It is often grown as a summer substitute for spinach because of its tolerance for warm temperatures.It also withstands cool temperatures and can be grown from early spring right up to frost.Swiss chard prefers rich, well-drained soil in full sun or light shade.Plants are rarely bothered by pests and diseases and grow easily. .
How to Grow Swiss Chard from seed – West Coast Seeds
They grow easily and well in our climate and stand in the garden for many months, giving a long harvest from one planting.Continue reading below for some useful tips on how to grow Swiss chard from seed.Swiss chard prefers loose, deep, and fertile soil that is rich in organic matter.Plenty of consistent moisture is required, especially as plants grow larger.It grows best in full sun, but will tolerate light shade in summer.A liquid fertilizer or compost tea applied twice during summer will keep chard growing well.For salad mix, seed more densely and cut as baby leaves. .
Growing Vegetables in the Shade
Do you have a dark wall that you can paint white to reflect sunlight, boosting the amount of light available to your plants?You might be surprised by the amount of dappled light peeking through branches, or the way sunlight shifts positions throughout the year, illuminating your garden in spring and fall.Depending on your climate, vegetables may even appreciate some afternoon shade, particularly in extremely hot Southern summers, where full sun makes many plants wilt.If zero sunlight reaches your back garden, consider growing veggies in containers in a partially sunny spot in your front yard or on a deck or balcony.Or, you may want to "limb up" the trees in your yard by removing the lower branches, which can allow more sunlight to penetrate leafy shade.In summer and fall, sunlight slants beneath the tree canopies, so doing this can make a real difference.Many vegetables grow beautifully in containers, too, providing a pretty and practical addition to your patio, balcony, or front porch.For more than 100 years, our company has produced plants specifically for home gardeners, growing the best varieties that set you up for success.With a little planning and a bit of flexibility, you can still grow a garden chock full of delicious, homegrown food. .
How to Grow Swiss Chard
When dietitians talk about leafy green vegetables, Swiss chard is at the top of the list.Sow chard seeds directly in the garden in spring when the soil reaches 50 degrees F, or about two weeks before the last frost date.A fence is your best bet for keeping deer from consuming your crop in late summer or fall.Swiss chard tolerates light frost, so you can harvest inner leaves through November even in northern climates.With a season extender, cold frame, row cover, or greenhouse you can grow and harvest Swiss chard into the winter.If you started the seeds indoors in a container, you will need to transplant the seedlings when it is time to move them outdoors.When consumed in excess, oxalic acid can cause symptoms such as abdominal discomfort, convulsions or tremors, low blood pressure, kidney stones, vomiting, and weak pulse.Because blanching takes literally a few minutes, it’s recommended to freeze Swiss chard before you store it to avoid these risks.Freezing your homegrown Swiss chard stops the action of the enzymes that can cause the greens to become bitter while they’re being stored in the freezer.If you prefer baby leaves, you can harvest Swiss chard just 30 days after planting.To harvest Swiss chard correctly, pick the leaves by snapping the stem right at the base of the plant.If you are sowing your own seeds, you can get quite an early head start outdoors as they thrive on colder temperatures.If you want to get an early start on growing Swiss chard, sow seeds indoors and move them outside as temperatures begin to warm up.Soak seeds for 15 minutes in cold water prior to planting to speed up germination.Don’t allow the leaves to grow bigger than 10 inches long, as they will begin to taste earthy and bitter.It’s unlikely that you will accidentally consume enough Swiss chard to be problematic, but eating more than seven pounds per day of this leafy green can cause health problems.The oxalic acid that provides chard with its bitter, earthy flavor can also cause symptoms including abdominal discomfort, convulsions or tremors, low blood pressure, kidney stones, vomiting, and weak pulse if you consume too much of it.Like all garden vegetables, Swiss chard performs best when provided with a regular source of water.Swiss chard isn’t just tasty—it’s nutritious, too, with lots of health benefits when you make it part of your regular diet.Swiss chard is a very hardy plant, which can endure hot and cold weather with relative ease.Swiss chard can even stand a bit of neglect on your part, and tends to bounce back easily from less than optimal growing conditions.Swiss chard isn’t just acceptable for dogs to eat—it’s a healthy part of our canine friends’ diet.This leafy green provides dogs with calcium, iron, potassium, and a dose of vitamins A, C, and K.When consumed in moderation (as most of us are likely to do under usual circumstances), Swiss chard is a delicious and healthy part of the diet.This potential downfall is due to the oxalic acid that gives the greens their signature bitter, earthy flavor.Getting more than your fair share of oxalic acid can result in symptoms including abdominal discomfort, convulsions or tremors, low blood pressure, kidney stones, vomiting, and weak pulse.Although plenty of plants make good neighbors for Swiss chard in the garden, there are some varieties you should watch out for. .
Growing Swiss Chard
Fortunately, it is easy to grow in the ground or in containers—especially when you begin with strong, vigorous Bonnie Plants® Swiss chard starter plants—and is one of the few greens that tolerates both cool weather and heat.It will linger in the spring garden much longer than mustard, turnips, arugula, or other greens with the tendency to bolt.Get your growing season off to a great start by mixing in several inches of aged compost or other rich organic matter into your native soil.Plants are generally problem free but may be attacked by aphids, mites, or caterpillars that chew holes in the leaves.For advice on how to handle pests and diseases in the garden, contact your local Extension agency.Chop large leaves to cook down like spinach, or use in casseroles, soups, and pasta.In areas that never experience a hard freeze, Swiss chard sometimes behaves like a perennial, living for several years.Whole harvested leaves will keep in the refrigerator for about 2 weeks in a loose plastic bag or sealed container.Swiss chard is a neat plant that grows well among other vegetables as shown in this raised planter at Juniper Front Community Garden in San Diego.Harvest large leaves by cutting them from the outer part of the plant at the base of their stems. .
Shade-Tolerant Vegetables and Herbs — Seattle's Favorite Garden
Many gardeners don’t have the opportunity to grow in the ideal 8+ hours of full sun, especially in the city.Areas that receive dappled sun or filtered sunlight for most of the day are also considered to be in partial shade.It can be tricky to grow them during the hottest part of the summer because these veggies go to seed (also known as bolting) more quickly with too much heat or sun.With 3-4 hours of sun daily, they will grow more slowly but you can harvest them as “baby greens” and they will be tender and sweet.You can harvest root veggies before they reach their full size for "baby" vegetables, or wait a little longer for a fully mature crop.They’ll take a little longer to reach full size in 4-5 hours of sun, but partial shade will prevent them from bolting (going to seed) too quickly.Radishes especially prefer a bit of shade from the heat of summer, to keep them from turning woody and bolting.Keep in mind that you can harvest the delicious greens of beets, turnips, and radishes even if the root stays small.These veggies in the Brassica genus grow tighter heads and flower later with partial sun. .