Abu, J., Batuwangala, M., Herbert, K., and Symonds, P. Retinoic acid and retinoid receptors: potential chemopreventive and therapeutic role in cervical cancer.An epoxide-furanoid rearrangement of spinach neoxanthin occurs in the gastrointestinal tract of mice and in vitro: formation and cytostatic activity of neochrome stereoisomers.Bajpai, M., Mishra, A., and Prakash, D.

Antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities of some leafy vegetables.Bakore, N., John, P. J., and Bhatnagar, P. Evaluation of organochlorine insecticide residue levels in locally marketed vegetables of Jaipur City, Rajasthan, India.Bakshi, S., Bergman, M., Dovrat, S., and Grossman, S. Unique natural antioxidants (NAOs) and derived purified components inhibit cell cycle progression by downregulation of ppRb and E2F in human PC3 prostate cancer cells.Bengmark, S.

and Gianotti, L. Nutritional support to prevent and treat multiple organ failure.Betsche, T. and Fretzdorff, B.

Biodegradation of oxalic acid from spinach using cereal radicles.Bhatia, A. L. and Jain, M.

Spinacia oleracea L. protects against gamma radiations: a study on glutathione and lipid peroxidation in mouse liver.Bohn, T., Davidsson, L., Walczyk, T., and Hurrell, R. F.

Fractional magnesium absorption is significantly lower in human subjects from a meal served with an oxalate-rich vegetable, spinach, as compared with a meal served with kale, a vegetable with a low oxalate content.Brinkley, L., McGuire, J., Gregory, J., and Pak, C. Y.

Bioavailability of oxalate in foods.Brogren, M. and Savage, G. P.

Bioavailability of soluble oxalate from spinach eaten with and without milk products.Cao, G., Russell, R. M., Lischner, N., and Prior, R. L.

Serum antioxidant capacity is increased by consumption of strawberries, spinach, red wine or vitamin C in elderly women.Castenmiller, J. J., West, C.

E., Linssen, J. P., het Hof, K.

H., and Voragen, A. G. The food matrix of spinach is a limiting factor in determining the bioavailability of beta-carotene and to a lesser extent of lutein in humans.Charatan, F. FDA warns US consumers not to eat spinach after E coli outbreak.Chen, Z., Ye, Z., Zeng, L., and Yang, W.

Clinical investigation on gastric oxalate absorption.Chitchumroonchokchai, C., Schwartz, S. J., and Failla, M. L. Assessment of lutein bioavailability from meals and a supplement using simulated digestion and caco-2 human intestinal cells.Cho, Y. O. and Kim, B.

Y. Vitamin B6 intake by Koreans should be based on sufficient amount and a variety of food sources.E. coli O157:H7 outbreak in the United States associated with bagged fresh spinach.Faulks, R.

M., Hart, D. J., Brett, G.

M., Dainty, J. R., and Southon, S.

Kinetics of gastro-intestinal transit and carotenoid absorption and disposal in ileostomy volunteers fed spinach meals.Finch, A. M., Kasidas, G. P., and Rose, G.

A. Urine composition in normal subjects after oral ingestion of oxalate-rich foods.Fruit polyphenolics and brain aging: nutritional interventions targeting age-related neuronal and behavioral deficits.Garber, A.

K., Binkley, N. C., Krueger, D. C., and Suttie, J. W. Comparison of phylloquinone bioavailability from food sources or a supplement in human subjects.Gustafsson, K., Asp, N. G., Hagander, B., and Nyman, M.

Satiety effects of spinach in mixed meals: comparison with other vegetables.A., Molloy, A. M., Kerr, M. A., and McNulty, H.

Determining bioavailability of food folates in a controlled intervention study.He, T., Huang, C. Y., Chen, H., and Hou, Y. H. Effects of spinach powder fat-soluble extract on proliferation of human gastric adenocarcinoma cells.The influence of dietary factors on the risk of urinary stone formation.Hora, R., Warriner, K., Shelp, B.

J., and Griffiths, M. W. Internalization of Escherichia coli O157:H7 following biological and mechanical disruption of growing spinach plants.Iijima, H., Kasai, N., Chiku, H., Takeuchi, T., Kuramochi, K., Hanashima, S., Kobayashi, S., Sugawara, F., Sakaguchi, K., Yoshida, H., and Mizushina, Y. Structure-activity relationship of a glycolipid, sulfoquinovosyl diacylglycerol, with the DNA binding activity of p53.Jablasone, J., Warriner, K., and Griffiths, M. Interactions of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes plants cultivated in a gnotobiotic system.Jaeger, P., Portmann, L., and Burckhardt, P. [Idiopathic calcium nephrolithiasis: therapeutic aspects].Jian, L., Du, C.

J., Lee, A. H., and Binns, C.

W. Do dietary lycopene and other carotenoids protect against prostate cancer?A., Shukitt-Hale, B., and Casadesus, G.

Reversing the deleterious effects of aging on neuronal communication and behavior: beneficial properties of fruit polyphenolic compounds.Kumar, A., Agarwal, R. K., Bhilegaonkar, K. N., Shome, B.

R., and Bachhil, V. N. Occurrence of Campylobacter jejuni in vegetables.Kuriyama, I., Musumi, K., Yonezawa, Y., Takemura, M., Maeda, N., Iijima, H., Hada, T., Yoshida, H., and Mizushina, Y. Inhibitory effects of glycolipids fraction from spinach on mammalian DNA polymerase activity and human cancer cell proliferation.Lomnitski, L., Bergman, M., Nyska, A., Ben Shaul, V., and Grossman, S. Composition, efficacy, and safety of spinach extracts.Macone, A., Nardini, M., Antonucci, A., Maggio, A., and Matarese, R. M.

Identification of aminoethylcysteine ketimine decarboxylated dimer, a natural antioxidant, in dietary vegetables.Maeda, N., Hada, T., Murakami-Nakai, C., Kuriyama, I., Ichikawa, H., Fukumori, Y., Hiratsuka, J., Yoshida, H., Sakaguchi, K., and Mizushina, Y.Effects of DNA polymerase inhibitory and antitumor activities of lipase-hydrolyzed glycolipid fractions from spinach.Malmauret, L., Parent-Massin, D., Hardy, J. L., and Verger, P. Contaminants in organic and conventional foodstuffs in France.Matsubara, K., Matsumoto, H., Mizushina, Y., Mori, M., Nakajima, N., Fuchigami, M., Yoshida, H., and Hada, T. Inhibitory effect of glycolipids from spinach on in vitro and ex vivo angiogenesis.McKillop, D. J., McNulty, H., Scott, J. M., McPartlin, J.

M., Strain, J. J., Bradbury, I., Girvan, J., Hoey, L., McCreedy, R., Alexander, J., Patterson, B. K., Hannon-Fletcher, M., and Pentieva, K. The rate of intestinal absorption of natural food folates is not related to the extent of folate conjugation.McKillop, D. J., Pentieva, K. D., Scott, J.

M., Strain, J. J., McCreedy, R., Alexander, J., Patterson, K., Hughes, J., and McNulty, H. Protocol for the production of concentrated extracts of food folate for use in human bioavailability studies.Mito, N., Takimoto, H., Umegaki, K., Ishiwaki, A., Kusama, K., Fukuoka, H., Ohta, S., Abe, S., Yamawaki, M., Ishida, H., and Yoshiike, N. Folate intakes and folate biomarker profiles of pregnant Japanese women in the first trimester.Miwa, N., Masuda, T., Terai, K., Kawamura, A., Otani, K., and Miyamoto, H. Bacteriological investigation of an outbreak of Clostridium perfringens food poisoning caused by Japanese food without animal protein.The potential role of dietary xanthophylls in cataract and age-related macular degeneration.Morrow, S. A., Nabity, S.

A., Ehlers, S. J., Cottrell, S.

A., Rhee, J. T., Loyal, J.

K., and Schulz, E. N. Corrections to the report of San Mateo County enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:h7 outbreak associated with raw spinach.Muller, H., Bub, A., Watzl, B., and Rechkemmer, G.

Plasma concentrations of carotenoids in healthy volunteers after intervention with carotenoid-rich foods.Munoz, O., Diaz, O. P., Leyton, I., Nunez, N., Devesa, V., Suner, M. A., Velez, D., and Montoro, R.

Vegetables collected in the cultivated Andean area of northern Chile: total and inorganic arsenic contents in raw vegetables.O'Neill, M. E., Carroll, Y., Corridan, B., Olmedilla, B., Granado, F., Blanco, I., van den, Berg H., Hininger, I., Rousell, A. M., Chopra, M., Southon, S., and Thurnham, D.

I.Obana, H., Akutsu, K., Okihashi, M., and Hori, S. Multiresidue analysis of pesticides in vegetables and fruits using two-layered column with graphitized carbon and water absorbent polymer.Ongoing multistate outbreak of Escherichia coli serotype O157:H7 infections associated with consumption of fresh spinach--United States, September 2006.Ozcakar, L.

and Oguz, A. K.

Spinach attack: a funny turn in gouty arthritis.Pellegrini, N., Serafini, M., Colombi, B., Del Rio, D., Salvatore, S., Bianchi, M., and Brighenti, F. Total antioxidant capacity of plant foods, beverages and oils consumed in Italy assessed by three different in vitro assays.Porrini, M., Riso, P., and Oriani, G. Spinach and tomato consumption increases lymphocyte DNA resistance to oxidative stress but this is not related to cell carotenoid concentrations.Prinz-Langenohl, R., Bronstrup, A., Thorand, B., Hages, M., and Pietrzik, K. Availability of food folate in humans.Rahman, F. A., Allan, D. L., Rosen, C.

J., and Sadowsky, M. J. Arsenic availability from chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood.Rai, A., Mohapatra, S.

C., and Shukla, H. S.

Correlates between vegetable consumption and gallbladder cancer.Reddy, M. K., Alexander-Lindo, R.

L., and Nair, M. G. Relative inhibition of lipid peroxidation, cyclooxygenase enzymes, and human tumor cell proliferation by natural food colors.Riso, P., Brusamolino, A., Ciappellano, S., and Porrini, M.

Comparison of lutein bioavailability from vegetables and supplement.Riso, P., Brusamolino, A., Scalfi, L., and Porrini, M. Bioavailability of carotenoids from spinach and tomatoes.B., Grove, D. S., and Seal, S.

N. Mechanism of activation by anions of phosphoglycolate phosphatases from spinach and human red blood cells.Sanchez, I., Rodriguez, F., Garcia-Abujeta, J.

L., Fernandez, L., Quinones, D., and Martin-Gil, D. Oral allergy syndrome induced by spinach.Sander, C.

and Jacobi, H. [Methemoglobin poisoning in a 2-year old boy after eating spinach].Savino, F., Maccario, S., Guidi, C., Castagno, E., Farinasso, D., Cresi, F., Silvestro, L., and Mussa, G. C.

Methemoglobinemia caused by the ingestion of courgette soup given in order to resolve constipation in two formula-fed infants.Schreiber, J., Muller, E., Becker, W. M., Zabel, P., Schlaak, M., and Amthor, M. [Spinach powder-induced exogenous allergic alveolitis].Schuller, A., Morisset, M., Maadi, F., Kolopp Sarda, M. N., Fremont, S., Parisot, L., Kanny, G., and Moneret-Vautrin, D. A.Occupational asthma due to allergy to spinach powder in a pasta factory.Spinach or carrots can supply significant amounts of vitamin A as assessed by feeding with intrinsically deuterated vegetables.Teschemacher, H. Opioid receptor ligands derived from food proteins.The FDA: fresh leafy greens grown in the United States are safe.Tokui, N., Yoshimura, T., Fujino, Y., Mizoue, T., Hoshiyama, Y., Yatsuya, H., Sakata, K., Kondo, T., Kikuchi, S., Toyoshima, H., Hayakawa, N., Kubo, T., and Tamakoshi, A.

Dietary habits and stomach cancer risk in the JACC Study.Torres-Sanchez, L., Lopez-Carrillo, L., Lopez-Cervantes, M., Rueda-Neria, C., and Wolff, M. S.

Food sources of phytoestrogens and breast cancer risk in Mexican women.Young, Lee N., Jo, C., Hwa, Shin D., Geun, Kim W., and Woo, Byun M. Effect of gamma-irradiation on pathogens inoculated into ready-to-use vegetables.Zetterquist, W., Pedroletti, C., Lundberg, J. O., and Alving, K. Salivary contribution to exhaled nitric oxide.Bolton-Smith C, Price RJ, Fenton ST, et al. Compilation of a provisional UK database for the phylloquinone (vitamin K1) content of foods.Chasan-Taber L, Willett WC, Seddon JM, et al. A prospective study of carotenoid and vitamin A intakes and risk of cataract extraction in US women.Humfrey, C.

D. Phytoestrogens and human health effects: weighing up the current evidence.Long-term dietary strawberry, spinach, or vitamin E supplementation retards the onset of age-related neuronal signal-transduction and cognitive behavioral deficits.Reversals of age-related declines in neuronal signal transduction, cognitive, and motor behavioral deficits with blueberry, spinach, or strawberry dietary supplementation.Karlson, B., Leijd, B., and Hellstrom, K. On the influence of vitamin K-rich vegetables and wine on the effectiveness of warfarin treatment.Maillard, H., Lemerle, E., Garot, D., Leclech, C., and Machet, L.

[Crossed spinach-latex allergy revealed by exercise-induced anaphylaxis].Maillard, H., Machet, L., Meurisse, Y., Garot, D., Toledano, C., Jan, V., and Vaillant, L. Cross-allergy to latex and spinach.Seddon JM, Ajani UA, Sperduto R, et al. Dietary carotenoids, vitamins A, C, and E, and advanced age-related macular degeneration.Wilson, R. D., Davies, G., Desilets, V., Reid, G.

J., Summers, A., Wyatt, P., and Young, D. The use of folic acid for the prevention of neural tube defects and other congenital anomalies.

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Can Spinach Thin Your Blood?

Spinach supplies your body with an abundance of nutrients without adding excess calories to your diet.This property may interact with blood thinner medications, making it important to discuss your diet with your doctor.You may prepare spinach by sautéing, steaming, microwaving, or simply washing the leaves.Your body uses this form of vitamin A to support the health of your eyes, immune system, skin and bones.It also supplies your body with almost 245 mcg of vitamin K, the nutrient that plays a role in blood clotting.It also supplies your body with almost 245 mcg of vitamin K, the nutrient that plays a role in blood clotting. .

Blood Thinners and Greens: A Mix to Avoid? How to Eat Well for

The INR is a test used by doctors and pharmacists to check the effectiveness of blood thinning medication (Coumadin/warfarin) and to adapt the dosage.For your information, here are a few examples of natural products that could influence your INR more than eating green vegetables:.Those which increase INR values: Boldo and fenugreek Cranberry juice (in large quantities) Danshen Devil’s Claw Dong Quai Garlic capsules Ginger Ginko biloba Mayweed Papain Vitamin E (in doses larger than 400 units/day).Those which reduce INR values: Coenzyme Q10 Ginseng Green tea (in large quantities) St. John’s Wort.Two main reasons can explain why reducing your intake of green vegetables is not necessary, even if you’re going through anticoagulation therapy.For these reasons, we recommend an intake of 1 to 2 portions of green vegetables each day, even for those taking Coumadin.Note: if you are a fan of Asian cuisine and regularly eat natto (a traditional Japanese food made from fermented soya beans), it would be a good idea to avoid it, because it contains a large quantity of Vitamin K (much higher than what is commonly found in vegetables), which can influence your INR.High Content Cabbage, Brussels sprouts, spinach, kale, turnips Average Content Asparagus, avocado, broccoli, carrots, celery, cauliflower, red cabbage, cucumber, watercress, green beans, oils (canola, olive, soya), lettuce (Boston, Iceberg, romaine), fresh parsley, leek, green peas, tomato.So, in answer to the original question, no, it isn’t necessary to avoid green vegetables because the Vitamin K they contain enables a better control of both coagulation and medication.Our heart-healthy menus are approved by the nutritionists at EPIC, Montreal Heart Institute’s Center for Preventative Medicine, even for their anticoagulation therapy patients. .

5 of the Best Natural Blood Thinners

You may want to talk to your doctor about the following natural remedies that have been reported to help thin the blood.Never take these natural remedies instead of or with your prescription blood thinning medication without first talking to your doctor. .

Vitamin K in Foods (Discharge Care)

This can help prevent dangerous problems, such as a stroke (a blood clot in the brain).Vitamin K helps your blood to clot (thicken to stop bleeding).Warfarin works by making it harder for your body to use vitamin K to clot blood.Changes in the amount of vitamin K that you normally eat can affect how warfarin works.Your healthcare provider can tell how well warfarin is working from a blood test that you will have regularly.Multivitamins and other supplements may contain 10 to 80 mcg of vitamin K. These amounts can cause changes in your INR.© Copyright IBM Corporation 2021 Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes.All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc.

or IBM Watson Health.Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. .

Study: Leafy Greens OK For People on Warfarin

Vitamin K aids clotting, so patients on the anti-clotting drug (or "anticoagulant") warfarin are often warned by their physicians to limit the amount of foods rich in the nutrient. .

Can Certain Vegetables Thicken Your Blood?

If you bruise or bleed easily or have heavy periods, thickening your blood may be beneficial.Vitamin K deficiency is rare and usually occurs when your body is not properly absorbing fat.If you are a patient on blood-thinning drugs such as Coumadin, vitamin K intake from dietary sources may need to be limited to allow for the medications to work as prescribed.According to the Institute of Medicine's Food and Nutrition Board, the recommended dietary allowance for adult males and females is 90 mcg/day.A 2011 study published in the "Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research" looked at a group of patients with chronic wounds and found that low levels of vitamin K intake were associated with increasing wound severity.For a full and complete list of vitamin K levels in foods, visit the reference link for the University of Utah Health Care. .

Leafy Greens and Coumadin: What You Need to Know

The organization’s mission is to guide people to good health and happier lives by rediscovering and embracing the healthy, sustainable joys of the “old ways” of shared cultural traditions.If you’re taking any medications (especially blood thinning drugs like Warfarin, commonly sold as Coumadin or Jantoven), it’s important to talk with your doctor to determine an appropriate amount of green vegetables for you.This means that eating foods rich in vitamin K (primarily found in leafy green vegetables) can interact with blood thinning drugs, making them less effective.By embracing the tenets of brain healthy cooking, and by keeping open lines of communication with your medical team, we hope you will see changes that allow you to be a happier, healthier you. .

Why consuming spinach in excess is bad

In the end it was upto Popeye to motivate kids to eat spinach, and boy, did he do the job. .

7 Diet Tips to Help Prevent Deep Vein Thrombosis

The bad news: DVT can lead to serious illness, disability, or, in severe cases, death, if part of the clot breaks off, travels to your lungs, and blocks blood flow, causing a pulmonary embolism. .

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