To do so, you can either remove the unwanted seedlings or you can dig up the clump and transplant the seedlings.For this first thinning, leave about 4 inches of space between the Swiss chard plants.The best time to transplant seedlings is when you have one set of true leaves.Now you're ready to transplant the chard seedlings.Then pick up a seedling by its leaves and nestle its roots into the hole.Backfill the planting hole with soil.Backfill the planting hole with soil. .

Swiss Chard – Wisconsin Horticulture

Also know as silverbeet (mainly in New Zealand and Australia), chard is a biennial plant grown as an annual for its rosette of big crinkly leaves and/or wide crunchy stems.The leaves are very similar to beet greens, but have prominent, enlarged midribs and are borne on stout petioles.Chard does best in full sun, although it tolerates partial shade and likes fertile, well-worked soil with good drainage and high organic content.Aphids and spinach leafminer occasionally infest chard but there are no serious disease problems.Lamb’s-quarters (Chenopodium album) is a wild host of the leafminer which commonly grows in and around, so flies may continue to move in from infested weeds in nearby areas.The petioles can be white, yellow, gold, orange, pink, red or striped.The petioles can be white, yellow, gold, orange, pink, red or striped.‘Fordhook Giant’ has broad, thick white midribs and petioles, with heavily crinkled, dark green leaves.‘Lucullus’ is an older variety that produces very broad and thick, white or pale green petioles.‘Rhubarb’ produces crumpled, dark green leaves with deep red veins.The broad white stems and crumpled, glossy dark green leaves can be harvested individually or as a whole plant.The brightly colored petioles and wide, dark green leaves are quite attractive and are easily incorporated into the landscape as an annual ornamental foliage plant.Or you can wait until the plant is more mature to cut all the leaves off as a bunch at about 3″ above the soil surface and let it grow back.Swiss chard is quite cold tolerant and will continue to grow in the garden through frosts until temperatures drop to the mid-20’s.A cold frame usually ensures fresh chard well into December in southern Wisconsin. .

How to Grow Chard Growing Guide

Avoid applying fresh manure, rotted compost added in Spring will be very beneficial.The stalks are red or white with large, dark green leaves that can be used as salad leaves when small or cooked like spinach when allowed to grow medium to large leaves.Chard is a leafy vegetable that favours colder weather.It isn't difficult to grow, but does require some maintenance as trimming the leaves frequently helps improve chard's flavor.Chard is easy to sow as the seeds are quite big but if you find it difficult here's a handy tip: Crease a sheet of stiff paper and place the seeds in it, give it a few taps and they will all naturally line up in the fold.Cover the seeds with another layer of compost then scrape across the top of the tray with a stick to remove excess.A good tip is to use a plastic bottle with small holes punched in the cap.Place your trays in your greenhouse, polytunnel, cold frame or windowsill to germinate. .

The Charms of Growing Chard

When I give talks to new veggie gardeners, I tell them that it's important to keep an open mind and try new things, because their gardens may want to grow crops that they are not used to eating.Today variety selection is even better, and a little seed shopping will turn up individual varieties with ribs that glow in red, yellow, orange, pink or magenta.Growing Chard.The first thing you learn when growing chard is that all of the colors are beautiful.Chard does not turn bitter in hot weather like other cooking greens tend to do, so it earns its space in the summer garden. .

Swiss Chard: Growing Guide

In English, it’s been known variously as silverbeet, strawberry spinach, Roman kale, and leaf beet, among others.Chard is a biennial plant, meaning it has a two year life cycle, but it is cultivated as an annual in the vegetable garden and harvested in its first season of growth.Once it begins to flower and set seed in its second year, its leaves turn bitter and unpalatable.Both the leaves and stalks of chard are edible.Some varieties of chard have colorful stems that contrast with its broad green leaves, making it a great choice for edible landscaping, where edible plants are combined with ornamental ones to add beauty and interest to the landscape instead of relegating them to a strictly utilitarian vegetable bed.Begin sowing seeds as early as 2 weeks before the average last frost date in spring.(Use the tender leaves from this second thinning in a spring salad.).For vigorous growth, feed chard plants with a high nitrogen fertilizer every 4-6 weeks.Make sure plants have a consistent supply of moisture throughout the growing season, especially when the weather turns warm.Cover beds with row cover fabric as soon as seeds are planted to keep beetles away.Leaf Spot.You can begin harvesting plants when their leaves are about 6 inches long, usually about 6 weeks after planting.For an extended harvest, break or cut off the outer leaves at their base, leaving the plant’s inner leaves to continue growing. .

Tips for Growing Swiss Chard in Your Garden

These tips for growing Swiss chard will help you care for your chard plants from seed to harvest.If you are considering growing Swiss chard this season, take a look below at tips for growing Swiss chard in your garden.Tips for Growing Swiss Chard in Your Garden.How to plant Swiss chard seeds:.Rows should be at least 18 inches apart as the plant will need plenty of room to grow and you need plenty of room to harvest.You will find that Swiss chard seedlings need to be thinned out.So why not try growing some Swiss chard in your garden this season?It is an easy to grow green that the whole family will enjoy. .

How to Plant and Grow Swiss Chard

But instead of featuring a well-developed and flavorful root, its claim to fame is glossy puckered leaves veined with bright white, orange, magenta, red, or yellow, with firm stalks to match.Think spinach meets celery under neon lights, and you have a pretty good description of this colorful and nutritious vegetable.Successful cultivation requires a location that gets full sun to part shade, with soil that is organically rich and well-draining.Also, they note that chard is not “day-length sensitive,” a botanical phenomenon called “photoperiodism.” This is why it’s less prone to bolting, or prematurely setting seed, than other leafy greens like spinach and lettuce.With its glossy leaves and vivid, multi-colored stems, it makes an eye-catching focal point in beds, borders, and containers, especially in the autumn garden, as the last blossoms of summer fade.The word “Swiss” was added by the 19th century to help seed catalog shoppers differentiate chard from French spinach.You may find it listed for sale as “decorticated” or “pelletized,” meaning the rough edges have been made smooth, so it passes more easily through seeding tools.When selecting varieties to plant, consult seed packets for information on mature dimensions, to plan your beds or containers appropriately.Choose a smaller-stature variety, and trim leaves as soon as they reach six inches, to encourage more leaf than root growth.Prepare your garden soil to a depth of about 12 inches, working in any recommended amendments, and fertilizing if you so choose.Water and maintain even moisture, never allowing the soil to completely dry out during the plants’ acclimation to their new location.Supplement in the absence of rain, or plants will slow leaf production until moisture is restored.Good “companions” are those with similar sun, soil, and water needs that don’t attract pests and diseases that would have an adverse effect on your vegetable.Good choices for sharing space with B. vulgaris are members of the brassicas and cole crops, like broccoli, Brussels sprouts, radishes, and cabbage.Other excellent companions include chamomile, coreopsis, lettuce, mint, nasturtium, and sweet alyssum.In addition, having refreshing birdbaths and welcoming birdhouses attract feathered friends that also feed on insect pests.Avoid planting corn; cucurbits like cucumber, melon, and pumpkin; and potatoes nearby for the reasons stated above.The standard cultivar has a smaller stature, with stalks from 8 to 10 inches tall, making it a perfect container gardening choice.With its abundant bright red stems and dark green leaves, ‘Ruby’ makes a pretty ornamental as well as an edible in the summer through fall landscape.Even with the best intentions, during the growing season, you may have to deal with hungry critters, bugs, and infection, so here’s what to watch for and how to handle each.Animals such as deer, ground hogs, and rabbits may come a-nibbling, so consider planting in raised beds, and beneath floating row covers, to keep them at bay.If plants become targets due to poor soil, drainage, spacing, or weed control, you may encounter the following:.And second, they may make your vegetable their home, laying eggs, nourishing ravenous appetites, causing damage or death, and wintering over to do it all again next year.And if you see bugs and eggs on your plants, hand pick them, or dislodge them with a steady stream of water from your garden hose.While not prone to disease, conditions like over- or under-watering may make it susceptible, resulting in damaged plant tissue and growth deformity.It does tolerate humidity, but B.

vulgaris that is planted too closely, or in soil that doesn’t drain well, or both, may succumb to:.The beet leafhopper loves sunny locations, so planting in partial shade my deter this virus-carrying pest.An organic fungicide may halt the spread of fungus, but roots that succumb to oversaturation don’t usually recover.If you keep some soil attached, you may store them in a cool, moist location for continued growth and harvests into the winter.Alternatively, cut individual stems, or shear off the entire plant at the soil level, for one final harvest of the season.Another way to optimize your crop output is to use floating row covers to retain warmth right into winter.However, if your plants winter over and return the following spring, you may have the pleasure of seeing tiny green flowers set seed at the end of the second growing season.When most of the pods look brown, remove entire stalks of them and lay them in open paper bags in a dry location.Separate them from the chaff and store them in jars, or zippered plastic bags, in a cool, dry location.Chard is an excellent source of copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, and potassium, and vitamins A, C, and K. The most colorful varieties offer anti-inflammatory betalains.Like many greens, chard has a slightly bitter flavor that grows mild and savory during cooking.And more mature leaves make a refreshing and colorful alternative to lettuce and celery, when cut up separately in salads.Plant Type: Annual or biennial vegetable Growth Rate: Fastest in cool weather Native To: Sicily, naturalized in Europe and the Americas Maintenance: Low Hardiness (USDA Zone): Annual 2-11, biennial 6-11 Soil Type: Rich, organic Season: Spring to hard frost Soil pH: 6.0-8.0 Exposure: Full sun to part shade Soil Drainage: Well-draining Time to Maturity: 50-60 days Companion Planting: Brassicas, celery, chamomile, coreopsis, lettuce, mint, nasturtium, radishes, sweet alyssum Spacing: 12 inches Avoid Planting With: Other subspecies of B.

vulgaris (beetroot, sugar beet), corn, curcurbits, most herbs, potatoes Planting Depth: 1/2 inch Family: Amaranthaceae Height: 8-24 inches Subfamily: Chenopodiaceae Spread: 9-18 inches Genus: Beta Water Needs: 1 inch per week Species: B. vulgaris Tolerance: Cold, heat with adequate watering, light frost Pests & Diseases: Aphids, beet leafhoppers, blister beetles, flea beetles, leafminers, slugs, tarnished plant bugs, curly leaf fungus, root rot.Try this Indian Daal with Seared Chicken Breasts for an aromatic dish fortified with the anti-inflammatory benefits of golden turmeric.If you’re looking for a quick prep brunch dish that’s a little out of the box, loaded with vegan nutrition, and packs a cayenne zing, serve your guests this tasty fritter that can be either a main entree, an appetizer, or a side.The pairing of gently wilted greens and tender onions with crisp nuts and chewy raisins is a textural feast for the palate that always satisfies.They make an excellent substitution for asparagus, removing its earthy high note and replacing it with sweetness.To enjoy it at season’s end, simply dig up the entire plant, slice off the roots, rinse and prepare. .

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