Many people may not understand that the determinate/indeterminate property of tomatoes affects the way plants look, behave and bear fruit.There are literally hundreds of tomatoes varieties, which differ in color, size, disease resistance and time to maturity.They are often more flavorful when compared to determinates and will continue to flower and produce fruit during the growing season and up to the first frost.For a good overview of determinate versus indeterminate, read this article from the UCCE Master Gardeners of San Bernardino County.If you like to can, freeze, or dehydrate your produce, determinate tomatoes will yield a large quantity of fruit in a shorter time, which can be convenient.There are other considerations as you select specific varieties such as flavor profile, size, color, disease resistance; even whether you prefer to eat fresh tomatoes or cook with them.For an extensive database of tomato varieties including descriptions and images, visit the Rutgers University listing.Transplant after the danger of frost is past and the soil has warmed, which is approximately at the beginning of May in central Virginia.“Staking and Pruning Tomatoes in the Home Garden,” University of Georgia Extension, Circular 1150, 2019.“What’s the Difference Between Determinate and Indeterminate Tomatoes?” Shelley Stone-Schmidt, University of California, Agriculture and Natural Resources, UCCE San Bernardino County Master Gardeners, 2015.Epic Tomatoes: How to Select & Grow the Best Varieties of All Time, Craig LeHoullier, Storey Publishing, 2015. .

Which Tomatoes are Determinate? A-Z List of Determinate Varieties

A determinate tomato plant will produce one larger harvest as opposed to continuing to grow throughout the season.They have a “determined” harvest and set time frame in which they generally produce fruit.Since they only produce one main harvest, determinate tomato plants don’t need to be pruned as often.Atlas tomato – This determinate beefsteak is great for container gardening or growing in the ground.With just 65 days until the harvest, it won’t be long until you have these delicious, 12 oz fruits in your kitchen ready to be eaten!With just 65 days until the harvest, it won’t be long until you have these delicious, 12 oz fruits in your kitchen ready to be eaten!Cal Ace – This mid-season heirloom beauty produces meaty fruits around 7-9 oz.These make great tomatoes for sauces and canning to preserve your harvest for a later date.Plum Regal – Deep red variety with a perfect flavor for tomato sauce and pastes.Ten Fingers of Naples – This open-pollinated cultivar is a heavy producer of tomatoes that are often times 5-6 inches long.A full harvest takes only 56 days, so this plant is usually the first of the season to bear fruit.While many have an indeterminate growth habit, there are a few varieties of San Marzano tomatoes that are determinate, so you’ll still want to check to see.– This determinate San Marzano variety is meaty and has thick walls, perfect for sauces, tomato puree, and pastes.Indeterminate tomatoes get much taller and continue producing fruit throughout the growing season.While they bear more fruit, you will need to stay on top of pruning them as they get suckers that will cause smaller size tomatoes if you aren’t taking care of them regularly.If you’re growing determinate tomatoes, you can prune off the first few suckers until the main stem is around 6-12 inches tall.While some people don’t prune determinates at all, doing this helps avoid fungal diseases from having leaves sitting so close to the ground.Determinate tomato plants tend to have leaves that are closer together on the stems, making them appear bushier and more full.Indeterminate tomato plants look more like vines and end up growing taller much faster than their counterparts.Both types of tomatoes do great when staked or trellised in some way as they can get heavy, especially with larger fruits.My personal rule of thumb is to use tomato cages for determinate varieties, and a taller trellis for indeterminates.You’ll want to grow your tomatoes in a pot or container with proper drainage holes.Once you have your plant started and ready to transplant into your container, make sure you’re choosing a good quality potting mix.Once you’ve planted your tomato, add a layer of 1 inch of cedar mulch or similar to the top.This helps prevent water from splashing back up onto the plant and causing fungal diseases.Keep an eye out for little green worms, or lots of moths flying around your garden and landing on the leaves. .

What Are Determinate and Indeterminate Tomatoes?

All tomato plants are vines that would sprawl along the ground if gardeners did not stake them to grow upward.If left to their natural tendencies, tomato vines would become a damp, tangled mess on the soil, where they would attract diseases and pests.Determinate tomatoes are varieties that grow to a fixed mature size and ripen all their fruit in a short period (usually about two weeks).Indeterminate tomato varieties also continue to set and ripen fruit throughout the growing season until frost kills the plants.However, they tend to start ripening a little later in the season than determinate varieties do because they first spend a good amount of time growing tall.It is a good idea to pinch back some of the suckers on indeterminate tomatoes to prevent unmanageable growth.Never pinch out a sucker directly below a blossom as this causes uneven growth in the plant and will reduce your harvest.The indeterminate varieties need large, sturdy stakes or caging for support because of how long they grow.This eliminates the need for support, keeps the fruit up off the ground, and permits the plant to grow in an open manner to allow sunlight to reach all its parts. .

What Tomatoes Are Determinate? (Printable List Of 18 Types

I’ve also included a link to a printable PDF with the list in this article.Below, I have included a table of determinate tomatoes, arranged in order of increasing size (approximate).You can also download the table of determinate tomato varieties as a free PDF here.Size Celebrity Slicer Medium Chiquita Grape Tiny Defiant.Spring Slicer Medium Paisano Paste Small Plum Regal Plum Small Polbig Slicer Medium Skyway Beefsteak Large Sunrise.Chocolate Heirloom Small Valley Girl Slicer Medium Washington.The fruits on this plant are tall and red, and they weigh 4 ounces.For example, the Big Beef Tomato from Johnny’s Selected seeds is an indeterminate Beefsteak variety.Image courtesy of user: Assianir via: Wikimedia Commons: fruits on this plant are red and slim at 2-3 inches long.Cherry tomatoes, one of the smallest types, can be either indeterminate or determinate.The fruits on this plant are bright orange and weigh 15 to 20 grams.The fruits on this plant are deep yellow and weigh 15 to 20 grams.Some heirloom tomatoes are huge – that is a standard size index card next to it!For example, the Rose Organic Tomato from Johnny’s Selected seeds is an indeterminate heirloom variety.The fruits on this plant are deep pink, and they weigh 10 ounces or more to rival Brandywine tomatoes!The fruits on this plant are a deep, shiny red and weigh 1.5 to 2 ounces.For example, the National Gardening Association’s Plant Database lists this Rutgers tomato as an indeterminate variety.They also list this Rutgers Improved PS as a determinate variety.This means that they will grow tall and continue to produce fruit until frost stops them from doing so.The main differences are how tall they grow and the time frames for producing fruit.I have included a table below to compare determinate and indeterminate tomatoes head-to-head.Determinate tomato varieties tend to grow like a bush: thick and dense, but short.According to the University of New Hampshire Extension, determinate tomato plants set a terminal bud at around 4 feet (1.2 meters) tall and then stop growing.However, if you don’t want them to crawl along the ground, tomato cages work well to support them.Indeterminate tomato varieties tend to grow like a vine: long and thin.According to the University of Georgia Extension, indeterminate tomato plants continue to produce fruit slowly throughout the growing season, until frost ends the season.The suckers (side shoots) of indeterminate tomato varieties are sometimes pruned to keep them neat and disease-free.Indeterminate tomato plants can easily grow to a height of 7 feet (2.1 meters) or taller.Without support, indeterminate tomatoes will fall over and creep along the ground, or their main vine will break.You can use a trellis to support indeterminate tomato plants, but tall stakes are also an option.(If you have a wall to mount it against, a trellis is a solid choice that can also add to the appearance of your garden.Tall stakes work well for supporting indeterminate tomato varieties.You can learn more about how much different types of tomatoes weigh in my article here.If you want to read some of my most popular posts, check out the “Best of GreenUpSide” page here. .

Determinate & Indeterminate Tomatoes & Other Tomato Growing

When selecting tomato varieties, you must choose between plants with different types of growth habits called determinate or indeterminate.These are popular with gardeners who like to can, make sauce, or have another reason for wanting most of their tomatoes at once.It might even be that you'd prefer to harvest early and leave late summer for a long vacation.Because indeterminate varieties throw out so many shoots, gardeners often prune them for optimum-sized fruit or train them on a very tall trellis.Bonnie Plant Farm offers varieties that have proven to be most productive with disease resistance a major consideration in our selection.Early Girl, an indeterminate variety of tomato, will grow well over 6 feet.Hybrids offer better disease resistance, higher yield, and other improved traits.Sometimes we refer to tomatoes that mature in more than 60 days as "early," but only in comparison to their peers.Beefsteaks are typically longer maturing than other tomato types because they are so big! .

Should You Grow Determinate or Indeterminate Tomato Plants

February is prime time for starting vegetable seeds indoors in preparation of spring planting.Determinate (bush) tomato plants are bred to stop growing usually somewhere around 3′-4′ feet tall.This type continues to produce tomatoes all growing season until a hard frost hits and stops them in their tracks.Cages and stakies are the easiest and fastest type of structures for vertical veggies such as tomatoes or peppers.While these plants need something to “climb”, they’re not true vines and should have their branches supported by being tied periodically to keep them upright. .

All products – tagged "determinate-tomatoes" – Bonnie Plants

Highly aromatic, it enhances meat dishes, eggs, cheeses, soups, and sauces, and it is a primary component of both Bouquet Garni and Herbes de Provence.Because it is low-growing and has thin stems and a wiry habit, don't crowd it because vigorous neighboring plants might choke it out. .

Should You Grow Determinate or Indeterminate Tomatoes

When the warm days announce that it’s tomato growing season and you’re ready to choose which varieties to include in your garden, there are many characteristics to consider.I used to just ignore that particular information too – after all, the words “determinate” and “indeterminate” just don’t awaken the senses the way vivid flavor descriptions or unique color patterns do.Whether a cultivar is determinate or indeterminate refers simply to its growth habit – or in other words, how the plant behaves and develops.Potatoes, cucumbers, and beans are among the edible crops that also exhibit determinate or indeterminate growth habits among different cultivars.Semi-determinate varieties keep growing through the season, but generally remain smaller than indeterminate plants, with a bushier habit.Human hair, on the other hand, shows indeterminate growth, giving us the ability to grow super long locks – reminiscent of country music star Crystal Gayle – if we should so choose.Now that you have a general idea of what these terms mean, you may be wondering how you can tell which category a particular cultivar falls into.That means that when these plants are in your garden, they will reach a staked or caged height of four feet or less, depending on your cultivar.These tomatoes have sturdy stems and require only minimal support, compared to indeterminate vining types.However, most gardeners offer some support for determinate varieties, to help them bear what will be a heavy load of fruit when they reach maturity.If you want to learn more about this trellis system, in which twine is attached to stakes and woven around plants to provide support as they grow, make sure you read our article on the Florida weave.Determinate tomatoes aren’t going to keep growing endlessly, so they generally aren’t pruned throughout the growing season, apart from an initial pruning of the lower part of the plant to keep foliage off of the soil and to prevent the spread of disease.Kathryn Fontenot at the Louisiana State University AgCenter Extension recommends working your way up from the soil, and removing suckers up to the first cluster of flowers.And if you are planning to start your plants from seed, be sure to build the additional days required into your calculations as well.This means the bulk of your harvest will come in over a short, concentrated period, making these varieties excellent for canning.One popular determinate variety that is widely available to home gardeners in both seed catalogs and nursery centers is ‘Roma.’.But if canning isn’t on your agenda, paste types – also known as plum or processing tomatoes – like ‘Roma’ are also ideal for cooking, because they are meaty and less watery than the juicy slicers that you might like to serve fresh on a burger.Organic ‘Roma’ seeds are available for purchase in a selection of packet sizes from Eden Brothers.If your first fall frost tends to come early, like it does in my short-season garden, you may not have time to get much of a harvest from the later-maturing indeterminate varieties – so make sure you pick one that is appropriate for the length of your growing season.Pruning and training these plants in this way also helps with airflow, an important tactic for keeping disease at bay in more humid climates.In fact, unpruned, overgrown plants may produce fruits that fail to turn red on the vine.Read our article on this topic to learn more about how to make sure this summer crop turns red in your garden.This late-maturing variety will reach a height of about five feet when staked, so it remains fairly manageable, and it’s suitable even for smaller spaces like a patio.Care for Semi-Determinate Types Semi-determinate tomatoes might just be the best of both worlds – well-behaved, bushy plants that produce fruit all summer long.And yet, they continue producing fruit longer than determinate types, acting more like those with an indeterminate growth habit.As far as support goes, they are treated largely like determinate types – both cages and the Florida weave will work well if you’re growing these.There are many semi-determinate cultivars available to the home grower, with a wide range of uses – from slicers for fresh eating to paste types for canning, to cherries for plein-air nibbling. .

Determinate Tomato Varieties You Can Depend On

The plants can then be pulled and composted, making room for a fall crop of leafy greens.The vast majority of garden tomatoes are either long-vined indeterminate (cordon) varieties, or an in-between category called “vigorous determinates,” of which ‘Roma’ and ‘Celebrity’ are good examples.As long as sunny weather reigns while the fruits are ripening, the determinate tomato varieties listed here can be counted upon to taste wonderful.Among fast-maturing varieties that start ripening about 60 days after transplanting, egg-shaped ‘Siberian’ sets a high standard for flavor, which is similar in many respects to Canadian-bred ‘ Beaverlodge’.Bred to bear in Idaho’s short summers, beautiful orange ‘Ida Gold’, shown loaded with green fruits in the photo above delivers on all of a determinate tomato’s promises – early, easy, productive and tastes great.Not all determinate tomatoes are extra earlies, and full-season varieties rated at 75 to 80 days to maturity offer easy-to-manage harvests from big, robust bushes. .


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