With companion planting, you can utilize your garden space efficiently, increase biodiversity and repel pests and diseases.Insects like hornworms, aphids, and spider mites are attracted to the tomato plant and can limit your harvest.I have had my share of successes and flops with companion planting but I am enjoying the awareness I am gaining from observing these relationships in my vegetable garden.Vegetables like tomatoes, garlic, basil, onions, and oregano are all classic flavors to put in a homemade pizza and they grow nicely together.Companion planting is amazing because it limits my need for pesticides or added fertilizers and reinforces organic practices.For instance, when tomatoes are planted in a garden bed by themselves, their natural fragrance will entice tomato-loving bugs like hornworms.Some companion plants like flowers attract beneficial insects to help manage pest problems.Peas are climbers with their vines and will happily grow alongside (or even through) the tomatoes, and sunflowers are often tall enough to get plenty of light behind the other plants, although you don’t want them to block the sun.This is favorable for gardeners who are limited on space and want to utilize their resources wisely, but be careful to ensure everything has plenty of airflow around it!For example, plants in the legume family, like beans or peas, are nitrogen fixers, and can naturally supply these nutrient needs for a healthy harvest.Borage repels pesky tomato hornworms and the wide leaves provide shade to the soil.Sunflowers, nasturtium, and cosmos lure aphids away when planted close to tomatoes and attract beneficial insects.Other flowers to consider for pest control are violas, lavender, bee balm, echinacea, red clover, sweet alyssum, borage, and amaranth.The vibrant amaranth flowers can attract beetles that eat the pest species that prey on tomatoes.French marigolds are excellent for soil health by impeding root parasites and root-knot nematodes that can hinder the growth of tomato plants.Living mulches like crimson clover limit weed germination and naturally cultivate nitrogen in the soil to fertilize the tomatoes in your garden.Cool-season vegetables like lettuce, radishes, beets, parsnips, and carrots flourish in the cool shade of the tomato plants and can help with weed management.These cool-season companion plants inspire me to cultivate a salad garden bed with carrots, lettuce, cherry tomatoes, marigolds, and a complimentary herb.Crops in the allium family such as garlic, leeks, shallots, chives, and onions make some of the best tomato companion plants.Their strong aroma has a pesticide effect and repels insects such as spider mites, aphids, and other garden pests.The stocky build of bush beans can provide shade while fixing nitrogen into the soil around the tomato plants.After the first couple of years, the asparagus roots will begin to dominate the garden bed and you’ll need to plan a new home for the tomato plants.These large plants often compete for soil nutrition, but more importantly, they will take up the space needed for good tomato growth.Not only do they thrive in the same growing conditions but the giant leaves of the squash plants provide a ground cover.Additionally, zucchini attracts beneficial insects such as bees to help pollinate tomatoes in your garden. .
Can You Plant Zucchini Squash Next to a Better Bush Tomato in a
Zucchini and tomatoes are popular plants to grow in a home garden, given their relatively straightforward care and prodigious harvest.Trap plants do this by being more attractive to a particularly aggressive pest than your primary crop, drawing potential invaders away from your prize.While bushy zucchini can provide a compact and sizable yield, they can also benefit from a small trellis or stake to support them as they grow.The go-to third companion plant for tomatoes and zucchini is borage (Borago officinalis, can be grown as a biennial or in zones 3 to 10, says Harvest to Table).A pollinator favorite, this edible herb with a flavor reminiscent of cucumber will help to deter pests for both tomatoes and zucchini.This is truly the glue that will hold zucchini and tomato together as a trio in terms of pest control and beneficial attractants.Nasturtium (Tropaeolum, perennial in zones 9 through 11) will also attract pollinators while acting as a trap crop for aphids but do not share the edible and deterrent natures of borage. .
Best and Worst Companion Plants for Tomatoes
Luckily, tomatoes make good companions with many popular garden vegetables.A lot of plants are touted as improving the health, vigor, and flavor of tomatoes.All of these features are hard to measure, since little scientific research exists to back up the claims, and many other factors may be involved.Plants recommended for companion planting with tomatoes include amaranth, asparagus, basil, beans, borage, calendula (pot marigold), carrots, celery, chive, cleome, cosmos, cucumber, garlic, lemon balm, lettuce, marigold, mint, nasturtium, onion, parsley, sage, and squash.Nasturtium not only looks lovely planted with tomatoes, but it also serves as a trap crop for aphids.Growing the plants in proximity that are susceptible to the same pests can invite disaster and a decimated garden.Growing the plants in proximity that are susceptible to the same pests can invite disaster and a decimated garden.Eggplant, peppers, and potatoes: These plants are in the nightshade family like tomatoes and are all susceptible to early and late blight, which can build up in the soil and get worse each year.Hornworms (Manduca quinquemaculata, the larva stage of the five-spotted hawkmoth) love the foliage and fruit of tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants and can quickly decimate plants.These plants are in the nightshade family like tomatoes and are all susceptible to early and late blight, which can build up in the soil and get worse each year.Hornworms (Manduca quinquemaculata, the larva stage of the five-spotted hawkmoth) love the foliage and fruit of tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants and can quickly decimate plants.Fennel secretes a substance from its roots that inhibits tomato plant growth. .
The Best Companion Plants For Zucchini and Squash
Different plants can help one another in different ways, either by offering protection from pests, amplifying the delicious flavor of a vegetable or fruit, keeping weeds at bay, preserving moisture, or adding nutrients to the soil.In some instances, tall sturdy plants can even provide some much-needed structure and support for nearby vining varieties like beans and peas.Both zucchini and summer squash (members of the Cucurbia pepo species) require a lot of space in the garden, making it essential to find them companion plants with opposite traits.Their broad leaves and vining nature offer shade which helps keep weeds in check and retain soil moisture which will benefit companion plants with those requirements.The ample growth of squash and zucchini plants shade the soil and prevent the infiltration of weeds, while their spiny leaves deter rodents who may enjoy a bean or sweet corn snack.Mixing edible flowers and herbs into your vegetable garden will make it pleasing to the eye and can benefit your crops.Nasturtium's spiciness adds a nip to a butter lettuce salad, while marigold's sweetness mellows out the peppery taste of arugula.Fragrant herbs like peppermint, dill, oregano, lemon balm, and parsley help ward off pests and insects from squashes.Other cool season crops like lettuces, beets and radishes can be succession planted in garden areas shaded from intense summer heat. .
35 Companion Plants To Grow With Your Tomatoes
You might even grow them in containers on a patio, balcony or sunny windowsill – or even upside down.Wherever you grow your tomatoes, companion plants can help you increase the yield from your crop.It can help you increase resilience in your garden, cope with pests and maintain fertility.In permaculture gardens, smallholdings and on organic farms, biodiversity is one of the keys to successful growing.This should help you understand why we companion plant, and the benefits it can have in your garden or growing areas.Beneficial companion plants of this type include peas, beans and other nitrogen fixers, which take nitrogen from the air and bring it into the soil in a usable form with the help of micro-organisms living on the roots.When chopped and dropped, comfrey can take nutrients from deep under ground and make them available in the topsoil.Some companion plants are extremely useful because they distract or repel pests that could otherwise decimate your crops.Companion planting of carrots and onions, for example, is beneficial because the strong smells of both distract pests to either one.Marigolds should be sown throughout a garden because they give off a powerful scent that repels many pests and French Marigolds give off a chemical from their roots that acts as a powerful pesticide for several years and can kill harmful nematodes in the soil.Attracting creatures that prey on pest species can help keep the garden or farm ecosystem in balance.Without these pollinators it would be difficult to gain any harvest and so it is important to make sure that you have companion plants which will attract them to the area and keep them there.When choosing companion plants, it is important to keep a kind of balance sheet of pros and cons.Companion planting is all about experimentation, with a good amount of common sense and basic ecosystem knowledge thrown in.The reasoning goes that planting these crops together can be problematic because diseases (like blight, for example) can easily spread between them.And peppers can benefit from the shade and humidity created by the tomato plants close by.And once the asparagus has been harvested in spring, the bed may see no action for the rest of the year.Their spreading form and large leaves means they create good ground cover, reducing water loss from the site.And they, like tomatoes and beans, could also be grown up cordons or supports to make the most of a smaller growing area.Garlic, onions, chives and other alliums all work well as companions to a number of other plants.Their strong smell can repel a range of pests that might otherwise bother your tomatoes.Lettuce and other low-growing leafy greens can also be slotted into spaces between and beneath tomato plants.They can be used to fill gaps between growing tomato plants early in the season, and to create ground cover to retain soil moisture and reduce weeds.In summer, the shade cast by your tomato plants will also prevent lettuce from bolting and prematurely going to seed.Perennial herbs can be planted on the fringes of such an area, or even grown in pots or containers nearby.You might further embrace permaculture ideas by creating mixed polycultures that retain both annual and perennial elements.Tomatoes might find a space, for example, in gaps in a perennial herb garden.Many can fill in the gaps around the edges of the containers and help reduce watering needs.Wherever you use them, of course, many herbs attract beneficial insects, and can also delight human inhabitants with their scents.It repels a range of insect pests, improves the growth of nearby tomato plants, and is even said to make the fruits taste better.Over time, mint, like basil, can also spread around the base of the plants and create good ground cover.Tomatoes love warmth in the summer and perennial Mediterranean herbs do too.Rosemary is another Mediterranean herb and while it won’t want to get too wet, it too can thrive in similar temperatures to tomatoes.Another Mediterranean herb to consider for your tomato bed or container is thyme.Thyme is not only great for attracting beneficial wildlife, it can also create good ground cover around the edges of a tomato bed.Sage also does well planted around the edges of a tomato container or growing area and, like so many other herbs, will help attract the insects you want and repel those you do not want in your garden.Horehound will attract Braconid and Icheumonid wasps and Tachnid and Syrid flies to your garden.Plant lovage and, again, this will help bring plenty of beneficial insect species into your garden.Hyssop is also said to be beneficial for tomatoes and also improves insect biodiversity, bringing in predatory species.Again, they can be annual or perennial, and be included in a wide range of different garden zones.Too many gardeners create division between their fruit and vegetable plot and their ornamental flower beds.But it can also help because them can excrete a chemical from their roots which kills harmful root-knot nematodes in the soil and stop them from spoiling your tomato plants.But they can also be beneficial because they naturally deter a wide range of insects that could pose a problem for your tomato plants.Plant it near tomatoes and this is another crop that will draw in a wide range of pollinators over a long blooming season.Amaranths host beneficial predatory beetles which can predate the bad bugs that bother your tomato plants.Amaranth can also provide its own beneficial yield, in the form of greens or seed.But it can be beneficial as a companion plant to a wide range of crops – including tomatoes.It also improves soil quality as the leaves are used as a mulch or to enrich your compost.Stinging nettles attract a range of caterpillars and beneficial insects.A few nettles around your tomato patch could be a great thing – and you can even eat them or use them in a range of other ways around your homestead as an additional yield.Dandelions are another surprising edible that many people just think of as a common weed.But their deep tap roots are also great at bringing nutrients up to the soil surface when chopped and dropped before they go to seed.Sow thistle is another common weed which is said by some gardeners to aid the growth of other plants close by.Like the dandelion, it has a deep tap root that can bring up nutrients from far below the soil surface.And a blanket of this spreading weed around the base of tomatoes can help to reduce soil moisture evaporation.Finally, purslane is another edible weed that could be good for creating ground cover around tomato plants.A Tomato Ring – With Beans, Cucumbers, basil, lettuce and nasturtiums.Tomatoes, Runner Beans, Butternut Squash, Basil, Marigolds, Cornflower, Self-Seeded native Plants.Tomato, Garlic, Basil, Parsley, Oregano, Nasturtium, Borage, Asparagus.Tomatoes, Carrots, Onions, Basil, Marigolds, Calendula, Parsley. .
Zucchini Companion Plants for the Vegetable Garden
Times are changing though, thanks to an abundance of current research looking at the benefits of partnering certain plants together.In my book, you’ll find an extensive reference list of these studies, along with dozens of useful plant partnerships throughout the pages.The partner crops can be planted closely together at the same time, or they can be grown in succession – one after the other – to gain the desired benefits.Gardeners who battle squash bug infestations are wise to interplant their zucchini plants with trailing nasturtiums.Nasturtiums produce lovely edible flowers and can also potentially boost pollinator numbers in the squash patch.Zucchini plants fall prey to several different pests, including aphids, whiteflies, spider mites, and others.By companion planting your zucchini crop with small-flowered fragrant herbs such as oregano, dill, basil, fennel, and thyme, you’ll be providing nectar and pollen for tiny parasitic wasps, ladybugs, lacewings, and other predators of these garden pests.Just remember to stop harvesting the herbs by early summer so they have enough time to bloom and produce nectar.Nitrogen-fixing cover crops, including legumes like white clover, peas, and beans add essential nutrients to the soil and are excellent zucchini companion plants whether they are grown side by size or in succession with your zucchini crop.The nitrogen added to the soil by the small white clover helps feed the zucchini plants which are heavy feeders.Companion planting techniques focused on weed reduction sometimes involve the use of living mulches.Additionally, when grown as a weed-suppressing living mulch, medium red clover also provides habitat for pest-eating beneficial insects and pollinators.Field oats (Avena sativa) make an inexpensive and reliable living mulch for weed control around zucchini and other taller vegetables like tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants.They grow quickly during the summer and autumn but are easily killed by cold winter temperatures.Because oats are allelopathic (meaning they contain compounds that inhibit the growth of certain nearby plants), it’s important to only partner them with vegetables grown from transplants, not from seed.The same study also noted that this plant pairing decreased the density of certain pests and diseases, such as aphids and whiteflies.Mustard is winter killed at about 25 degrees F. The powerful root system of this zucchini companion plant breaks up compacted soils, too.By incorporating these good companion plants for zucchini into your garden, you’ll discover many potential benefits. .
Companion Planting Guide
Here are the 10 most popular vegetables grown in the United States and their friends (and foes) in the garden.This herb helps tomatoes produce greater yields and it repels both flies and mosquitoes.Marigolds are another good companion, repelling nematodes and other garden pests.Other friends to tomatoes include asparagus, carrots, celery, the onion family, lettuce, parsley, and spinach.Other companions include broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and other members of the cabbage family along with cucumbers, peas, potatoes, and radishes.Friends: Plant marigolds and nasturtiums among your cucumbers to repel aphids and beetles,.Beans, celery, corn, lettuce, dill, peas, and radishes are also good companion plants.Beans, beets, broccoli, carrots, corn, peas, radishes, and marigolds also work as good companion plants.Foes: Parsley, because it tends to grow into a small yet bushy plant and can crowd your lettuce.Squash also does well planted alongside beans, peas, radishes, dill, and marigolds.Friends: Carrots are heat sensitive, which is why they go well with tomato plants that can provide them a bit of shade.Tomatoes are also known to produce solanine, which is a natural insecticide that targets pests affecting carrot plants.Onions, beets, cabbage, kale, lettuce, spinach, and squash are also good friends for radishes.Friends: Corn loves veggies that fix nitrogen in the soil—like green beans.Cornstalks also make a great trellis for vining or trailing plants including beans, cucumbers, peas, pumpkins, and melons.Follow these companion planting guidelines to boost yields, minimize pest or disease problems and make garden management easier! .