If you’ve owned a guinea pig for a while, you’ll probably have noticed that they often prefer what we consider less flavorful foods like leafy vegetables and roots.Radishes are a good source of vitamins and minerals for your guinea pig, so they are a healthy root vegetable that will offer some crunch as well as some health benefits.Because guinea pigs naturally have a rather limited diet, there are some risks involved with introducing other foods like fruits and vegetables.Research from North Carolina University notes that phosphorus and other oxalates can cause similar problems to an abundance of calcium — urinary stones and resulting discomfort and complications.Guinea pigs are meant to eat raw vegetables, so don’t cook radishes before adding them to their food bowl.To prevent choking, cut the radish into small cubes that your guinea pig can easily chew, and add them to whatever other vegetables you’re serving.To ensure you don’t overfeed your guinea pig radish, add it to their food no more than once a week, and avoid serving with other vegetables that are high in calcium or oxalates.Guinea pigs are known for their discerning taste when it comes to foods they eat, so you may find that they pass up the root and go straight for the leaves, or ignore both.Radishes are a perfectly safe, crunchy, and nutritious snack for your guinea pig, as long as they are offered in moderation.Both the root part of the vegetable and the leaves are high in nutrients that can be detrimental in large quantities, so keep your pig’s radish snacks to a frequency of about once a week. .

The Do's & Don'ts of a Pig's Diet — Hamlet the Piggy

When I brought Hamlet home, I didn't know a ton about what I could feed her.Let's prevent you from giving your pig the wrong and possibly toxic food.Like most of us these days, I started researching on the internet.I didn't find many reputable sources.I spoke with Hamlet's vet and he suggested the following organizations who have helpful information about pigs of all kinds.Below are 3 resource that have been my go to places for pig updates and helpful information on how to keep Hamlet healthy and happy.Southern California Aasociations of Miniuture Potbellied Pig (SCAMPP).American Pig Association.Safe Food for Pigs.Here is a list of safe foods I have complied from the SCAMPP, The Best Friends Society and the American Pig Association.Please discuss food choices with your vet.ALL summer & winter squash.Black Eyed Peas.Celery Root.Dandelion flower and leaves.Fava Beans.Green leaf lettuce.Green Soybeans (Edamame).Lima Beans.Red Leaf Lettuce.Spring Baby Lettuce.Sugar Snap Peas.Sweet Dumpling Squash.Sweet Potatoes.Cranberries fresh or dried.Elderberries – Purple Feijoa.Grapes, cut in half.Brown Rice, cooked.Cumin Seeds.Black Oil Sunflower Seeds.Flax Seeds (in moderation).Pomegranate Seeds.Must be cooked – NO canned beans.Black Eyed Peas.Fava Beans.Lima Beans.Fruit Juice with no sugar added.Gerber Toddler Puffs.Peanut Butter on celery.Popcorn Air Popped.(No oils, butter, or seasoning).Yogurt, Plain or Greek.Below is SCAMPP's List of Toxic plants. .

What Can Pigs Eat Out of Your Garden?

One option to reduce costs while still offering healthy food is to supplement with fresh fruits and veggies.I’ve found that one way to reduce feed costs on our farm is to grow as much food for our livestock as possible; pigs and chickens included.This year, we’re planning on using a ¼ acre plot of land devoted to growing food for our livestock.It’s easy to start with ambitious intentions, but hot summer sun and other obligations have a way of derailing your ambitions.Start by estimating how much your pigs and chickens eat in a year, then reverse engineer to figure out how much to plant.This is where keeping detailed gardening records helps because you’ll have a good idea of how many pounds of vegetables you can grow in a given area.These foraging mixes are typically meant for deer or other wildlife, but they will work well for hogs and chickens.Although poultry feed formulations are the easiest way to make sure your hens get a great diet, you can also offer veggies from your garden to supplement their meals.Similarly, if your hens have to be in a coop or tractor all the time, then foraging, in addition to building a livestock garden, is one way to supplement their diet for free.We forage from the forests on our homestead, and we’ve found that taking advantage of the trees that grow on our farm is another way to add to our livestock garden.Starting a livestock garden is a fun and easy way to reduce your feed costs, and your pigs and chickens will thank you. .

Pigs Peace Sanctuary

• Most pigs love: cooked broccoli, pitted apricots, cucumbers, dark green lettuce, cooked potatoes, beets, grapes, pumpkins, all squashes, zucchini, snow peas, spinach, yams, kale, tomatoes, chard, carrots, pears, apples, berries, oranges, grapefruit, melons, pitted cherries, pitted peaches.Favorite treats for visitors to bring: vegetarian dog biscuits, fresh fruit, uncooked pasta, wild bird seed (for chickens!When we have long drawn out gray days of winter in the northwest with no sunshine for weeks at a time, the pigs may be irritable, depressed, short tempered and sleep more.To help the pigs through the winter blues we make sure the pigs get extra treats everyday, such as dried and fresh fruits, peanuts in the shell, popcorn, vegetarian dog biscuits and different types of grains.Winter is the time of year when we especially treasure our treat bearing, tummy scratching visitors and volunteers.• In a lifetime the average American meat-eater consumes 2,600 animals, including: 2,450 chickens, 118 turkeys, 33 pigs, 12 cattle and calves. .

Things That Are Toxic To Pigs

While minor exposure to many of these toxins is unlikely to cause serious problems, large amounts can cause severe health issues and sadly, even death.Some toxins are highly dangerous even in small amounts.To help ensure you never run into this problem, we have compiled this resource of common plants and other potentially toxic things that have been known to be a problem for pigs.While prevention is imperative when it comes to protecting your residents from toxins if they accidentally ingest something toxic, the administration of an activated charcoal product may help absorb the toxins.In addition to seeking urgent medical care, if a resident ingests a toxin, ask your veterinarian if administration of activated charcoal is advised.Toxic Plants.The Open Sanctuary Project’s Global Toxic Plant Database In addition to individual species resources on toxic plants, we now have The Open Sanctuary Project’s Global Toxic Plant Database where you can search for toxicity based on species and other factors!Plants That Are Toxic To Pigs.severe depression.blisters/ulcers of mouth and digestive system.colic or gastric issues.The pig can then become quiet, bloat and die within a few hours of ingestion.severe depression.staggering gait A specific way of moving and the rhythmic patterns of hooves and legs.Death Camus excessive, foamy salivation.muscle weakness.Death can occur within days after ingestion of 0.5-2% of body weight.Day-blooming Jasmine, Night-blooming Jasmine, Cestrum chronic weight loss.Death results from progressive calcification The accumulation of calcium salts in a body tissue which often occurs in the formation of bone, but can also be deposited abnormally in soft tissue, causing it to harden.Animals consuming the non-calcinogenic Cestrum species (all Cestrum species except Cestrum diurnum) develop signs of: liver failure.weight loss.hepatic encephalopathy Hepatic encephalopathy is characterized by personality changes, intellectual impairment, and a depressed level of consciousness.Leucaena, Whiteland Tree, Guaje, Huaxin, Koa Haole decreased feed consumption, excessive salivation.loss of appetite.constipation that develops into diarrhea.increased heart rate and respiration.weight loss.incoordination, staggering, or difficulty walking.retching spasms.increased heart rate.redness and swelling of eyes.higher pulse rate and temperature.Water Hemlock Death may occur within 15 minutes.Other Potential Pig Toxins.Symptoms may include lethargy, lack of appetite, vomiting, hypersalivation, nasal discharge, muscle tremors, coughing, frothing at the mouth, sneezing, involuntary eye movement, labored breathing, and bloody diarrhea.In severe cases, pigs may collapse and die.Photosensitization may be a delayed result of ingestion, causing reddening and irritation of the area around the mouth, the ear, or other areas of the body.Lead Toxicity.Pigs could ingest paint by chewing or licking surfaces that contained lead or even by ingesting certain plants that have absorbed led from the polluted soil.In the meantime, be sure to prevent residents from accessing areas where you suspect they may come into contact with lead.In severe cases, you may see the following symptoms:.Consult a veterinarian immediately if you suspect a pig has ingested lead or is beginning to show symptoms of lead poisoning.Mycotoxins can affect pigs through contaminated food or bedding.The type and amount of mycotoxin a pig digest affects whether the health issues are immediate and short-lived or may become chronic issues.Different mycotoxins can produce different poisoning symptoms, both acute and chronic.Prevention is key in avoiding serious health issues.Try to keep food storage areas protected from mice and rats and other wildlife, as they can chew holes in food bags, increasing the likelihood of grain being exposed to damp conditions.Always feed the oldest sources of food first.Check with your food manufacturer or supplier to see if they regularly test for the presence of mycotoxins in grains before mixing food.This could be especially important if you have a pig that shows initial signs of mycotoxin exposure.Pesticides may affect the nervous system in pigs and can be fatal if not treated with the antidote.If you suspect pigs may have ingested any of the poisons above, contact your veterinarian immediately.Salt Poisoning.Pigs sometimes “dog-sit”.Falling on side in spasms.Be sure to check residents have access to fresh water at all times.The symptoms of selenium poisoning are:.Venomous snakebites are not common, but when they occur, should be treated seriously and immediately.Most venoms can impair blood clotting and damage the heart, while some others contain neurotoxins.Necrosis Necrosis is the death of most or all of the cells in an organ or tissue due to disease, injury, or failure of the blood supply.Depending on the severity of the bit, treatments may include antivenin, pain medications, fluid therapy, wound treatment, tetanus vaccination, and antibiotics.Potentially Toxic And Questionable Foods.You may see food on this list that you have fed to your residents without any apparent issue.That may be because some foods are toxic in higher amounts while others are toxic in small amounts or whether they are being consistently offered the food over some time.The amount that may cause one resident to become ill (or even die) may be different for another resident.In addition to these considerations, certain plants, fruits, vegetables, and other foods listed below may contain varying amounts of the toxin.Below we have put together a list of foods that are known to contain some toxin that is potentially harmful to pigs.Pigs Should Not Eat Processed Foods Although there is a common narrative that pigs will happily eat any leftovers of human foods, such as baked goods and other processed items, you should not feed these things to pigs!Just because something might not be listed here as a toxic food or substance for pigs, please do not take that to mean it’s safe to give them!Check our Daily Diet, Supplement, & Treats For Pigs resource and see if it’s listed as safe for pig residents.In addition to the above, we cover some foods that can be toxic to pigs and foods that are often questioned in terms of toxicity but may be fairly benign:.Studies have indicated that that chronic alcohol exposure can cause cirrhosis of the liver and death in pigs.1 Symptoms of acute alcohol ingestion may include incoordination, disorientation, lethargy, distended stomach, symptoms of organ damage, and death.Additionally, you should never allow residents access to areas that have been sprayed.3,4.: The chemical, persin, that is present in avocado trees (bark, leaves, skin, and pit) is very toxic to many species, though pigs do not seem to be susceptible like many species.We were unable to find any studies discussing the toxicity of persin in pigs though there are studies on including avocado in diets without toxic effect.If you choose to give pig residents avocado, do so sparingly and only offer the ripe fruit not the skin, leaves, or pit to be safe.Symptoms of acute cyanide poisoning can include tachycardia (rapid heart rate), low blood pressure, cardiac arrest, GI distress (especially vomiting), weakness, seizures, stumbling, respiratory changes, and death.6,7 Chronic poisoning may present with signs such as the development of hypothyroidism (possibly with goiter), paralysis, incoordination, inflammation of the bladder, and death.7.Brassicas such as broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, turnips, brussel sprouts, mustards, radishes, and rape contain glucosinolates.8,9 A smaller amount can be tolerated but it isn’t ideal to feed large or frequent offerings as part of their daily diet.While some types like turnip greens, rapeseed, and certain mustard plants are used as fodder, there may be some associated risks.10 Large amounts of rapeseed can cause photosensitivity Photosensitivity: Oversensitivity of skin to light.and inhibited growth, enlarged livers, and goiters in pigs.11 Similar effects can be seen in other brassicas.8 Some studies suggest that certain amounts of ground rapeseed and supplemental iodine in the diet may affect the thyroid and concentration of iodine in the milk of nursing mothers.12 Another study reported that daily amounts (1.3 pounds) of raw broccoli caused damage to the cells in the colon (colonocytes) of pigs.Don’t feed large amounts and never feed seeds or roots.(fresh, heated, dried, fermented, chopped, grated, peeled, soaked, boiled, ground, ensiled).14,15,16 When correctly processed, the feeding of a percentage of certain cassava products and by-products has been done without toxicity issues as noted in multiple studies.15,16 According to some studies, fresh peels appear to contain the highest levels of toxin.16 One study, in particular, noted that pigs that had eaten fresh cassava peals and shredded pulp (on an empty stomach) became quite ill within 30 minutes of its ingestion.Symptoms of poisoning included staggering, salivation, excitability, muscle tremors, increased sensitivity of the skin, difficulty breathing, weakness, lying down, coma, and death.14 Chronic cassava poisoning is possible as well in cases where supplementation of various vitamins and minerals isn’t provided with the cassava diet.These symptoms include impaired growth, skin lesions, muscle weakness, and paralysis in their back legs.16 Toxicity issues depend on the variety of cassava, the way it is processed (or not), the form it is offered in, the amount consumed, and even factors during the growing process that can affect the levels of toxin.13 Take extreme care when considering feeding cassava products to pig residents, especially if you are not fully familiar with the risks and the proper ways to process cassava.Humans harvesting celery have presented with blistering skin upon handling it.17 Pigs have presented with symptoms similar to foot and mouth disease, but the cause was found to be contact with celery and parsnip.18,19 The combination of exposure to the plant and subsequent exposure to UV light causes reddening of the skin and lesions on the areas of skin that were in contact with the plant matter.17 Special care must be taken for white pig residents and residents with white patches or lighter skin as they are especially susceptible to photosensitization.If feeding cherries as treats, remove all pits first.Symptoms of poisoning include bright cherry red mucous membranes, staggering, salivation, excitability, muscle tremors, difficulty breathing, vomiting, weakness, lying down, and coma, and death in extreme cases.7,21.We did not find studies on feeding fresh citrus fruit as a whole to pigs, though there were many studies on feeding processed rind, ground seeds, or processed citrus pulp to pigs in an agricultural context.25,26 Several studies found that various amounts of certain citrus byproducts in the diet do not cause health issues but others report it affects protein digestability, growth impairment, and loose stools.25,26,27 Other studies report loose report improved consistency of stools in young pigs fed byproducts at a certain level.Nitrite poisoning is a higher risk if a resident has ingested cornstalks or leaves after they have wilted, which can happen after a bout of cold weather.28 Younger plants generally also have higher concentrations.28 Piglets may be at a higher risk but this is debatable.29,30 Symptoms of nitrate poisoning include vomiting, diarrhea, staggering, dizziness, respiratory distress, fatigue, a bluish tinge to the skin, and death.31 Chronic poisoning can cause various organs to show signs of degeneration.Many different types of mycotoxins can affect pigs.Different mycotoxins may present with different signs of poisoning, both acute and chronic, and end in death, in severe cases.32.Eggplant: Small amounts of ripe fruit may be fine but there have been studies, not specifically on eggplants but on the glycoalkaloids (potentially toxic) contained in them and other plants, that have caused severe gastric distress and possibly neurological symptoms when higher concentrations were consumed.Bitter varieties are more likely to contain higher levels of solasonine.34 Additionally, various factors during growth, harvest, and post-harvest can affect the levels of the in the plant.34 To be on the safe side, avoid all young, immature fruit and other parts of the plant, only offering mature, ripe eggplant as a treat.In addition to the risk of the pits becoming lodged in the digestive tract (which has happened in pigs), the pits contain cyanide, a toxin.20,36 Apricot, cherry (as mentioned above), peach, and plum, and many other species’ pits all contain the toxin.20,21 Though cherry leaves are infamous for causing cyanide poisoning, the ingestion of the leaves of other stone fruits should be avoided as well until there is more information, especially after a cold shock in the weather or drought.7,21 Ingestion of these, especially cracked and broken bits of seeds and pits that release cyanide, can cause symptoms of poisoning including staggering, salivation, excitability, muscle tremors, difficulty breathing, weakness, lying down, heart issues, GI distress, seizures, and could even result in coma and death in extreme cases.7,20 Always remove pits from any stone fruits before offering them as a treat.It can cause serious illness and even death in high enough amounts.37 Symptoms generally affect the central nervous system and the digestive system.38 Some symptoms include loss of appetite, diarrhea, stupor, prostration, depression, dilated pupils, salivation, incoordination, weak pulse, rapid heartbeat, confusion, paralysis, and even death.37,39,40 The most solanine is found just under the skin, so potato peels are best avoided entirely.Potatoes that have been in the sun will have increased solanine.40 Potatoes also contain chaconine, another chemical that can be toxic to pigs.39 One study reported symptoms of anorexia, diarrhea, coma, and death when pigs ate sprouting potatoes.37 Solanine is heat stable, meaning just boiling won’t necessarily reduce the solanine, though it has been posited that the toxin leaches into the water from the potato (which should be disposed of), which would reduce the amount in the actual potato.However, if you decide to offer a bit of potato as a treat, to be safe be sure they are free from green colorations and sprouts “eyes” and are peeled, boiled, the water drained and they are rinsed before offering.The amount of tomatine reduces drastically as the fruit matures.44,45 It could potentially cause digestive upset and diarrhea in certain amounts and there have been reports of poisoning in farmed mammals.34,44,45 certain specialty varieties are higher in tomatine when ripe as well.if they come into contact with or ingest a plant that contains the toxins and are then exposed to UV light.49,50,51 The skin may be reddened, irritated, and blistered and pigs may develop lesions on their snout and possibly on their legs or other body parts that have come into close contact with the plant.17,19,49,52 This same thing happens with parsnips and diseased celery though it seems a bigger issue with them.17,19,49 Special care must be taken for white pig residents and residents with white patches or lighter skin as they are especially susceptible to photosensitisation.53.Parsnips: Like celery and parsley, parsnips contain furocoumarins.48 Furocoumarins can cause photodermatitis if pigs come in contact with or ingest them and are exposed to UV light.Reddening of the skin, lesions, and blistering can all be signs of parsnip toxicity.17,19,50 One study reported that old, spoiled, or diseased roots may contain up to 2500% more furocoumarins than fresh, healthy roots.48 The buds, flowers, and ripe seeds contain the most furocoumarins, with concentrations lower in the stems and roots.54 Special care must be taken for white pig residents and residents with white patches or lighter skin as they are especially susceptible to photosensitisation.53.Processed Human Food: Processed foods, especially those that are greasy, salty, or sweet, should be avoided.These foods are not healthy for pigs.Symptoms the first pig experienced included excessive salivation, disorientation, seizures, circling and head pressing, and blindness.The second pig experienced, incoordination, disorientation, apparent blindness, and presented underweight.This is a toxin that affects many species in addition to pigs, including humans.In pigs, eating a diet with raw or dried uncooked kidney beans causes damage to the walls of the small intestine.57,58,59 Studies have shown that raw kidney bean in a pig’s diet causes intestinal changes, possible liver enlargement of the liver, loss of appetite, diarrhea, weight loss (or gain depending on age), impaired growth, and even death in some cases.57,58,59 Raw red kidney beans contain the most of this toxin out of all the beans, but other beans contain the toxin as well and should never be fed to pigs.57 Avoid any raw beans and dry beans and be sure any beans you offer have been well-cooked, for their sake AND yours.If ingested in high enough amounts, it could cause urolithiasis, kidney, and digestive issues.64 Rhubarb also contains anthraquinones which can cause a laxative effect.61,63 Cooking reduces toxin levels in the stalks as it leaches into the water it is boiled in.63 The water should be thrown out.Pigs are sensitive to mycotoxins and they can cause a host of health issues and even death in pigs.65,66 Growing pigs are reported to be more susceptible.65,66 Some mycotoxins can cause pigs to stop eating and start vomiting.Other symptoms of exposure to various mycotoxins include kidney and liver issues, necrotic tissues in their tails and hooves, a suppressed immune system, and reproductive issues.65.Herbicide Poisoning In Animals | Merck Veterinary Manual (Non-Compassionate Source).Investigations Into Glucosinolate Tolerance In The Pig | Journal Of The Science of Food And Agriculture (Non-Compassionate Source).(Non-Compassionate Source).Detoxification Of Cassava Products And Effects Of Residual Toxins On Consuming Animals | The Food And Agriculture Organization (FAO) (Non-Compassionate Source).A Vesiculo-Bullous Disease In Pigs Resembling Foot And Mouth Disease II.Experimental Reproduction Of The Lesion | New Zealand Veterinary Journal (Non-Compassionate Source).A Vesiculo-Bullous Disease In Pigs Resembling Foot And Mouth Disease I.Experimental Reproduction Of The Lesion | New Zealand Veterinary Journal (Non-Compassionate Source).Theobromine As Undesirable Substances In Animal Feed Scientific Opinion Of The Panel In Contaminants In The Food Chain | European Food Safety Authority Journal (Non-Compassionate Source).Nitrate Toxicity In Livestock | Oklahoma State University Extension (Non-Compassionate Source).Nitrates, Nitrites, And Health | University Of Illinois: Colleges Of Agriculture And Veterinary Medicine (Non-Compassionate Source).Poisoning In The Pig | British Veterinary Journal (Non-Compassionate Source).Toxicants That Affect The Autonomic Nervous System (And, In Some Cases, Voluntary Nerves As Well) | Veterinarian Toxicology (Non-Compassionate Source).Photosensitisation In Livestock | Agriculture And Food (Non-Compassionate Source).Pathologic Changes of the Small Intestinal Mucosa of Pigs after Feeding Phaseolus vulgaris Beans | Veterinary Toxicology (Non-Compassionate Source).Plants Poisonous to Livestock | Cornell Department Of Animal Science (Non-Compassionate Source).Mycotoxins And Their Consequences In Livestock | Fungal Diseases in Animals (Non-Compassionate Source).Experimental Lead Toxicosis In Swine | American Journal Of Veterinary Research (Non-Compassionate Source).Foods That Are Known To Be Potentially Toxic To Pigs | Mini Pig Info.Mycotoxins And Their Consequences In Livestock | Fungal Diseases in Animals (Non-Compassionate Source).Peracute Selenium Toxicosis Followed By Sudden Death In Growing And Finishing Pigs | The Canadian Veterinary Journal (Non-Compassionate Source).Snakebite In Domestic Animals: First Global Scoping Review | Preventative Veterinary Medicine (Non-Compassionate Source).Plants Poisonous to Livestock | Cornell Department Of Animal Science (Non-Compassionate Source).Plants Poisonous To Livestock In The Western States | USDA (Non-Compassionate Source). .

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Radishes

But just a few weeks ago, The Humans discovered a new favorite treat that the entire Herd enjoys: green radish leaf.The small bunch of washed, chilled radish leaves makes for a delicious treat your cavy can enjoy all week…just a little at a time. .

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Radishes?

Let’s take a look and find out by taking a look at their nutritional values, in particular, their acid, sugar, fat, phosphorus, and calcium content.Pantothenic acid (B5) 0.165 mg (3%).Vitamin B6 0.071 mg (5%).Vitamin C 14.8 mg (18%).Calcium 25 mg (3%).Phosphorus 20 mg (3%).Taking a look at the above nutritional data, radishes do contain a bit of phosphorus, calcium, a hint of fat and quite a lot of sugar.They are extremely good for guinea pigs and they will love them. .

Things That Are Toxic To Pigs

A Westminster, MD vet offers some advice on senior cat care below.This is also a good time to check your furry friend over, and look for things like lumps, bumps, or sore spots.Safety We always advise keeping cats in: they're just much safer indoors.Veterinary Care Just like people, cats benefit from more frequent veterinary appointments as they age.Love Kitties are very emotional, and they always feel safer when they feel loved and safe.Pay lots of attention to Fluffy, and keep that motor going. .

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