is beneficial to potato plants and is a necessary macronutrient for leaf development.Swallowtail Butterflies, which lay eggs on potato plants, are also attracted to fennel.As a result, when the eggs hatch, they transform into caterpillars that feed on nearby potato plants. .
Potato companion plants: best crops to grow with potatoes
Potato companion plants can also act to create a better growing environment, whether that is providing beneficial shade, ground cover or by breaking up the soil.'Avoid monocultures – where the same type of vegetable crop is grown en masse or in rows – as this makes it much easier for pests and diseases to find their favorite plants and then spread quickly,' says Sue Sanderson.Beans and other legumes are good potato companion plants as they release nitrogen into the soil, which helps improve yields and crop quality.The pungent aroma of garlic and onions is thought to repel some pests and to confuse or distract others, putting them off the scent of the potatoes.Cilantro – or coriander – also attracts beneficial insects, such as ladybugs, hoverflies and wasps, while horseradish is understood to improve the disease resistance of potatoes by producing pest repelling odors and chemicals.Parsley and thyme are believed to be good planting companions for potatoes as they improve the flavor of the tubers, while also attracting beneficial insects, such as hoverflies.'Mint also makes an excellent companion plant as it deters pests, including whitefly, ants and mice, and the flowers attract bees, butterflies and hoverflies,' says herb specialist Jekka McVicar (opens in new tab).Petunias may also protect potatoes from certain pests by confusing them with their strong fragrance so that the insects can't find their target crop.'This may be because they compete for space, light, water, soil nutrients, or attract insects detrimental to the companion vegetables,' says gardening writer and photographer Leigh Clapp.Sunflowers do not make happy planting companions for potatoes as they excrete chemicals that can inhibit seed germination and stunt the growth of crops grown close by. .