Leaf lettuce, one of the more popular and attractive fall vegetables, makes an ideal border plant and will grow in many areas around the home that receives only partial sunlight.Unless lettuce is grown in a stress?free environment, i.e., plenty of fertilizer, uniform moisture and moderate temperatures, the leaves will be bitter.Texas gardeners can produce a leafy salad crop that is more nutritious than lettuce and grows here optimally.The best technique for planting spinach seed is to simply sprinkle them on the soil and lightly scratch them into the surface with a rake.Generally, spinach that matures when temperatures average between 50 to 60 degrees F. will be fuller?bodied with thicker, more tender leaves.A light application of fertilizer (19-5-9 slow-release) and watering should follow this type of harvest to encourage new leaf growth.Another crop that makes ideal border planting is parsley, which can be harvest throughout the winter in most areas of Texas.Adding small amounts of fertilizer around the plants during the season will help insure high yields of good quality, tasty fall vegetables.Pillbugs (sowbugs) and snails should be eradicated, even if transplants are used, by applying garden-approved baits at planting time and for several weeks in 7 to 10 day intervals thereafter.So, regardless of whether you have a flower bed or huge vegetable garden, now is the time to insure a healthful harvest of sweet salad greens.

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How to Transplant Leggy Spinach

Leggy spinach transplants produce weak growth that can prevent the plants from thriving in the garden.1 Move the potted spinach transplants outdoors one to two weeks before transplanting them, to harden them off.3 Water the seedlings when the soil surface feels dry and provide only enough water to moisten the soil.5 Dig planting holes in the garden bed with a trowel after hardening and strengthening the plants. .

Transplanting vs. Direct Seeding

Snapdragons, nasturtiums, spinach, beets, carrots, and peas are examples of plants that like to start and finish in the same place, mostly due to having a delicate root system.You can browse seed catalogs and choose from the infinite options, rather than being confined to growing whatever transplants your local farmer or garden center has to offer. .

transplanting spinach – Sustainable Market Farming

We just decided to hold back on harvesting our outdoor Vates kale and focus on the greens which are starting to bolt in the hoophouse.We have also cleared the overwintered spinach in one of our coldframes, so we can deal with the voles and get them to relocate before we put flats of vulnerable seedlings out there.After trial and error a couple of years ago, we now clear all the spinach from one frame, then line the cold frame with landscape fabric (going up the walls a way too), wait two weeks, then put the seedlings out on top of the landscape fabric.We have grown our spinach transplants (as well as kale and collards) in the soil in our hoophouse, sowing them in late January.For those relatively new to this blog but living in a similar climate zone, I want to point you to The Complete Twin Oaks Garden Task List Month-by-Month.Following on from last week’s mention of harbinger weeds of spring: chickweed, hen-bit and dead-nettle, I can now report that I’ve seen a flowering crocus (2/17), another marker on our phenology list.Anne Morrow Donley sent me a link to WunderBlog®, the blog from Wunderground, my favorite weather forecast station, to an article by Bob Henson: This is February?I’ll be writing up more about those varieties, linking the 2016 results to the weather each week (especially the temperatures) and adding what I learn in 2017. .

All About Spinach

Start by working 2-4 pounds of a complete fertilizer per 100 square feet into the soil at planting time and then side-dress every two weeks or as necessary to keep the plants growing vigorously.Mix at least 2-4 inches of compost in the row before planting.Plant spinach seeds an inch apart in rows 14-18 inches apart and cover the seeds with a 1/2 inch of soil.Should I Plant Spinach Seeds Or Plants?The best soil temperatures for rapid germination (6-7 days) are between 68 and 86 degrees F. Keeping the soil constantly moist and covering the row with fiber row cover will help to cool the soil and get the seeds up.How Do I Cultivate Spinach Plants?If your garden soil is acid (pH below 7), then be sure to lime the soil based on a soil test to raise the pH to 7.0.Make sure the plants are adequately spaced or you will end up with lots of very small leaves and don't be afraid to side-dress the row with nitrogen to encourage a continual production of leaves.Spinach Plant Insects & Diseases.White rust, blue mold (downy mildew) and the soil-borne disease fusarium wilt are the primary pests in this category.Where this disease is a common problem, as it is in many areas of the South, check with the Extension Service for recommended fungicides.See all our Spinach.

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How to Grow Spinach The Right Way

​Spinach is one of the best cool-weather crops that you can grow.Common Name Spinach Scientific Name Spinacea oleracia Germination Time 8-15 days Days to Harvest 40ish, varies by variety Light Full sun to part shade Water About 1” per week Temperature Cool-season, 60-75 degrees preferred Humidity Can tolerate some humidity Soil Well-draining, alkaline soil Fertilizer High nitrogen fertilizer and compost Pests Flea beetles, spider mites, aphids, cutworms, armyworms, leafminers, slugs, snails Diseases Downy mildew, powdery mildew, white rust, anthracnose, cercospora leaf spot, spinach blight, fusarium wilt.Variety Growing Time Description Where To Buy Bloomsdale 50 days Heirloom savoy variety from 1925, extremely popular.Buy Seeds Escalade 43 days Mild flavor, upright habit, mildew resistance, and a reluctance to bolt.Buy Seeds America 43 days Thick green leaves perfect for freezing, canning, or fresh use.Buy Seeds.Easier to clean than savoy varieties, the flat leaf spinach types are often used for processing into frozen or canned spinach.Variety Growing Time Description Where To Buy Red Kitten 40 days Medium green leaves with red stems.Buy Seeds Baby’s Leaf 40 days Lots of leaf, very little stem.Buy Seeds.Hybrids of the flat-leaf and savoy spinach types have produced a semi-savoy.It has some of the easier-to-clean benefits of flat leaf varieties, but works well in both fresh and cooked uses.Variety Growing Time Description Where To Buy Kolibri 29 days High downy mildew resistance, quick growing.Buy Seeds Seaside 40 days Resistant to heat bolting, semi-smooth leaves.Disease-resistant with uniform growth, great flavor.Buy Seeds.Planting Spinach.When To Plant Spinach.Early spring and in the fall are the two times of year when spinach is most likely to come to full maturity before bolting.Planting your seeds as soon as the ground can be worked in the spring is the best way to get a full crop before the weather starts to get hot.You can actually plant before the final frost in most areas, but the seeds won’t germinate unless the soil temperature’s above 40, and it may be a slower growth process.Where To Plant Spinach.How To Plant Spinach.Be careful: crowding spinach plants will result in weak plants, stunted growth, and quick bolting.While some varieties of spinach are surprisingly cold-hardy and can handle chills down into freezing temperatures, their leaf production greatly slows down as the temperature drops.Similarly, overly warm conditions will tell your spinach that it’s time to produce seed and prepare to die of heat exhaustion.The taproot will search deep in the soil for water, but the rest of the roots need moisture too!Regular, shallow waterings are better than one heavy watering.A few days to a week prior to planting your spinach, work some compost and a slow-release, high-nitrogen fertilizer into the soil where you’ll be planting.Once there are four young leaves there, you can add an extra dose of a high-nitrogen liquid fertilizer around the base of your plant.These fertilizers should be worked into the top inch or so of the soil a few inches from the plant itself and should be thoroughly watered in.Spinach is an annual plant; once it has gone to seed, its lifespan is essentially over, and other than potential harvesting of the seed the plant can be removed.Like many other leafy vegetables, it’s advisable to regularly harvest leaves from the plant to encourage faster and bushier growth.Unlike many other green plants, spinach does not grow from cuttings, as the leaves and stems will not form new roots.Spinach seed can be stored for a few years in normal seed storage options, but the tiny seeds lose their ability to germinate when they get too old.It’s possible to transplant spinach… I just don’t recommend it if it was initially grown in a container!It’s better to just plant your spinach directly in the soil as seed and allow it to develop normally.Harvesting and Storing Spinach.Once you’ve got a bunch of spinach plants, it’s definitely time to start harvesting your produce!Many people prefer to wait until their plant has developed some good leaf growth, but spinach can also be grown as a sprout or as microgreens.To harvest baby spinach leaves, wait until it’s formed a rosette of at least five to six leaves, and then harvest.If you remove all of the leaves, the plant will not grow to maturity, so if you plan to harvest baby spinach, regularly re-sow to maintain steady production.Be sure to leave at least a portion of the leaf stem on the leaf as removal of the stem will cause the leaf to wilt more quickly.To clean it, fill a large bowl with cool water and place your spinach inside.Once they’re clean, remove any damaged, wilted, diseased or discolored leaves, and then dry the spinach leaves completely.Be sure to remove any excess air in the bag before freezing!Spinach is a low-acid food, so must be canned with a pressure canner to avoid the risk of botulism.To dry your spinach, follow the manufacturer’s directions on your dehydrator or freeze dryer.As long as you’ve followed the steps mentioned above, you should be able to grow a good crop of spinach.Growing Problems.Plants that bolt to produce seed are suffering from weather that’s just simply too warm.That doesn’t make for a good spinach harvest!There are also some great DIY pest control methods that work against slugs and snails!It’s best to avoid downy mildew by ensuring good airflow around your plants and by watering the soil rather than the leaves.Powdery mildew can also become a problem on spinach, but it can be treated with repeated applications of neem oil.Growing resistant varieties and preventing aphids on your spinach are both essential protections. .

The Ultimate Spinach Growing Guide

Since both hot weather and long days trigger spinach to bolt (send up a seed stalk) quickly, the secret to success with this crop is to start sowing seeds as soon as possible in spring; to make small, frequent plantings during late spring and summer; and to concentrate on fall as the season for the main crop.Planting.Spinach does best when growing in moist, nitrogen-rich soil.Using cold frames or heavyweight row covers, you can grow spinach all winter in many parts of the country.Sow seed heavily, because the germination rate drops to about 50% in warm weather, and water the seed beds frequently — even twice a day — because watering helps to cool the soil.Prevent leafminer problems by keeping your crop covered with floating row cover.Reduce the spread of disease spores by not working around wet plants.In six to eight weeks you can start harvesting from any plant that has at least six three or four inch long leaves. .

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