If your kidneys are not functioning well, you may be advised to limit potassium in your diet. .
17 Foods to Avoid If You Have Kidney Disease
However, avoiding or limiting certain foods in your diet may help decrease the accumulation of waste products in the blood, improve kidney function, and prevent further damage ( 2 ).Those with end stage renal disease who require dialysis will also have varying dietary restrictions.The majority of those with late or end stage kidney disease will need to follow a kidney-friendly diet to avoid a buildup of certain chemicals or nutrients in the blood.Potassium and phosphorus are still a concern for people with kidney disease, but they should work closely with their doctor or dietitian to determine their personal limits for these nutrients, which are usually based on lab results.However, those with end stage renal disease undergoing dialysis have an increased protein requirement ( 5 ).Many food and beverage manufacturers add phosphorus during processing to enhance flavor, prolong shelf life, and prevent discoloration.According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) food database, a 12-ounce cola contains 33.5 mg of phosphorus ( 9 ).SUMMARY Dark-colored sodas should be avoided on a renal diet, as they contain phosphorus in its additive form, which is highly absorbable by the human body.By reducing the portion size to one-fourth of an avocado, people with kidney disease can still include this food in their diets while also limiting potassium, if needed.Avocados, including guacamole, should be limited or avoided on a renal diet if you have been told to watch your potassium intake.SUMMARY Consider avoiding avocados on a renal diet if your doctor or nutritionist has advised you to lower your potassium intake.However, most canned foods contain high amounts of sodium, as salt is added as a preservative to increase its shelf life ( 11 ).Due to the amount of sodium found in canned goods, it’s often recommended that people with kidney disease avoid or limit their consumption.It’s best to compare the nutrition labels of various types of bread, choose a lower sodium option, if possible, and monitor your portion sizes.You may be able to fit brown rice into a renal diet, but only if the portion is controlled and balanced with other foods to avoid an excessive daily intake of potassium and phosphorus.Bulgur, buckwheat, pearled barley, and couscous are nutritious, lower phosphorus grains that can make a good substitute for brown rice.SUMMARY Brown rice has a high content of phosphorus and potassium and will likely need to be portion-controlled or limited on a renal diet.However, pineapples contain substantially less potassium than other tropical fruits and can be a more suitable yet tasty alternative (19).Yet, consuming too much dairy, in conjunction with other phosphorus-rich foods, can be detrimental to bone health in those with kidney disease.It may be important to limit dairy intake to avoid the buildup of protein waste in the blood.SUMMARY Dairy products contain high amounts of phosphorus, potassium, and protein and should be limited on a renal diet.Processed meats typically contain large amounts of salt, mostly to improve their taste and preserve flavor.Therefore, it may be difficult to keep your daily sodium intake to less than 2,300 mg if processed meats are abundant in your diet.If you have been told to monitor your protein intake, it’s important to limit processed meats for this reason as well.SUMMARY Processed meats are high in salt and protein and should be consumed in moderation on a renal diet.Five green pickled olives provide about 195 mg of sodium, which is a significant portion of the daily amount in only a small serving (28).SUMMARY Pickles, processed olives, and relish are high in sodium and should be limited on a renal diet.Cutting potatoes into small, thin pieces and boiling them for at least 10 minutes can reduce the potassium content by about 50% ( 33 ).Choosing an alternative with lower potassium content depends largely on your taste preferences.Packaged, instant, and premade meals Processed foods can be a major component of sodium in the diet.Keeping sodium intake to 2,300 mg per day may be difficult if you’re eating highly processed foods regularly.SUMMARY Packaged, instant, and premade meals are highly processed items that can contain very large amounts of sodium and lack nutrients.While leafy vegetables shrink to a smaller serving size when cooked, the potassium content remains the same.Therefore, the potassium content of dried fruit, including dates, prunes, and raisins, is extremely high and should be avoided on a renal diet.Also, it’s easy to eat more than the recommended portion size of these foods, often leading to even greater salt intake than intended.SUMMARY Pretzels, chips, and crackers are easily consumed in large portions and tend to contain high amounts of salt. .
Kidney Disease High- and Moderate-Potassium Foods
Just like sodium, potassium must stay balanced in your body when managing kidney disease.If your kidneys are not working well, potassium levels in your blood might get too high.High levels of potassium can affect your heart rhythm, so the eating plan you follow for managing kidney disease might include a potassium limit.Your doctor or registered dietitian nutritionist will let you know if you need to monitor the amount of potassium in the foods and beverages you consume, and your RDN can explain how to stay within your limit.Potassium is found in many fruits and vegetables, beans, nuts and dairy foods.The exact amounts can vary but below is a general guide for foods that are considered high and low in potassium.Meet with an RDN to learn more about kidney disease and an eating plan that's right for you. .
Swiss chard: Possible health benefits, uses, and risks
Along with other leafy greens and descendants of the beet family, Swiss chard contains high levels of nitrates, which been shown to lower blood pressure , reduce the amount of oxygen needed during exercise, and enhance athletic performance.Just one cup provides over three times the recommended daily allowance of vitamin K.A cup of Swiss chard provides 44 percent of the daily allowance of vitamin A and 18 percent of the recommended amount of vitamin C.People whose diets are low in the minerals calcium, magnesium, and potassium are more likely to have high blood pressure.A 2013 study published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, found that foods that are high in dietary nitrates, like Swiss chard, have multiple vascular benefits.Swiss chard contains an antioxidant known as alpha-lipoic acid.This has been shown to lower glucose levels, increase insulin sensitivity, and prevent oxidative stress-induced changes in patients with diabetes.Dietary nitrates have been shown to improve muscle oxygenation during exercise.In one study, beetroot juice, also high in dietary nitrates, improved performance by 2.8 percent over 11 seconds in a 4-kilometer (km) bicycle time trial. .
Swiss Chard Crostini
From Kidney Kitchen Pro, click “Create a meal plan.” From here, take the following steps:.You can add a recipe to an existing meal plan by clicking “Add to meal plan” to add them to a specific meal plan.If you are logged in to Kidney Kitchen Pro, you can access your custom meal plans at any time. .
9 Healthy Facts About Swiss Chard
The earthy-tasting Swiss chard is a powerhouse of nutrition.And with its rainbow assortment of stem colors, it's as pleasing on the plate as it is to the palate.The plant has numerous monikers, including silverbeet, Roman kale, and strawberry spinach.The tall leafy vegetable is a part of the goosefoot family -- aptly named because the leaves resemble a goose’s foot.Leaves and stalks can be boiled, steamed, or roasted. .
Renal Diet: Sodium, Potassium, Phosphorus Intake & Foods to Avoid
Sodium is a mineral found in salt (sodium chloride), and it is widely used in food preparation.Salt is one of the most commonly used seasonings, and it takes time to get used to reducing the salt in your diet.Do not use salt when cooking food.Do not put salt on food when you eat.Avoid foods that have salt in the first 4 or 5 items in the ingredient list.Only eat soups that have labels saying the sodium level is reduced – and only eat 1 cup – not the whole can.When kidneys do not function properly, potassium builds up in the blood.You will need to avoid certain ones and limit the amount of others.Phosphorus is another mineral that can build up in your blood when your kidneys don’t work properly. .